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Surface mapping for visualisation of wall stresses during inhalation in a human nasal cavity

By K Inthavong, Y Shang and J Tu


Airflow analysis can assist in better understanding the physiology however the human nasal cavity is an extremely complicated geometry that is difficult to visualize in 3D space, let alone in 2D space. In this paper, an anatomically accurate 3D surface of the nasal passages derived from CT data was unwrapped and transformed into a 2D space, into a UV-domain (where u and v are the coordinates) to allow a complete view of the entire wrapped surface. This visualization technique allows surface flow parameters to be analyzed with greater precision. A UV-unwrapping tool is developed and a strategy is presented to allow deeper analysis to be performed. This includes (i) the ability to present instant comparisons of geometry and flow variables between any number of different nasal cavity models through normalization of the 2D unwrapped surface; (ii) visualization of an entire surface in one view and; (iii) a planar surface that allows direct 1D and 2D analytical solutions of diffusion of inhaled vapors and particles through the nasal walls. This work lays a foundation for future investigations that correlates adverse and therapeutic health responses to local inhalation of gases and particles

Topics: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation, Surface map, wall shear stress, nasal cavity, CFD, inhalation
Publisher: Elsevier BV (Netherlands)
Year: 2014
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