Prilog metodama za utvrđivanje kvaliteta naselja - grafička metoda

Abstract

Autor izlaže način na koji se mogu ustanoviti različitosti naselja na nekom području. Prihvatajući administrativno date teritorijalne obuhvate, unutar njih razvrstava naselja po statističkoj klasifikaciji. Broj stanovnika (jedan indikator) korelira s aktivnošću stanovništva (drugi indikator) po djelatnostima. Djelatnosti promatra kao A (primarne djelatnosti stanovništva — za poljoprivredno stanovništvo) i B (sekundarne + tercijarne -f kvartarne djelatnosti stanovništva — za nepoljoprivredno stanovništvo). Grafički ih dovodi u korelaciju i verificira polaznu tvrdnju o postojanju pet tipova naselja: za A > B — klasično selo, za A < B, A = B — mješovito selo, za A > B — optimalno selo za date uvjete prostora, za A < B, A = B — mješovito gradsko naselje (od mješovitog sela se razlikuje zbog veće razlike između A i B, radi veće količine koncentracije ljudi i aktivnosti), i za A < B — grad (razlika između A i B je tako drastična da nema dileme da se radi o gradu). Naime, odnos krive A i krive B pokazuje eksplicitno pet kvalitetno različitih intervala veličinskih klasa naselja, unutar kojih je poimenično moguće ustanoviti naselja koja ih čine. Na taj način se jasno dobija i globalna mreža naselja, kao i stupanj i razlog transformiranosti naselja nekog područja.The author shows a way in which to establish differences between settlements in a region. Accepting administrativery given territorial encirclements, within them she classifies settlement statistically. She correlates the number of inhabitants (one indicator) with their activity (second indicator) in various fields. She considers activities as A (primary activity of the population — for the agricultural population) and B (secondary + tertiary + + quarterly activities of the population — for the non- -agricultural population). Graphically she brings them into correlation and verifies the starting postulate about the existence of five types of setlement: for A > B — a classical village, for A < B, A = B — a part-time village, for A > B — an optimal village for the given conditions of the region, for A < B, A = B — a part-time urban settlement (differs from the part-time village in the greater difference between A and B, which results from the greater concentration of people and activities), and for A < B — a town (the difference between A and B is so drastic that there is no doubt it is a town). The relationship between the A and B curves explicitly shows five qualitatively different intervals of class of settlement according to size, inside which it is possible to establish the settlements that they are comprised of. In that way a global network of settlements is also clearly obtained, and the degree and reason for the transformation of settlements in a region

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