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Coating with artificial matrices from collagen and sulfated hyaluronan influences the osseointegration of dental implants

By Matthias C Schulz, Paula Korn, Bernd Stadlinger, Ursula Range, Stephanie Möller, Jana Becher, Matthias Schnabelrauch, Ronald Mai, Dieter Scharnweber, Uwe Eckelt and Vera Hintze

Abstract

Dental implants are an established therapy for oral rehabilitation. High success rates are achieved in healthy bone, however, these rates decrease in compromised host bone. Coating of dental implants with components of the extracellular matrix is a promising approach to enhance osseointegration in compromised peri-implant bone. Dental titanium implants were coated with an artificial extracellular matrix (aECM) consisting of collagen type I and either one of two regioselectively low sulfated hyaluronan (sHA) derivatives (coll/sHA1Δ6s and coll/sHA1) and compared to commercial pure titanium implants (control). After extraction of the premolar teeth, 36 implants were inserted into the maxilla of 6 miniature pigs (6 implants per maxilla). The healing periods were 4 and 8 weeks, respectively. After animal sacrifice, the samples were evaluated histomorphologically and histomorphometrically. All surface states led to a sufficient implant osseointegration after 4 and 8 weeks. Inflammatory or foreign body reactions could not be observed. After 4 weeks of healing, implants coated with coll/sHA1Δ6s showed the highest bone implant contact (BIC; coll/sHA1Δ6s: 45.4 %; coll/sHA1: 42.2 %; control: 42.3 %). After 8 weeks, a decrease of BIC could be observed for coll/sHA1Δ6s and controls (coll/sHA1Δ6s: 37.3 %; control: 31.7 %). For implants coated with coll/sHA1, the bone implant contact increased (coll/sHA1: 50.8 %). Statistically significant differences could not be observed. Within the limits of the current study, aECM coatings containing low sHA increase peri-implant bone formation around dental implants in maxillary bone compared to controls in the early healing period

Topics: Division of Surgical Research, Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 610 Medicine & health
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s10856-013-5066-3
OAI identifier: oai:www.zora.uzh.ch:89584
Provided by: ZORA
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