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Influence of laser needle-knife on PI-3K, AKT and VEGF mRNA expression in cervical spondylotic arteriopathy model rabbits

By Fang Liu, Lihong Ye, Wei Wei, Gaoyi Yang, Yang Ye, Jun Meng, Xueyan Din and Songjia Zhao

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of laser needle-knife on PI-3K, AKT and VEGF mRNA expression of vertebral arteries in a rabbit model of cervical spondylotic arteriopathy (CSA) and the mechanism of action involved. Methods: Forty healthy general-grade rabbits were divided into a normal control group, model group, acupuncture group, and laser needle-knife group (n = 10 rabbits per group), and the CSA rabbit model was established in all but groups but the normal control group. CSA model rabbits in the acupuncture group were treated by acupuncture at the Fengchi (GB 20) and Cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2) points, whereas rabbits in the laser needle-knife group were treated with laser needle-knife targeting the Jiaji points near the C5 spinous process. Rabbits in the normal control and model groups were fixed using similar methods. Behavioral characteristics of all rabbits were evaluated before and after treatment. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) of the right carotid and vertebral arteries in each group were examined using beside B ultrasound, and PI-3K, AKT, VEGF mRNA expression in vertebral arteries were determined by real-time PCR. Results: The behavioral signs of rabbits were improved after treatment in both the acupuncture and laser needle-knife groups. In comparison with control group, PSV of right carotid arteries in acupuncture group and laser needle-knife group were enhanced significantly (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01), PSV of right vertebral arteries in acupuncture group and laser needle-knife group were enhanced significantly too (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). PI-3K mRNA expression in laser needle-knife and acupuncture group was significantly higher than that in control group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). AKT mRNA expression in laser needle-knife and acupuncture group was significantly higher than that in control group (P < 0.01). VEGF mRNA expression in laser needle-knife and acupuncture group was significantly higher than that in control group too (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). No significant differences were found in PI-3K, AKT and VEGF mRNA expression levels among acupuncture and laser needle-knife groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Laser needle-knife could effectively intervene the mRNA expression of PI-3K, AKT and VEGF, this may be one of the mechanisms of the effect of laser needle-knife in treating CSA in rabbits. Keywords: Laser-needle knife, Cervical vertebral artery, Peak systolic velocity, PI-3K, AKT, mRNA expressio

Topics: Biology (General), QH301-705.5
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.12.007
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:24979f2747e44a15880abd746eec35e8
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