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Reproducing the supershear portion of the 2002 Denali earthquake rupture in laboratory

By M. Mello, H. S. Bhat, A. J. Rosakis and H. Kanamori

Abstract

A notable feature of the 2002 View the M_w 7.9 Denali, Alaska, earthquake was that a unique set of near-field seismic ground motion records, at Pump Station 10 (PS10), captured the passage of a supershear rupture followed by what was surmised to be a secondary slip pulse, ‘Trailing Rayleigh Pulse’ (Dunham and Archuleta, 2004 and Mello et al., 2010). Motivated by the unique features contained in these near-field ground motion records, which were obtained only 3 km away from the fault, a series of scaled laboratory earthquake experiments was conducted in an attempt to replicate the dominant features of the PS10 ground motion signatures. Particle velocity records bearing a striking similarity to the Denali ground motion records are presented and discussed. The success of the comparison opens up the possibility of routinely generating near source ground motion records in a scaled and controlled laboratory setting that could be of great societal interest towards assessing seismic hazard from large and potentially devastating earthquakes

Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:authors.library.caltech.edu:44289
Provided by: Caltech Authors

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