Primate Socialization Revisited: Theoretical and Practical Issues in Social Ontogeny


International audienceSocial ontogeny is described as one component of the general process of ontogeny that refers explicitly and only to the development of an individual. It deals more specifically with the development of behaviors and cognitive abilities necessary for an individual to live in an organized social milieu. Because these aspects of individual development occur within a social group, social ontogeny results in a complex interplay between the individual maturational factors, other genetic factors, and environmental influences, especially those of social partners. Everyone in a group participates in a certain way in the social ontogeny of a new member. This chapter discusses the different approaches that were and are still used to deal with the issue of social development. Some of these approaches are purely descriptive, as in the univariate approach, whereas others attempt to determine the interactive aspects of social development, such as in the index approach. Different new multivariate approaches are also presented as attempts to determine the influences of some of the variables. These multivariate approaches were exemplified with the studies on social ontogeny of gray-cheeked mangabeys and rhesus macaques. They mainly considered two fundamental processes in social ontogeny: (1) building a social behavioral repertoire and (2) building a network of social relationships

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Last time updated on May 20, 2019

This paper was published in HAL - Normandie Université.

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