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Palynology of the Toarcian–Aalenian Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point\ud (GSSP) at Fuentelsaz (Lower–Middle Jurassic, Iberian Range, Spain)

By Eduardo Barrón López, María Soledad Ureta Gil, Antonio Goy and Luis Lassaleta Coto

Abstract

The Fuentelsaz Section is located in the Castilian Branch of the Iberian Range (Guadalajara, Spain). Its\ud exceptional Lower–Middle Jurassic transition outcrops led to its designation as the Global Boundary\ud Stratotype Section and Point for the base of the Aalenian. The sediments of the Toarcian–Aalenian transition\ud at Fuentelsaz are composed of marls with interbedded limestones in rhythmic alternation. Marls are\ud dominant in the Toarcian and the Opalinum Zone up to the middle part of the Comptum Subzone. In the\ud remaining Comptum Subzone, marly materials are scarce and limestones predominate. Sedimentation at\ud Fuentelsaz took place over an extensive marine epeiric carbonate platform that was well connected with the\ud open sea. In the Fuentelsaz Section, a total of 43 palynomorph taxa were recorded: 23 spore taxa, 13 pollen\ud taxa, 4 acritarchs, 2 prasinophytes and 1 dinoflagellate cyst. The studied sediment samples were always\ud dominated by terrestrial allochthonous miospores. In general, miospore assemblages are biased due to the\ud transport of pollen from land or islands to the continental platform. Spheripollenites, Classopollis or indeed\ud both pollens numerically dominate the assemblages. Other miospores appear in low numbers. Aquatic\ud palynomorphs are also scarce; Micrhystridium lymensis is the most common. Five palynological assemblages\ud (PA) were distinguished: PA1, PA2 and PA3 are Toarcian in age, PA4 is located at the boundary between the\ud Toarcian and the Aalenian and PA5. This latter palynological assemblage which is lower Aalenian in age\ud shows a strong reduction in palynomorph diversity and preservation in the Comptum Subzone.\ud Palaeoecological analysis of the palynomorphs indicated the presence of calm, oligotrophic sea water. The\ud palaeofloral communities of gymnosperms and vascular cryptogams—which grew in subtropical arid\ud conditions—were poorly diversified

Topics: Paleontología
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2010.04.003
OAI identifier: oai:www.ucm.es:16616
Provided by: EPrints Complutense

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