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Synthèse de Poly(3,4-ethylènedioxythiophène) en milieux dispersants organiques

By Abdulkarim Charba

Abstract

L’objectif de ce travail de thèse était de développer des encres organiques de polymères semi-conducteurs. Il s’est ainsi agi de synthétiser des latex de poly (3,4-éthylènedioxythiophène) (PEDOT) dispersibles en milieux organiques (cyclohexane ou toluène) par polymérisation oxydative de l’EDOT en présence de stabilisant stériques et/ou électrostatiques. Le stabilisant est un polymère fonctionnalisé par une unité ou plusieurs unités fonctionnelles qui peuvent réagir avec la chaîne de PEDOT en croissance assurant ainsi des liaisons covalentes ou électrostatiques entre celui-ci et le stabilisant. La taille des particules de PEDOT est contrôlée par la masse molaire, la concentration et par la fonctionnalité du stabilisant. Le PEDOT obtenu est caractérisé par diffusion de la lumière (DLS), par microscopie électronique à balayage (MEB) microscopie électronique à transmission (TEM) et par des mesures de conductivité.Spherical poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nano-particles with narrow size distribution were prepared in organic dispersant media in the presence of iron(III) chloride FeCl3 or iron(III) dodecylbenzenesulfonate {Fe(DBS)3} as oxidant and a functionalized polyisoprene (ω-R-PI) as a stabilizer. Two kinds of functionalized polyisoprene were used as stabilizers. Pyrrole, fluorene, Thiophene and methylthiophene end caped polyisoprenes were used as reactive stabilizers. Lithium sulfonate end caped polyisoprene was used as steric stabilizer. The effect of the nature of the solvent, the molar mass, the concentration, and the nature of the functional end unit of the stabilizer on the size and morphology of PEDOT particles were investigated. Polyisoprenes containing sulfonate groups were also used as steric/electrostatic stabilizers. By this way, the sulfonate groups act as counter ions for oxidized PEDOT leading to electrostatic attraction between it and the stabilizer, ensuring stabilization of the latex. Four kinds of polyisoprene-based steric electrostatic stabilizers having one or many sulfonate groups were prepared: sulfonate end-capped polyisoprene (PI-SO3Li), partially sulfonated polyisoprene (PIS), polyisoprene grafted to polystyrene sulfonate (PI-g-PSS) and polyisoprene grafted to polyisoprene sulfonate (PI-g-PIS). The effects of the molar mass of the stabilizer and the sulfonate group content on the PEDOT particle morphology were studied.PEDOT samples were characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis and conductivity measurements

Topics: PEDOT, Stabilisant, Polyisoprène, Milieux dispersants organiques, Polymérisation anionique, Conducting polymer, Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), Dispersion polymerization, Stabilizer, Polyisoprene, Anionic polymerization, Nano-particles, Conductivity, TEM, AFM, SEM, DLS
Year: 2011
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Provided by: Theses.fr
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