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Table_2_Structural but Not Functional Alterations in Cones in the Absence of the Retinal Disease Protein Retinitis Pigmentosa 2 (RP2) in a Cone-Only Retina.XLS

By Linjing Li (5641751), Kollu N. Rao (6558287) and Hemant Khanna (167305)

Abstract

<p>X-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2 (XLRP2) patients and Rp2<sup>null</sup> mice exhibit severe cone photoreceptor degeneration. However, due to the paucity of cones in mammalian model systems, it is not clear how cones respond to the loss of RP2. Here we have used the Nrl<sup>-/-</sup> mice, which develop a rodless and short wavelength (S) opsin-containing cone-only retina, to generate Rp2<sup>null</sup>::Nrl<sup>-/-</sup> double knock out (Rp2-DKO) mice. We found that the ciliary axoneme and the outer segments (OSs) of the cones were significantly longer with disorganized membrane infoldings as compared to the Nrl<sup>-/-</sup> mice. Additionally, we found misregulation in the expression of the genes related to ophthalmic disease, cell trafficking, and stress-response in the Rp2-DKO mice prior to the onset of cone degeneration. Surprisingly, the loss of RP2 did not affect progressive photoreceptor dysfunction of the Nrl<sup>-/-</sup> mice and the trafficking of S opsin. Our data suggest that RP2 is a negative regulator of cone OS length but does not affect S-opsin trafficking and S-cone function. Our studies also provide a cone-only platform to design cone-targeted therapeutic strategies for X-linked RP2.</p

Topics: Genetics, Genetic Engineering, Biomarkers, Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination), Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics), Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches), Genome Structure and Regulation, Genomics, Genetically Modified Animals, Livestock Cloning, Gene and Molecular Therapy, retinal degeneration, cilia, ciliopathies, photoreceptors, opsin, cone
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fgene.2019.00323.s002
OAI identifier: oai:figshare.com:article/7957262
Provided by: FigShare
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