Location of Repository

Suppressing the Diversity of the ‘Other’: The nature, extent and impact of racism experienced by visible ethnic minority residents in rural southeast Scotland

By Brian Plastow

Abstract

In recent years a growing body of academic research has identified the distinct phenomenon of rural racism. Despite this, the problem is largely unknown outside of academia and therefore those charged with a General Duty to promote effective race relations in the rural are often ‘blind’ to the problem. At the heart of the issue is the social and cultural conflation of notions of the rural as a problem free traditional ‘white landscape’ and the exercise of power and prejudice over those constructed as ‘other’.\ud Whilst the Scottish Government has recognised the significant issue of racism in Scotland, the paucity of research means that little is known about the exact ‘nature’, ‘extent’ and ‘impact’ of the problem within specific rural localities. Accordingly, this research explores those key variables within five distinct rural areas of southeast Scotland and reveals how the process of ‘othering’ works to exclude and marginalise visible ethnic minorities by actively suppressing their diversity.\ud The research methodology involved both qualitative and quantitative aspects and included a public attitudes survey questionnaire and focus groups with white residents, analysis of racial incidents reported to the police, a quality of life survey questionnaire and interviews with visible ethnic minorities who had been victims of racism. This analysis was conducted against an analytical framework provided by Philo’s (1992) ‘othering theory’.\ud The research findings reveal a disturbing, complex and multi-dimensional landscape of endemic racism within rural southeast Scotland that has a profound impact on victims. In doing so, it also reveals and challenges the shifting lens of ‘agency’ and ‘state’ as the advocacy of multiculturalism so embraced after Macpherson has now apparently come to be seen as ‘yesterdays news’ through new post 7/7 state racisms which appear to reconstitute certain ethnic minority communities as a ‘problem’ that now requires to be ‘controlled’

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/8985

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1993). (eds) Place and the politics of identity,
  2. (2002). (untitled personal reflection) in
  3. (1988). A Sociological Perspective on Secondary Analysis‟,
  4. (1988). Action on Racial Harassment: Legal Remedies and Local Authorities, London: Legal Action Group and London Housing Authority.
  5. (1991). An Inside Job: Policing and Police Culture in Britain,
  6. (2004). Analysis of Ethnicity
  7. (2009). Annual Statistical Returns on Racist Incidents from the Scottish Police Service,
  8. (2008). Attitudes Survey Questionnaire 2. Example of Quality of Life Survey Research Survey Attitudes to Discrimination in southeast Scotland
  9. (2003). Attitudes to Discrimination in Scotland, Edinburgh: Scottish Executive Social Research.
  10. (2003). Authoring a PhD: How to Plan, Draft, Write and Finish a Doctorial Thesis or Dissertation,
  11. (2002). Being Scottish,
  12. (1995). Beyond the Masks: Race, Gender and Subjectivity,
  13. (1985). Black Magistrates: a Study of Selection and Appointments,
  14. (1989). Black-people, white landscape‟. Town and Country Planning,
  15. (2010). Blacks and Asians seven times more likely to be stopped and searched‟,
  16. (2009). Breaking the Prejudice Habit: Allport‟s “Inner Conflict” Revisited‟
  17. (2002). British Social Attitudes: The 19 th Report,
  18. (2007). Burning issues: whiteness, rurality and the politics of difference‟,
  19. (1999). Challenging Racism in the Rural Idyll, London: National Association of Citizens Advice Bureaux.
  20. (2000). Code of Practice on reporting and recording racist incidents in response to recommendation 15 of the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Report,
  21. Commission for Racial Equality (2005) Independent review into policing and race relations in
  22. (2003). Commission for Racial Equality (CRE)
  23. (2006). Commission for Rural Communities (2007) The State of the Countryside
  24. (1963). Community and Society,
  25. (2005). Community Cohesion: a new framework for race and diversity,
  26. (2001). Community Pride not Prejudice,
  27. (2001). Community, Crime and Disorder: Safety and Regeneration in Urban Neighbourhoods.
  28. (2006). Conceptualizing rurality‟, in
  29. (2008). Contemporary British Fascism:
  30. (1997). Contested Countryside Cultures: otherness, Marginalisation, and Rurality.
  31. (1998). Crime Prevention & Community Safety: Politics, Policies & Practices,
  32. (2002). Crime Prevention and Community Safety:
  33. (2001). Crime, Policing and Justice:
  34. (2000). Crime, risk and insecurity,
  35. (1996). Criminalisation and Racialisation‟
  36. (1986). Critical Criminology and Some Limitations of Traditional Inquiry‟
  37. (2010). Defence Leagues humiliated in Edinburgh‟,
  38. (1992). Deprivation and Lifestyles in Rural Wales‟,
  39. (1998). Divided Society: Ethnic Minorities and Racism in
  40. (2004). England‟s green and pleasant land? Examining racist prejudice in a rural context‟,
  41. (1995). Environment heritage and multiculturalism‟, Interpretation:
  42. (2008). Equalities Action Group
  43. (1996). Ethnic Minorities, Victimisation and Racial Harassment,
  44. (1997). Ethnicity and the Rural Environment‟,
  45. (2004). Experiences in ethnographic interviewing about race: The inside and outside of it
  46. (2006). Exploring the distinctiveness of racism in rural Wales‟
  47. (1983). Factor Analysis,
  48. (1972). Folk Devils and Moral Panics. MacGibbon and Kee:
  49. (1997). From The Power of Topography To The Topography Of Power‟,
  50. (2006). Gender and sexuality in rural communities‟,
  51. (1995). Geographies of Exclusion: Society and Difference in the West.
  52. (2001). Going Organic‟, Observer Food Monthly,
  53. (2008). Handbook of Rural Studies, London: Sage. Lothian and Borders Police
  54. (2006). Handbook of Rural Studies.
  55. (2009). Hate Crime: Impact, Causes and Responses,
  56. (2001). Hate crimes hurt more‟,
  57. (2003). Hatred Repackaged‟: The Rise of the British National Party and Antisemitism‟,
  58. (2009). Hidden from Public View: Racism against the United Kingdom Chinese Population,
  59. (1997). Hidden From View: Poverty and Marginalisation in Rural Britain‟,
  60. (1998). How Scotland is Owned,
  61. (2009). http://www.visitscotland.com
  62. (2004). Hunting and Hegemony in the Highlands of Scotland: A Study of the ideology of landscapes and landownership, Noragric Working Paper No 36, Oslo: Agricultural
  63. (2006). Idyllic ruralities‟, in
  64. (1994). Ill Fares the Land. A Sustainable Land Ethic for the Sporting Estates of the Highlands and Islands. Edinburgh: Scottish Natural Heritage.
  65. (1996). In Search of England: Popular Representations of Englishness and the English Countryside,
  66. (2002). In search of tolerance, in
  67. (2006). Inclusions/exclusions in rural space‟,
  68. (1989). Introduction‟,
  69. (2006). It goes without saying (well, sometimes)‟: racism, Whiteness and identity in Northern Ireland‟,
  70. (1993). It‟s great to have someone to talk to” – or is it? The feminist process of research‟,
  71. (2004). John O‟Groats to Land‟s End: racial equality in rural Britain?‟
  72. (1992). Keep Them in Birmingham‟: Challenging Racism in South West England. London: Commission for Racial Equality.
  73. (2006). Landscapes of desires?‟, in
  74. (2002). Landscapes of Scottishness‟ in
  75. (2006). Let‟s keep our heads down and maybe the problem will go away‟, in
  76. (1994). Long Walk to Freedom,
  77. (1997). Mans Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race,
  78. (2002). Measuring Attitudes‟,
  79. (1998). Middle-Class Mobility, Rural Communities and the Politics of Exclusion‟,
  80. (2002). Mountains and a Train‟ in
  81. (1998). Multiple Victimisation‟
  82. (2001). Needs not numbers: An Exploration of Minority Ethnic Communities in Scotland. London: Commission for Racial Equality and Community Development Foundation.
  83. (1992). Neglected Rural Geographies: A Review‟,
  84. (1994). Not In Norfolk: Tackling The Invisibility of Racism. Norwich: Norwich and Norfolk Racial Equality Council.
  85. (1997). Of Other Rurals‟,
  86. (2009). On the Nature of Prejudice: fifty years after Allport,
  87. (1983). Organisational Control and Semiotics‟
  88. (1963). Our Adult World and its Roots in Infancy,
  89. (2004). Outsiders within: the reality of rural racism‟,
  90. (2003). Paranoia, Ambivalence and Discursive Practices: Concepts of Position and Positioning
  91. (2006). Pathways in the sociology of rural knowledge‟,
  92. (1998). Perspectives in Sociology,
  93. (1983). Police and People
  94. (2007). Policing beyond Macpherson: Issues in policing, race and society,
  95. (1999). Policing Citizens,
  96. (1989). Policing Racism‟
  97. (2004). Policing, Race and Racism,
  98. (2010). Polish Families and Migration Since EU Accession,
  99. (2008). Preventing Violent Extremism: A Strategy for Delivery, London: Home Office.
  100. (2007). Protean Times?‟ Exploring the Relationship Between Policing, Community and Identity in Rural England‟, Criminology and Criminal Justice:
  101. (2000). Putting Together Rurality: Media Producers and the Social Construction of the Countryside. Unpublished PhD thesis,
  102. (2002). Qualitative Interviewing and Ethnography‟,
  103. (2002). Qualitative Interviewing‟
  104. (2009). Race and Criminal
  105. (1991). Race Equality in
  106. (1989). Race Relations in Prison, Oxford:
  107. (2006). Race, Terror and Civil Society‟
  108. (2006). Race', space and place: examining identity and cultures of exclusion in rural England',
  109. (2009). Race‟ and Sport: Critical Race Theory,
  110. (2000). Racial Harassment: Action on the Ground.
  111. (1997). Racial Harassment‟ in
  112. (1995). Racial Violence and Harassment,
  113. (2001). Racism and Anti-Racism in Football.
  114. (1982). Racism and Migrant Labour,
  115. (1996). Racism and Society,
  116. (2006). Racism: Second Edition,
  117. (2005). Racist attacks on the rise in rural Britain‟,
  118. (1993). Racist Culture,
  119. (2008). racist incident trends in Fife, unpublished [held by author].
  120. (2004). Racist Victimisation, Community Safety and the Rural: Issues and Challenges‟,
  121. (2006). Recognising and responding to victims of rural racism',
  122. (1994). Reconstituting Rurality: Class,
  123. (2003). Researching „Race‟ and Ethnicity: Methods, Knowledge and Power,
  124. (2004). Researching Race and Racism,
  125. (2001). Researching Social Life,
  126. (2006). Rethinking rural race equality‟: „Early interventions, continuities and changes‟,
  127. (2007). Revisiting the rural/race debates: a view from the Welsh countryside‟,
  128. (2004). Rural and Urban Classification, Edinburgh: Geographical Information Service.
  129. (1989). Rural geography and political
  130. (2009). Rural Identities: Ethnicity and Community in the Contemporary English Countryside,
  131. (2002). Rural landscapes, racism and representation: examining multicultural citizenship and policy-making
  132. (1999). Rural Neglect: The Case Against Criminology‟,
  133. (1999). Rural Racism in the UK: Examples of Community-Based Responses. London: Community Development Foundation.
  134. (2004). Rural Racism,
  135. (2006). Rural Society‟, in
  136. (1980). Rural sociology: trend report‟,
  137. (2006). Rural space: constructing a three-fold architecture‟, in
  138. (2006). Rurality and otherness‟,
  139. (2004). Rurality and racialised others: out of place in the countryside?‟,
  140. (2002). Scottish Social Attitudes Survey. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive.
  141. (1982). Secondary Analysis in Social Research,
  142. (2000). Secure Foundations: Key Issues in Crime Prevention, Crime Reduction and Community Safety, London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
  143. (2010). Single Equality Act,
  144. (1998). Social Exclusion
  145. (2000). Social Exclusion in Rural Areas: A literature Review and Conceptual Framework, Edinburgh: Scottish Executive Central Research Unit.
  146. (1999). Social Inclusion: Opening the Door to a better Scotland: Edinburgh: Scottish Office.
  147. (2001). SPSS Survival Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS for Windows, Milton Keynes :
  148. (1984). Staying Power: The History of Black People in
  149. (2002). Tackling the Invisible Problem? An Examination of the Provision of Services to Victims of Racial Harassment in Rural Suffolk. Leicester: Scarman Centre,
  150. (2000). The climbing body, nature and the experience of modernity‟,
  151. (1996). The concept of social exclusion and the new Durkheimian hegemony,
  152. (1994). The Countryside Ideal: Anglo-American Images of Landscape.
  153. (2007). The End of Tolerance: Racism
  154. (1987). The European Tribe,
  155. (2001). The Hidden Truth Behind Race Crimes in
  156. (1988). The Ideology of Racism,
  157. (2000). The Idiom of Race‟,
  158. (1929). The Mind of the Savage,
  159. (1979). The Nature of Prejudice,
  160. (2006). The New Countryside?: Ethnicity, nation and exclusion in contemporary rural Britain.
  161. (1980). The Patterns of Landholding
  162. (1983). The Problem of Sociology,
  163. (1992). The Production of Space,
  164. (1970). The Research Act,
  165. (1999). The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry,
  166. (1972). The wild man‟s revenge‟, in
  167. (2000). Theories of Race and Racism,
  168. (2002). There Ain‟t No Black in the Union Jack,
  169. (2006). Variations on the rural idyll‟, in
  170. (2006). Violent Racism, Victimization, Policing and Social Context, Oxford:
  171. (1998). Violent Racism: Victimisation, policing and social context. Oxford:
  172. (1999). We Can‟t All Be White! Racist Victimisation in the UK.
  173. (2004). We hate the English, except for you, cos you‟re our pal: identification of the English in Scotland‟,
  174. (1999). We Shoot Them at Newark!” The Work of the Lincolnshire Forum for Racial Justice‟,
  175. (1996). White Settlers. Luxembourg: Harwood Academy.
  176. (1996). Who owns
  177. (2007). Who‟s that with Charlie?‟,
  178. (2002). Why We Hate,
  179. (1996). Women and the Rural Idyll‟,
  180. (1992). Working With Rural Communities,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.