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Pushed or pulled? Understanding fishery exit in a welfare society context

By Jahn Petter Johnsen and Jostein Vik

Abstract

For a long time the number of fishers in Norway has declined. Is the decline the result of an increasingly difficult situation for Norwegian fishers or can other factors have had an impact? Or in other words: are fishers pushed out or pulled out of the fisheries? Our analyses are based on a survey among retired fishers and suggest several reasons for exit: in addition to structural push and pull factors we also find reasons that are connected more to change in social and cultural values than economic value. Our point is that we cannot understand why Norwegian fishers are leaving the fisheries without taking the broader societal context into consideration. Our results show that fisheries and marine industry policies for recruitment and employment will have to take the pull from other industries and the comprehensive welfare state into consideration. Keywords: Fisheries change, Modernisation, Welfare syste

Topics: VDP::Agriculture and fishery disciplines: 900::Fisheries science: 920::Resource biology: 921, VDP::Landbruks- og Fiskerifag: 900::Fiskerifag: 920::Ressursbiologi: 921
Publisher: SISWO (The Netherlands Universities' Social Research Centre)
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1186/2212-9790-12-4
OAI identifier: oai:www.ub.uit.no:10037/5963
Journal:

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