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Elaboration and characterization of "magenta, cyan, yellow/achromatic" electrochromic thin layers for realizing electro-adjustable macropixels

By Alexia Charron


Cette thèse s’inscrit dans le cadre d’un Programme d’Étude Amont (PEA) dirigé par la DGA et piloté par l’entreprise Nexter-System, consistant à élaborer des "Systèmes de camouflage adaptatifs Vis et IR". Ce projet concerne l’élaboration de macropixels adaptatifs à réflexion modulable. Le projet de recherche avait pour objectif de réaliser des couches minces de polymères électrochromes de couleur magenta, cyan et jaune pouvant commuter dans un état achromatique, afin de les intégrer dans des dispositifs complets tout organique (collaboration LPPI, Université de Cergy-Pontoise) ou hybrides (collaboration CEA Le Ripault). De plus, ces matériaux doivent être stables électrochimiquement et optiquement, et présenter des temps de commutation relativement courts (inférieurs à 10 secondes dans l’idéal).This thesis is incorporated in a project which involves developing electro-adjustable reflection macro-pixels for armored vehicle's adaptative camouflage. The purpose of the research project was creating thin layers of magenta, cyan and yellow electrochromic polymers switchable to an achromatic state, in order to incorporate them in organic or hybrid complete devices. Moreover, these materials had to be electrochemically and optially stable, and had to present a short response time. In order to meet the materials color coordinates of the technical specification, the handgap of the organic semi-conductors has been realized by a particular design of the monomers, either by adding electron-rich or electron-poor groups, or by copolymerization between several co-monomers. According to sought properties and the possibilities offered by the monomers, the pi-conjugated polymers had been synthetized by chemical way (by oxydation or Suzuki or Stille reaction) then deposited by spray-casting, or electrodeposited at the surface of a transparent conductor substrate. The electrochromic thin layers had been electrochemically and spectroelectrochemically studied so as to test their cyclic stability and to determine their color coordinates, their opticl contrast and their response time. The use of ionic liquid EMITFSI for synthesis and electrochemical characterization had been explored, and pointed out a significant improvement of the cyclability of the created magenta, cyan and yellow polymers. The preparation of complete electrochromic devices (with organic or inorganic counterelectrode) has been started and has permitted to realize macro-pixels (2x2cm 2) and then demonstrative plates constituted of 16 macro-pixels (4x4cm 2 for each macropixel, with, in particular, yellow pixels including optimized poly(diphenyldithieno[3,2-b;2'3']thiophene)) with electro-control of the color commutation, constituting the fundamental component of an active surface tor the military vehicle's camouflage

Topics: Polymères conducteurs électroniques, Dispositifs électrochromes, Cyan, Magenta, Jaune, Liquide ionique, Macropixels, Réflexion électromodulable, Electronic conducting polymers, Electrochromic devices, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Ionic liquids
Year: 2016
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