10.1080/14686996.2018.1435944

Morphological and optical properties of PdxAg1-x alloy nanoparticles

Abstract

Alloy nanoparticles (NPs) can offer a wide range of opportunities for various applications due to their composition and structure dependent properties such as multifunctionality, electronic heterogeneity, site-specific response, and multiple plasmon resonance bands. In this work, the fabrication of self-assembled PdxAg1-x NPs alloy nanostructures with distinct size, density, shape, and composition is demonstrated via the solid-state dewetting of sputtered Pd/Ag thin films on c-plane sapphire. The initial stage of bilayer dewetting exhibits the nucleation of voids, followed by the expansion of voids and cluster breakdown and finally shape transformation along with the temperature control. Bilayer composition shows a substantial influence on the dewetting such that the overall dewetting is enhanced along with the increased Ag composition, i.e. Pd0.25Ag0.75 > Pd0.5Ag0.5 > Pd0.75Ag0.25. On the other hand, the size and density of NPs can be efficiently controlled by varying the initial thickness of bilayers. Reflectance peaks in UV and near-infrared (NIR) regions and a wide absorption band in the visible region arisen from the surface plasmon resonance are observed in reflectance spectra. The peak intensity depends on the composition of PdxAg1-x NPs and the NIR peaks gradually blue-shift with the size decrement

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oai:doaj.org/article:20a92d66953a4621baa5caea95240cdeLast time updated on 6/3/2019

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