Location of Repository

From crystal to crust: the Proterozoic crustal evolution of southwest Norway

By Nicholas Michael William Roberts


The geology of the Suldal Sector, southwest Norway, comprises exposures from three orogenic periods; the Telemarkian, Sveconorwegian and Caledonian. Telemarkian (~1500 Ma) basement rocks are interpreted to be the oldest crust in the region; these are intruded by Sveconorwegian granitoid intrusions (~1070-930 Ma). Crystalline nappe units overlie the Mesoproterozoic basement, and from reconnaissance U-Pb dating and zircon hafnium isotopes, are believed to comprise slices of the Mesoproterozoic Norwegian continental margin. \ud The Telemarkian basement comprises meta-plutonic/volcanic lithologies that represent the deformed upper crustal section of a continental arc - the Suldal Arc; U-Pb dating suggests this arc was active from ~1520 to 1475 Ma. Whole-rock geochemistry and hafnium and oxygen isotopes measured in zircon, suggest that arc magmatism recycled older continental crust (20-50% contribution) that had been mixed with mantle-derived material in the lower crust; the older crustal component comprised late-Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary material derived from the Fennoscandian continent. During the arc’s evolution, dehydration of mafic source magma induced by heat from magmatic underplating, and subsequent melting of dehydrated crust enhanced by asthenospheric upwelling, allowed for the intrusion of iron-enriched tholeiitic magmas. The Suldal arc and by extension, the Telemarkia terrane, represent the last stages of continental crust formation within a retreating accretionary orogen that was active since ~1.8 Ga. \ud Based on whole-rock geochemistry, U-Pb, hafnium and oxygen isotopes in zircon, Sveconorwegian granite suites formed between 1.07 and 0.92 Ga, and are largely derived from ~1.5 Ga mafic lower crust with a limited contribution of juvenile mantle-derived material. The geodynamic setting of granitic magmatism evolved from supra-subduction, to overthickened crust, to thinned crust with possible lithospheric delamination. The varying geochemistry of the granite suites (I- to A-type) is controlled not by geodynamic setting, but dominantly by water content in the magma source. Sveconorwegian deformation in the Suldal Sector is bracketed between ~1069 and ~1047 Ma by intrusions of the Storlivatnet plutonic complex

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/8954

Suggested articles



  1. (2002). 1.05-1.01 Ga Sveconorwegian metamorphism and deformation of the supracrustal sequence at Sæsvatn, South Norway: Re-Os dating of Cu-Mo mineral occurrences. In:
  2. (1998). 1.3 Ga anorogenic magmatism in Southwest Sweden.
  3. (2004). 1.8-1.5-Ga links between the North and South Australian Cratons and the Early-Middle Proterozoic configuration of Australia.
  4. (2007). 1600-1500 Ma hotspot track in eastern Australia: Implications for Mesoproterozoic continental reconstructions.
  5. (2005). 4.4 billion years of crustal maturation: Oxygen isotope ratios of magmatic zircon. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  6. (2008). A 1.78 Ga large igneous province in the North China craton: The Xiong'er Volcanic Province and the North China dyke swarm.
  7. (2008). A cryptic record of magma mixing in diorites revealed by high-precision SIMS oxygen isotope analysis of zircons.
  8. (2006). A detailed geochemical study of island arc crust: The Talkeetna Arc section, south-central Alaska.
  9. (2008). A four-phase model for the Sveconorwegian orogeny,
  10. (2001). A Geochemical Classification for Granitic Rocks.
  11. (1971). A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks.
  12. (1997). A highly effective emitter substance for mass spectrometric Pb isotope ratio determinations.
  13. (1973). A low-contamination method for hydrothermal decomposition of zircon and extraction of U and Pb for isotopic age determinations.
  14. (1968). A model for the evolution of strontium and lead isotopes in a dynamic Earth Reviews in
  15. (2004). A Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent: Assembly, growth and breakup.
  16. (2000). A possible basement to the Mesoproterozoic quartzites on Hardangervidda, South-central Norway: zircon U-Pb geochronology of a migmatitic gneiss.
  17. (2005). A preliminary appraisal of seven natural zircon reference materials for in situ Hf isotope determination.
  18. (1974). A preliminary Rb/Sr geochronological study of the Hardangervidda-Ryfylke nappe system in the Røldal area, south Norway. Norsk geologisk tidsskrift 54,
  19. (1976). A Rb-Sr isochron age on metaandesites from Skorpehei, Suldal, south Norway.
  20. (1979). A Rb-Sr study of a possible Precambrian thrust zone, Hardangervidda-Ryfylke Nappe complex, southwest Norway.
  21. (1975). A Rb-Sr whole rock isochron date on an igneous rock-body from the Stavanger area, South Norway.
  22. (1999). A review of the relationships between granitoid types, their origins and their geodynamic environments.
  23. (1981). A routine high-precision method for Lu-Hf isotope geochemistry and chronology.
  24. (2008). A study of rare earth element (REE)-SiO2 variations in felsic liquids generated by basalt fractionation and amphibolite melting: A potential test for discriminating between the two different processes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  25. (1975). A tectonic model for the central part of the Scandinavian Caledonides.
  26. (1985). A tectonic model for the eugeoclinal terranes in the central Scandinavian Caledonides.
  27. (2007). A-type granites and related rocks: Evolution of a concept, problems and prospects.
  28. (2006). A-type granites of crustal origin ultimately result from open-system fenitization-type reactions in an extensional environment.
  29. (1991). A-type granites revisited: assessment of a residualsource model.
  30. (1987). A-type granites: geochemical characteristics, discrimination and petrogenesis.
  31. (1996). Accretion, rifting, rotation and collision in the North Atlantic supercontinent,
  32. (2009). Accretionary orogens through Earth history.
  33. (2008). Age and origin of the Mesoproterozoic basement of the Nesodden Peninsula, SE Norway, A geochronological and isotopic study. Unpublished Masters Thesis.
  34. (1990). Age of the Önnestad syenite and some gneissic granites along the southern part of the Protogine Zone, southern Sweden.
  35. (2004). Age, provenance and tectonostratigraphic status of the Mesoproterozoic Blefjell quartzite, Telemark sector, southern Norway.
  36. (2003). Alpha-recoil in U-Pb geochronology: Effective sample size matters.
  37. (1982). An evolutionary model for the southwest Norwegian Caledonides.
  38. (1995). An experimental study of the influence of oxygen fugacity on Fe-Ti oxide stability, phase relations, and mineral-melt equilibria in ferro-basaltic systems.
  39. (1985). An introduction to the structure of the Scandinavian Caledonides.
  40. (1989). An open boundary between lower continental crust and mantle: its role in crust formation and crustal recycling.
  41. (1987). An Outline of the Precambrian evolution of the Baltic Shield.
  42. (2008). An uncommon episode of mafic magmatism at 1347 Ma in the Mesoproterozoic Telemark supracrustals, Sveconorwegian orogen-Implications for stratigraphy and tectonic evolution.
  43. (1997). Analysis of zircon by multi-step partial dissolutions: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Geological Association of Canada Annual Meeting, Program with abstracts,
  44. (2009). Arc-continent collisions, sediment recycling and the maintenance of the continental crust.
  45. (2001). Archean blocks and their boundaries in the North China Craton: Lithological, geochemical, structural and P-T path constraints and tectonic evolution.
  46. (2010). Assembling North China Craton within the Columbia supercontinent: The role of double-sided subduction.
  47. (2003). Assembly, accretion and breakup of the Paleomesoproterozoic Columbia supercontinent: Records in the North China Craton.
  48. (2008). Assembly, configuration, and break-up history of Rodinia: A synthesis.
  49. (2005). Assimilation and fractional crystallization controlled by transport process of crustal melt: Implications from an alkali basalt-dacite suite from Rishiri Volcano,
  50. (1984). Assimiliation of crustal material by basaltic magma: strontium isotopic and trace element data from the Edgecumbe volcanic field, SE Alaska.
  51. (2008). Association of Neoproterozoic A- and I-type granites in South China: Implications for generation of A-type granites in a subduction-related environment.
  52. (2002). Attempted break-up of Rodinia at 850 Ma: Geochronological evidence from the Seve-Kalak Superterrane, Scandinavian Caledonides.
  53. (2002). Baltica-Laurentia link during the Mesoproterzoic: 1.27 Ga development of continental basins in the Sveconorwegian Orogen,
  54. (2008). Basement-cover relationships of the Kalak Nappe Complex, Arctic Norwegian Caledonides and constraints on Neoproterozoic terrane assembly in the North Atlantic region.
  55. (1998). Bedrock geology map,
  56. (1996). Behavior of hafnium and neodymium isotopes in the crust: constraints from Precambrian crustally derived granites.
  57. (2003). Cambrian sediments and Proterozoic granites in the DividalenTorneträsk area, northern Scandinavia: Palaeomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology.
  58. (2008). Can crystallization of olivine tholeiite give rise to potassic rhyolites? - An experimental investigation.
  59. (1989). Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes.
  60. (2000). Chemical discrimination of Columbia River basalt flows.
  61. (2008). Columbia revisited: Paleomagnetic results from the 1790 Ma colider volcanics
  62. (2006). Common lead-corrected laser ablation ICP-MS U-Pb systematics and geochronology of titanite.
  63. (2003). Common-Pb corrected in situ U-Pb accessory mineral geochronology by LA-MC-ICP-MS.
  64. (2008). Comparing 1800-1600 Ma accretionary and basin processes in Australia and Laurentia: Possible geographic connections in Columbia.
  65. (2000). Comparing the drift of Laurentia and Baltica in the Proterozoic: the importance of key palaeomagnetic poles.
  66. (2005). Comparison of proterozoic and phanerozoic rift-related basaltic-granitic magmatism.
  67. (2003). Composition of the continental crust.
  68. (2004). Composition of the depleted mantle.
  69. (2002). Configuration of Columbia, a Mesoproterozoic Supercontinent.
  70. (2008). Configuration of the Late Paleoproterozoic supercontinent Columbia: Insights from radiating mafic dyke swarms.
  71. (1996). Constraints on early Earth differentiation from hafnium and neodymium isotopes.
  72. (2007). Constraints on incipient charnockite formation from zircon geochronology and rare earth element characteristics. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  73. (1996). Contiguous Laurentia and Baltica before the Grenvillian-Sveconorwegian orogeny?
  74. (1983). Continental flood basalts...arachnids
  75. (2002). Continental growth during a 1.9-Ga superplume event.
  76. (2005). Continental recycling: The oxygen isotope point of view.
  77. (2009). Continental versus crustal growth: Resolving the paradox.
  78. (1998). Contrasting magmatic arcs in the Palaeoproterozoic of the south-western Baltic Shield.
  79. (2008). Contrasting origins of Cenozoic silicic volcanic rocks from the western Cordillera of the United States.
  80. (1995). Contrasting U-Pb Ages for the Risberget Augen Gneiss in the Norwegian Caledonides: Getting to the root of the problem.
  81. (1990). Controls on oxidation-reduction relations in magmas.
  82. (2001). Correlation of supracrustal sequences and origin of terranes in the Sveconorwegian orogen of SW Scandinavia: SIMS data on zircon in clastic metasediments.
  83. (2009). Correlations and reconstruction models for the 2500-1500 Ma evolution of the Mawson Continent.
  84. (1985). Correlations between the Grenville province and Sveconorwegian orogenic belt -implications for Proterozoic evolution of the southern margins of the Canadian and Baltic Shields.
  85. (1994). Crustal contamination processes traced by helium isotopes:
  86. (1988). Crustal contributions to arc magmatism in the Andes of Central Chile. Contributions to Mineralogy and
  87. (2009). Crustal evolution and recycling in a juvenile continent: Oxygen isotope ratio of zircon in the northern Arabian Nubian Shield.
  88. (2002). Crustal Evolution in the SW part of the Baltic Shield: the Hf Isotope Evidence.
  89. (2007). Crustal recycling at modern subduction zones applied to the pastissues of growth and preservation of continental basement crust, mantle geochemistry, and supercontinent reconstruction.
  90. (1986). Crustal residence ages of clastic sediments, orogeny and continental evolution.
  91. (2005). Dating the growth of oceanic crust at a slow-spreading ridge.
  92. (2009). Depleted mantle evolution and how it is recorded in zircon.
  93. (2001). Depositional and tectonic setting of the Paleoproterozoic Lower Aillik Group, Makkovik Province, Canada: Evolution of a passive margin-foredeep sequence based on petrochemistry and U-Pb (TIMS and LAM-ICP-MS) geochronology.
  94. (1996). Derivation of A-type granites from a dehydrated charnockitic lower crust: Evidence from the Chaelundi Complex,
  95. (2007). Derivation of isotope ratios, errors, and error correlations for U-Pb geochronology using U)-spiked isotope dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometric data.
  96. (1990). Derivation of some modern arc magmas by melting of young subducted lithosphere.
  97. (2003). Derivation of the 1.0-0.9 Ga ferro-potassic A-type granitoids of southern Norway by extreme derivation from basic magmas.
  98. (1997). Detrital zircon ages from southern Norway - implications for the Proterozoic evolution of the southwestern Baltic Shield. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  99. (2010). Detrital zircon evidence for Hf isotopic evolution of granitoid crust and continental growth.
  100. (1999). Detrital zircon geochronology: new evidence for an old model for accretion of the SW Baltic Shield.
  101. (2008). Detrital zircon signature of the Moine Supergroup, Scotland: Contrasts and comparisons with other Neoproterozoic successions within the circumNorth Atlantic region.
  102. (1991). Did the breakout of Laurentia turn Gondwanaland inside-out?
  103. (2005). Discrete ultrahigh-pressure domains in the Western Gneiss Region, Norway: Implications for formation and exhumation.
  104. (1996). Dissolution, growth and survival of zircons during crustal fusion: Kinetic principles, geological models and implications for isotopic inheritance.
  105. (1979). Distribution of rare-earth and other trace elements in magnetites.
  106. (2009). Do Stype granites commonly sample infracrustal sources? New results from an integrated O, U-Pb and Hf isotope study of zircon. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology,
  107. (2003). Do supercontinents introvert or extrovert?: Sm-Nd isotope evidence.
  108. (1994). Ductile and brittle deformation within the Protogine Zone, southern Sweden: A discussion.
  109. (2004). Early Mesoproterozoic tectonic history of the southwestern Grenville Province, Ontario: Constraints from geochemistry and geochronology of high-grade gneisses.
  110. (1994). Early Proterozoic supracrustal rocks west of the Mandal-Ustaoset fault zone, Hardangervidda, South Norway.
  111. (2005). Earth as an Evolving Planetary System.
  112. (2004). Eclogites in the central part of the Sveconorwegian Eastern Segment of the Baltic Shield: support for a Subduction-Extrusion model.
  113. (2006). Effect of water on tholeiitic basalt phase equilibria: An experimental study under oxidizing conditions.
  114. (1999). Emplacement ages and metamorphic overprinting of granitoids in the Sveconorwegian Province in Varmland, Sweden - an ion probe study.
  115. (1998). Episodic continental growth and supercontinents: a mantle avalanche connection?
  116. (2000). Episodic rapakivi magmatism due to distal orogenesis?: Correlation of 1.69-1.50 Ga orogenic and inboard, 'anorogenic' events in the Baltic Shield.
  117. (2002). Evidence of a late Precambrian (637 Ma) deformational event in the Caledonides of northern Sweden.
  118. (1984). Evolution of high-Ca, high-Sr C-series basalts from Grenada, Lesser Antilles: the effects of intra-crustal contamination.
  119. (1976). Evolved lavas from the Snake River Plain:
  120. (1996). Experimental constraints on differentiation and H2O abundance of calc-alkaline magmas.
  121. (2008). Experimental constraints on the effects of pressure and H2O on the fractional crystallization of high-Mg island arc basalt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  122. (2006). Experimental constraints on the Skaergaard liquid line of descent.
  123. (1981). Experimental evidence for the role of accessory phases in magma genesis.
  124. (1993). Experimental investigations of the role of H2O in calc-alkaline differentiation and subduction zone magmatism. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  125. (1994). Experimental study of a jotunite (hypersthene monzodiorite): constraints on the parent magma composition and crystallization conditions (P, T,
  126. (1993). Experimental study of liquid evolution in an Fe-rich, layered mafic intrusion: constraints of Fe-Ti oxide precipitation on the T-fO2 and T-ρ paths of tholeiitic magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  127. (2003). Felsic volcanism in the Kermadec arc, SW Pacific: Crustal recycling in an oceanic setting.
  128. (2000). Ferropicrites: Geochemical evidence for Fe-rich streaks in upwelling mantle plumes.
  129. (1991). Fluid influence on the trace element compositions of subduction zone magmas.
  130. (2009). Formation of planar deformation features (PDFs) in zircon during coseismic faulting and an evaluation of potential effects on U-Pb systematics.
  131. (2008). Formation of supercontinents linked to increases in atmospheric oxygen.
  132. (2005). Formation, crystallization, and migration of melt in the mid-orogenic crust: Muskoka domain migmatites, Grenville Province,
  133. (2003). Fractional crystallization and mantle-melting controls on calc-alkaline differentiation trends. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  134. (1997). From Archaean to Proterozoic on Hardangervidda, South Norway.
  135. (2008). From the early Paleozoic platforms of Baltica and Laurentia to the Caledonide Orogen of Scandinavia and Greenland.
  136. (1997). Generation of metaluminous A-type granites by low-pressure melting of calcalkaline granitoids.
  137. (2008). Genesis of intermediate igneous rocks at the end of the Sveconorwegian (Grenvillian) orogeny (S Norway) and their contribution to intracrustal differentiation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  138. (2008). Genesis of post-hotspot, A-type rhyolite of the Eastern Snake River Plain volcanic field by extreme fractional crystallization of olivine tholeiite.
  139. (1991). Geochemical and geodynamical constraints on subduction zone magmatism.
  140. (1991). Geochemical and isotopic constraints on the nature and age of basement rocks from Rockall Bank,
  141. (1979). Geochemical modeling of mantle differentiation and crustal growth.
  142. (2006). Geochemical secular variation of magma source during Early to Middle Miocene time in the Niigata area, NE Japan: Asthenospheric mantle upwelling during back-arc basin opening.
  143. (1997). Geochemistry and tectonic significance of late Gothian mafic dykes in the ØstfoldMarstrand
  144. (2002). Geochemistry of late Mesoproterozoic volcanism in southwestern Scandinavia: implications for Sveconorwegian/Grenvillian plate tectonics models.
  145. (2006). Geochemistry of silicic magmas in the Macolod Corridor, SW Luzon, Philippines: Evidence of distinct, mantle-derived, crustal sources for silicic magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  146. (1985). Geochemistry, geochronology and tectonic setting of the Proterozoic Telemark supracrustals, southern Norway. Unpublished PhD thesis,
  147. (2008). Geochemistry, isotope systematics and petrogenesis of the volcanic rocks in the Zhongtiao Mountain: An alternative interpretation for the evolution of the southern margin of the North China Craton.
  148. (2009). Geochemistry: A matter of preservation.
  149. (1990). Geochronological constraints on mid-Proterozoic magmatism in the Østfold-Marstrand belt; implications for crustal evolution in southwest Sweden.
  150. (2003). Geochronology and petrology of the Tielma Magmatic Complex, northern Swedish Caledonides - Results and tectonic implications.
  151. (1997). Geochronology and structural setting of the 1.38 Ga Torpa granite; implications for charnockite formation in SW Sweden.
  152. (2009). Geochronology of magmatism in the Caledonian and Sveconorwegian belts of Baltica: Synopsis for detrital zircon provenance studies.
  153. (2000). Geologic transect across the Grenville orogen of Ontario and New York.
  154. (1990). Geological evolution and U-Pb geochronology of the Proterozoic central Telemark area,
  155. (1975). Geologisk kart over Norge, berggrunnskart Sauda, 1:250000. Geological Survey of Norway Sigmond,
  156. (1980). Geology, petrography, and petrology of Pinzon Island, Galapagos Archipelago. Contributions to Mineralogy and
  157. (2008). Global record of 1600-700 Ma Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs): Implications for the reconstruction of the proposed Nuna (Columbia) and Rodinia supercontinents.
  158. (2008). Global trench migration velocities and slab migration induced upper mantle volume fluxes: Constraints to find an Earth reference frame based on minimizing viscous dissipation.
  159. (2000). Granite magma formation, transport and emplacement in the Earth's crust.
  160. (2009). Granitic magmatism by melting of juvenile continental crust: New constraints on the source of Palaeoproterozoic granitoids in Fennoscandia from Hf isotopes in zircon.
  161. (2006). Granitic magmatism of grenvillian and late neoproterozoic age in Finnmark, Arctic Norway - Constraining pre-Scandian deformation in the Kalak Nappe Complex.
  162. (2009). Granitoid events in space and time: Constraints from igneous and detrital zircon age spectra.
  163. (2000). Growth-related 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatism in the Baltic Shield; a review addressing the tectonic characteristics of Svecofennian,
  164. (1993). H2O in basalt and basaltic andesite glass inclusions from four subduction-related volcanoes.
  165. (2001). Hafnium isotope evidence for 'conservative' element mobility during subduction zone processes.
  166. (2006). Hf isotope evidence for selective mobility of high-field-strength elements in a subduction setting: South Sandwich Islands.
  167. (2005). Hf isotopes in zircon reveal contrasting sources and crystallization histories for alkaline to peralkaline granites of Temora, southeastern Australia.
  168. (1999). Hf-Nd element and isotope perspective on the nature and provenance of mantle and subduction components in Western Pacific Arc-basin systems.
  169. (2003). Hot and cold granites: Implications of zircon saturation temperatures and preservation of inheritance.
  170. (2002). Hot orogens, tectonic switching, and creation of continental crust.
  171. (2006). How juvenile is the Arabian–Nubian Shield? Evidence from Nd isotopes and pre-Neoproterozoic inherited zircon in the Bi'r Umq suture zone, Saudi Arabia.
  172. (1989). Igneous Petrogenesis: A Global Tectonic Approach.
  173. (2001). Ilmenite as a source for zirconium during high-grade metamorphism? textural evidence from the caledonides of Western Norway and implications for zircon geochronology.
  174. (2009). Implications of estimated magmatic additions and recycling losses at the subduction zones of accretionary (non-collisional) and collisional (suturing) orogens.
  175. (1982). Improved accuracy of U-Pb zircon ages by the creation of more concordant systems using an air abrasion technique.
  176. (2009). Interpreting Himalayan orogeny via the Paleozoic Scandian analogue.
  177. (1998). Intracrustal Controls on the Coexistence of Tholeiitic and Calc-alkaline Magma Series at Aso Volcano,
  178. (1998). Ion probe dating of metasedimentary units across the Skagerrak: new constraints for early Mesoproterozoic growth of the Baltic Shield.
  179. (1971). Isotopic and chemical constraints on models of magma genesis in volcanic arcs.
  180. (2009). Isotopic evidence for rapid continental growth in an extensional accretionary orogen: The Tasmanides,
  181. (1987). Isotopic evidence for the Precambrian provenance and Caledonian metamorphism of high grade paragneisses from the Seve Nappes, Scandinavian Caledonides - I. Conventional U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd whole rock data. Contributions to Mineralogy and
  182. (1993). K-rich calc-alkaline augen gneisses of Grenvillian age in southern Norway: mingling of mantle-derived and crustal components.
  183. (1998). LA-ICP-MS in-situ hafnium in zircon data.
  184. (2006). Laser ablation acquisition protocols and non-matrix matched standardisation of U–Pb data.
  185. (2008). Late-orogenic Sveconorwegian massif anorthosite in the Jotun Nappe Complex, SW Norway, and causes of repeated AMCG magmatism along the Baltoscandian margin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  186. (2004). Laurentian provenance and an intracratonic tectonic setting for the Moine Supergroup, Scotland, constrained by detrital zircons from the Loch Eil and Glen Urquhart successions.
  187. (1996). Left-lateral transpressive deformation and its tectonic implications, Sveconorwegian orogen,
  188. (2007). Linking deformation, migmatite formation and zircon U-Pb geochronology in polymetamorphic orthogneisses, Sveconorwegian Province, Sweden.
  189. (2003). Linking growth episodes of zircon and metamorphic textures to zircon chemistry: An example from the ultrahigh-temperature granulites of Rogaland (SW Norway).
  190. (2001). Linking tholeiites and alkalic rocks: the role of dissolved water.
  191. (2002). Lithostratigraphy and U-Pb geochronology of the Telemark supracrustals in the Bandak-Sauland area,
  192. (1978). Lithostratigraphy of the autochthonous/parautochthonous Lower Palaeozoic metasediments on Hardangervidda, south Norway.
  193. (2007). Lithostratigraphy of the Mesoproterozoic Vemork formation,
  194. (2008). Long-term convergence along SW Fennoscandia: 330 m.y. of Proterozoic crustal growth.
  195. (2001). Longlived (1.8-1.0 Ga) convergent orogen in southern Laurentia, its extensions to Australia and Baltica, and implications for refining Rodinia.
  196. (2004). Lu-Hf and U-Pb isotope systematics of zircons from the Storgangen intrusion, Rogaland Intrusive Complex, SW Norway: implications for the composition and evolution of Precambrian lower crust in the Baltic Shield.
  197. (2009). Magma evolution and ascent at the craters of the moon and neighboring volcanic fields,
  198. (2007). Magmatic and crustal differentiation history of granitic rocks from Hf-O isotopes in zircon.
  199. (2003). Magnetic fabrics in the Holum granite (Vest-Agder, southernmost Norway): implications for the late evolution of the Sveconorwgeian (Grenvillian) orogen of SW Scandinavia.
  200. (1979). Major element chemistry of metavolcanic rocks and tectonic setting of the Precambrian Dyrskard Group, Hardangervidda, south Norway. Norsk geologisk tidsskrift 49,
  201. (2002). Maximum size and distribution in time and space of mantle plumes: Evidence from large igneous provinces.
  202. (1985). Mechanisms of contamination in Lesser Antilles island arc magmas from radiogenic and oxygen isotope relationships.
  203. (2009). Mesoproterozoic (1.47-1.44 Ga) orogenic magmatism in Fennoscandia; Baddeleyite U-Pb dating of a suite of massif-type anorthosite in
  204. (1996). Mesoproterozoic anorogenic magmatism in southern Norway.
  205. (2006). Mesoproterozoic bimodal magmatism along the Protogine Zone, S Sweden: Three magmatic pulses at 1.56, 1.22 and 1.205 Ga, and regional implications.
  206. (2004). Mesoproterozoic bimodal volcanism in SW Norway, evidence for recurring pr-Sveconorwegian continental margin tectonism.
  207. (2008). Mesoproterozoic growth, rifting, drifting and continental collision in Rogaland,
  208. (1997). Mesoproterozoic sediment-hosted strata-bound copper deposits in the Dal Group,
  209. (1985). Metamorphic zoning in the high-grade Proterozoic of Rogaland -
  210. (1990). Mid-Proterozoic Laurentia-Baltica: an overview of its geological evolution and a summary of the contributions made by this volume.
  211. (2004). Mid-Proterozoic magmatic arc evolution at the southwest margin of the Baltic Shield.
  212. (2006). Molybdenite Re-Os dating constrains gravitational collapse of the Sveconorwegian orogen,
  213. (2003). Molybdenite Re-Os dating of biotite dehydration melting in the Rogaland high-temperature granulites,
  214. (2007). Multistage metamorphic evolution and nature of the amphibolite-granulite facies transition in Lofoten-Vesterålen, Norway, revealed by U-Pb in accessory minerals.
  215. (2001). Nature and distribution of deep crustal reservoirs in the southwestern part of the Baltic Shield: evidence from Nd, Sr and Pb isotope data on late Sveconorwegian granites.
  216. (1982). Nature and origin of A-type granites with particular reference to southeastern Australia. Contributions to Mineralogy and
  217. (1999). Nature of the Earth's earliest crust from hafnium isotopes in single detrital zircons.
  218. (1979). Nd and Sr isotope geochemistry of island arc volcanics, Grenada, Lesser Antilles.
  219. Nd isotopes and U-Pb SHRIMP zircon dating of Neoproterozoic volcanic rocks from the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt: New insights into the ~750 Ma crust-forming event.
  220. (2009). Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia: evidence of ~750 Ma glaciation in the Arabian-Nubian Shield?
  221. (2010). Neoproterozoic orogeny along the margin of Rodinia: Valhalla orogen, North Atlantic.
  222. (2002). New constraints on the timing of deposition and metamorphism in the Bamble sector, south Norway: zircon and titanite U-Pb data from the Nelaug area.
  223. (1980). New radiometric data on the Revsegg Formation, HardangerviddaRyfylke nappe complex, southwest Norway.
  224. (1982). On the mechanics of igneous diapirism, stoping, and zone melting.
  225. (1995). Opening tectonics of the Japan Sea. In:
  226. (1986). Origin of an A-type granite: experimental constraints.
  227. (2010). Origins of cold-wetoxidizing to hot-dry-reducing rhyolite magma cycles and distribution in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology,
  228. (1981). Orogenic Andesites and Plate Tectonics.
  229. (2007). Oxidized, magnetite-series, rapakivi-type granites of Carajás, Brazil: Implications for classification and petrogenesis of A-type granites.
  230. (2005). Oxygen isotope evidence for slab melting in modern and ancient subduction zones.
  231. (2001). Oxygen isotope systematics of the Banda Arc: Low δ18O despite involvement of subducted continental material in magma genesis.
  232. (2008). Oxygen isotopes in Samoan lavas: Confirmation of continent recycling.
  233. (2003). Oxygen isotopes in zircon.
  234. (2004). Oxygenisotope constraints on terrane boundaries and origin of 1.18-1.13 Ga granitoids in the southern Grenville Province.
  235. (1991). Pacific margins of Laurentia and East Antarctica-Australia as a conjugate rift pair: evidence and implications for an Eocambrian supercontinent.
  236. (2007). Palaeocurrent data from the Kalak Nappe Complex, northern Norway: A key element in models of terrane affiliation.
  237. (2003). Palaeomagnetic configuration of continents during the Proterozoic.
  238. (2009). Palaeoproterozoic accretionary processes
  239. (1996). Palaeoproterozoic oblique plate convergence in South Greenland: a reappraisal of the Ketilidian Orogen. In:
  240. (2004). Palaeoproterozoic U-Pb ages of autochthonous and allochthonous granites from the northern Swedish Caledonides - Regional and palaeogeographic implications.
  241. (2009). Palaeozoic Lachlan orogen, Australia; accretion and construction of continental crust in a marginal ocean setting: Isotopic evidence from Cambrian metavolcanic rocks.
  242. (2001). Paleoproterozoic rocks of central Colorado: Accreted arcs or extended older crust?
  243. (1984). Partition coefficients of Hf, Zr, and REE between phenocrysts and groundmasses.
  244. (1970). Partition coefficients of rare-earth elements between igneous matrix material and rock-forming mineral phenocrysts-II.
  245. (1983). Partition coefficients of trace elements: Application to volcanic rocks of St. Vincent, West Indies.
  246. (2007). Peri-Gondwanan elements in the Caledonian Nappes of Finnmark,
  247. (2010). Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of volcanic rocks in the Xiaoshan and Waifangshan areas along the southern margin of the North China Craton: Constraints from bulk-rock geochemistry and Sr-Nd isotopic composition.
  248. (2007). Petrogenesis of ca 1.50 Ga granitic gneiss of the Coompana Block: Filling the 'magmatic gap' of Mesoproterozoic Australia.
  249. (2003). Petrogenesis of jotunitic and acidic members of an AMC suite (Rogaland anorthosite province, SW Norway): a Sr and Nd isotopic assessment.
  250. (1999). Petrogenesis of the 1.43 Ga Sherman batholith,
  251. (2003). Petrogenesis of the Red Mountain pluton, Laramie anorthosite complex, Wyoming: Implications for the origin of A-type granite.
  252. (1974). Petrographic and structural history of the Caledonian rocks north of Haukelisæter,
  253. (1994). Petrological and mineralogical variations in 2500-2000 yr B.P. lava flows, Craters on the Moon lava field,
  254. (1981). Petrological study of the Myoko and Kurohime volcanoes, Japan: crystallization sequence and evidence for magma mixing.
  255. (2004). Petrology and geochemistry of early cretaceous bimodal continental flood volcanism of the NW Etendeka, Namibia. part 1: Introduction, mafic lavas and re-evaluation of mantle source components.
  256. (2003). Petrology and geochemistry of the Lyngdal granodiorite (Southern Norway) and the role of fractional crystallisation in the genesis of Proterozoic ferro-potassic A-type granites.
  257. (1999). Petrology and geochemistry of the Tromøy gneiss complex, South Norway, an alleged example of Proterozoic depleted lower continental crust.
  258. (1999). Petrology of the anorogenic, oxidised Jamon and Musa granites, Amazonian Craton: Implications for the genesis of Proterozoic A-type granites.
  259. (2006). Phase equilibria of the Lyngdal granodiorite (Norway): Implications for the origin of metaluminous ferroan granitoids.
  260. (1984). Phase equilibrium controls on the tholeiitic versus calc-alkaline differentiation trends.
  261. (2008). Phase relations and liquid lines of descent in hydrous ferrobasalt - Implications for the Skaergaard intrusion and Columbia river flood basalts.
  262. (1970). Phenocryst-matrix partition coefficients for K, Rb, Sr and Ba, with applications to anorthosite and basalt genesis.
  263. (2010). Pitfalls of classifying ancient magmatic suites with tectonic discrimination diagrams: An example from the Paleoproterozoic Tunkillia Suite,
  264. (2008). Plešovice zircon — A new natural reference material for U–Pb and Hf isotopic microanalysis.
  265. (2002). Polyphase zircon in ultrahigh-temperature granulites (Rogaland, SW Norway): constraints for Pb diffusion in zircon.
  266. (1994). Precambrian multi-stage crustal evolution in the Bamble sector of south Norway: Pb isotopic evidence from a Sveconorwegian deep-seated granitic intrusion.
  267. (2000). Precise elemental and isotope ratio determination by simultaneous solution nebulization and laser ablation-ICP-MS: application to U–Pb geochronology.
  268. (2003). Preliminary U-Pb geochronology in the West Troms Basement Complex, North Norway: Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic events and younger overprints.
  269. (1993). Pressure effects, kinetics, and rheology of anorthositic and related magmas.
  270. (1994). Primitive basalts and andesites from the Mt. Shasta region, N. California: products of varying melt fraction and water content. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
  271. (1983). Proterozoic anorogenic granite plutonism of North America.
  272. (1993). Proterozoic anorogenic magmatism and its orogenic connections.
  273. (1985). Proterozoic anorthosite massifs.
  274. (1990). Proterozoic evolution and age - province boundaries in the central part of the Western Gneiss Region, Norway: results of U-Pb dating of accessory minerals from Trondheimsfjord to Geiranger. In:
  275. (2007). Proterozoic evolution and provenance of the high-grade Jotun Nappe Complex, SW Norway: U-Pb geochronology.
  276. (1994). Proterozoic orogenic magmatism within the Western Gneiss Region,
  277. (2008). Proterozoic southward accretion and Grenvillian orogenesis in the interior Grenville Province in eastern Labrador: Evidence from U-Pb geochronological investigations.
  278. (2001). Proterozoic tectonothermal history in the western part of the East European Craton: Ar geochronological constraints.
  279. (1999). Protolith ages and timing of deformation in the eastern, marginal part of the Sveconorwegian orogen, southwestern Sweden.
  280. (2007). Provenance and terrane evolution of the Kalak Nappe Complex, Norwegian Caledonides: Implications for neoproterozoic paleogeography and tectonics.
  281. (1997). Radiogenic isotope systematics of the Herefoss granite, South Norway: an indicator of Sveconorwegian (Grenvillian) crustal evolution in the Baltic Shield.
  282. (1981). Radiogenic isotopes: The case for crustal recycling on a near-steady-state nocontinental-growth Earth.
  283. (2000). Re-Os isotopic evidence for a lower crustal origin of massif-type anorthosites.
  284. (2009). Recurrent Mesoproterozoic continental magmatism in South-Central Norway.
  285. (2003). Recycling oceanic crust: Quantitative constraints.
  286. (1997). Reduced rapakivi-type granites: The tholeiite connection.
  287. (1999). Refining Rodinia: Geologic evidence for the Australia-Western U.S. Connection in the Proterozoic.
  288. (2009). Rejuvenation vs. recycling of Archean crust in the Gawler Craton, South Australia: Evidence from U-Pb and Hf isotopes in detrital zircon.
  289. (2003). Relations between 1.19-1.13 Ga continental magmatism, sedimentation and metamorphism, Sveconorwegian province,
  290. (2003). Relations between granitoid magmatism and migmatization: U - Pb geochronological evidence from the Western Gneiss Complex,
  291. (1993). Relative depletion of niobium in some arc magmas and the continental crust: partitioning of K, Nb, La and Ce during melt/rock reaction in the upper mantle.
  292. (2002). Remelting of an andesitic crust as a possible origin for rhyolitic magma in oceanic arcs: An example from the Izu-Bonin arc.
  293. (1996). Residual-liquid origin for a monzonitic intrusion in a mid-Proterozoic anorthosite complex: The Sybille intrusion, Laramie anorthosite complex,
  294. (2002). Review of global 2.1-1.8 Ga orogens: Implications for a pre-Rodinia supercontinent.
  295. (1985). Role of crystal cumulates and the oceanic crust in the formation of the lower crust of the Aleutian arc.
  296. (1983). Role of the sub-continental lithosphere in magma genesis at active continental margins.
  297. (1994). Rutile-aqueous fluid partitioning of Nb, Ta, Hf, Zr, U and Th: implications for high field strength element depletions in island-arc basalts.
  298. (2007). Sedimentary basin and detrital zircon record along East Laurentia and Baltica during assembly and breakup of Rodinia.
  299. (2009). Shallow and deep crustal control on differentiation of calc-alkaline and tholeiitic magma.
  300. (2001). Simultaneous acquisition of isotope compositions and parent/daughter ratios by non-isotope dilution solution-mode Plasma Ionisation Multi-collector Mass Spectrometry
  301. (1992). Sm/Nd evidence for a major 1.5 Ga crust-forming event in the central Grenville Province.
  302. (1997). Soft ablation technique for laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
  303. (2006). Some key issues in reconstructions of Proterozoic supercontinents.
  304. (1999). Some Phase Equilibrium Constraints on the Origin of Proterozoic (Massif) Anorthosites and Related Rocks.
  305. (2010). Sr-Nd isotopes and geochemistry of granite-gneiss complexes from the Meatiq and Hafafit domes, Eastern Desert, Egypt: No evidence for pre-Neoproterozoic crust.
  306. (2006). Stability of arc lower crust: Insights from the Talkeetna arc section, south central Alaska, and the seismic structure of modern arcs.
  307. (2005). Stratigraphic and geochemical evolution of an oceanic arc upper crustal section: The Jurassic Talkeetna Volcanic Formation, south-central Alaska.
  308. (1978). Structural succession in a part of the outer Hardangerfjord area, west Norway.
  309. (2009). Subduction influence on oxygen fugacity and trace and volatile elements in basalts across the cascade volcanic arc.
  310. (2008). Subduction zone trench migration: Slab driven or overriding-plate-driven?
  311. (2009). Supercontinent reconstruction from recognition of leading continental edges.
  312. (2009). Supercontinent-superplume coupling, true polar wander and plume mobility: Plate dominance in whole-mantle tectonics.
  313. (2004). Supercontinents and superplume events: distinguishing signals in the geologic record.
  314. (2007). Superplume, supercontinent, and post-perovskite: Mantle dynamics and anti-plate tectonics on the Core-Mantle Boundary.
  315. (2005). Supracrustal input to magmas in the deep crust of Sierra Nevada batholith: Evidence from high-δ18O zircon.
  316. (1999). Sveconorwegian (-Grenvillian) deformation, metamorphism and leucosome formation in SW Sweden, SW Baltic Shield: constraints from a Mesoproterozoic granite intrusion.
  317. (2007). Sveconorwegian crustal underplating in southwestern Fennoscandia: LAM-ICPMS U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotope evidence from granites and gneisses in Telemark,
  318. (2004). Sveconorwegian U-Pb zircon and monazite ages of granulite-facies rocks,
  319. (2008). Tectonic constraints on 1.3~1.2 Ga final breakup of Columbia supercontinent from a giant radiating dyke swarm.
  320. (1982). Tectonic controls on tholeiitic and calc-alkaline magmatism in the Aleutian Arc.
  321. (1997). Tectonic genealogy of North America. In:
  322. (2007). Tectonic model for the Proterozoic growth of North America.
  323. (1998). Tectonic regimes and terrane bondaries in the high-grade Sveconorwegian belt of SW Norway, inferred from U-Pb zircon geochronology and geochemical signature of augen gneiss suites.
  324. (1973). Tectonic succession of the Caledonian Nappe Front in the Haukelisæter-Røldal Area, Southwestern Norway.
  325. (1985). Terrain displacement and Sveconorwegian rotation of the Baltic Shield: a working hypothesis.
  326. (2005). Terrane analysis, regional nomenclature and crustal evolution in the Southwest Scandinavian Domain of the Fennoscandian Shield.
  327. (2009). The 1.35 Ga diabase sills from the northern North China Craton: Implications for breakup of the Columbia (Nuna) supercontinent.
  328. (1995). The 1160 Ma old Hidderskog meta-charnockite: implications of this A-type pluton for the Sveconorwegian belt in Vest Agder (SW Norway).
  329. (2006). The 1800-1100 Ma tectonic evolution of Australia.
  330. (2006). The 2.40 Ga Ringvassøy mafic dykes, West Troms Basement Complex, Norway: The concluding act of early Palaeoproterozoic continental breakup.
  331. (1993). The age and regional correlation of the Svecofennian Geitfjell granite,
  332. (1994). The Annagh Gneiss Complex in County
  333. (2004). The application of laser ablationinductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry to in situ U–Pb zircon geochronology.
  334. (2006). The Central Scandinavian Dolerite Group -Protracted hotspot activity or back-arc magmatism? Constraints from U-Pb baddeleyite geochronology and Hf isotope data.
  335. (2009). The Columbia connection in
  336. (1981). The combined use of oxygen and radiogenic isotopes as indicators of crustal contamination.
  337. (2009). The composition and evolution of lithospheric mantle: a re-evaluation and its tectonic implications.
  338. (1999). The crustal tongue melting model and the origin of massive anorthosites.
  339. (1960). The distribution of mineral dates in time and space.
  340. (2008). The East European Craton (Baltica) before and during the assembly of Rodinia.
  341. (1996). The evolution of the Grenville Province in eastern Labrador, Canada.
  342. (1928). The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks.
  343. (2010). The generation and evolution of the continental crust.
  344. (1994). The generation, segregation, ascent and emplacement of granite magma: the migmatiteto-crustally-derived granite connection in thickened orogens.
  345. (2006). The Genesis of Intermediate and Silicic Magmas in Deep Crustal Hot Zones.
  346. (1996). The geochemical evolution of anorthosite residual magmas in the Laramie anorthosite complex,
  347. (2009). The geochemistry, Lu-Hf isotope systematics, and petrogenesis of Late Mesoproterozoic A-type granites in southwestern Fennoscandia.
  348. (2005). The Hardangerfjord Shear Zone in SW Norway and the North Sea: A large-scale low-angle shear zone in the Caledonian crust.
  349. (2000). The Hf isotope composition of cratonic mantle: LAM-MC-ICPMS analysis of zircon megacrysts in kimberlites.
  350. (1998). The influence of water on melting of mantle peridotite.
  351. (1993). The influence of water on the petrogenesis of subductionrelated igneous rocks.
  352. (2002). The Ketilidian orogen of South Greenland: Geochronology, tectonics, magmatism, and fore-arc accretion during Palaeoproterozoic oblique convergence.
  353. (2003). The late Archean record: A puzzle in ca. 35 pieces.
  354. (2004). The liquid line of descent of anhydrous, mantle-derived, tholeiitic liquids by fractional and equilibrium crystallization - An experimental study at 1.0 GPa.
  355. (2004). The Lu decay constant determined by Lu-Hf and U-Pb isotope systematics of Precambrian mafic intrusions.
  356. (2008). The Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd isotopic composition of CHUR: Constraints from unequilibrated chondrites and implications for the bulk composition of terrestrial planets.
  357. (1960). The major element variation of the layered series of Skaergaard intrusion and a reestimation of the average composition of the hidden layered series and of the successive residual magmas.
  358. (1996). The Mesoproterozoic cratonization of Baltica - new age constraints from SW Sweden. In:
  359. (2008). The Mesoproterozoic in the Nordic countries.
  360. (2004). The origin and evolution of silica-saturated alkalic suites: An experimental study.
  361. (1983). The origin of rhyolite and plagiogranite in oceanic crust: an experimental study.
  362. (2009). The palaeomagnetically viable, long-lived and all-inclusive Rodinia supercontinent reconstruction. In
  363. (2007). The Paleoproterozoic North Hebei Orogen: North China craton's collisional suture with the Columbia supercontinent.
  364. (2005). The paradox of mantle redox.
  365. (2008). The Permo-carboniferous Oslo rift through six stages and 65 million years.
  366. (1988). The petrogenesis of massif anorthosites: a Nd and Sr isotopic investigation of the Proterozoic of Rogaland/Vest-Agder,
  367. (1964). The petrology of Thingmuli, a Tertiary volcano in eastern Iceland.
  368. (2009). The position of the Amazonian Craton in supercontinents.
  369. (1975). The Precambrian crystalline complex of SW Sweden. The geology and petrogenetic development of the Varberg Region.
  370. (1980). The Precambrian Dyrskard group of the Hardangervidda-Ryfylke nappe complex, Haukelisæter-Røldal area, southwestern Norway.
  371. (2003). The Proterozoic Hustad igneous complex: A low strain enclave with a key to the history of the Western Gneiss Region of Norway.
  372. (1990). The Protogine Zone, southwest Sweden: a new model - an old issue.
  373. (1999). The redox state of subduction zones: Insights from arc-peridotites.
  374. (1995). The relative diffusion of Pb, Nd, Sr and O in garnet.
  375. (1994). The Rhinns Complex: Proterozoic basement on Islay and Colonsay, Inner Hebrides, Scotland, and on Inishtrahull,
  376. (1997). The Rjukan Proterozoic rift basin, its basement and cover, volcanic and sedimentary infill, and associated intrusions.
  377. (2007). The role of pressure in producing compositional diversity in intraplate basaltic magmas.
  378. (2003). The Scandinavian Caledonides: Event chronology, palaeogeographic settings and likely modern analogues.
  379. (1996). The short duration and anorogenic character of anorthosite magmatism:
  380. (2006). The Svecofennian orogen: a collage of microcontinents and island arcs. In:
  381. (1991). The Sveconorwegian shear-zone network of SW Sweden in relation to mid-Proterozoic plate movements.
  382. (2004). The Transscandinavian Igneous Belt (TIB) in Sweden: A review of its character and evolution.
  383. (2009). The Xiong'er volcanic belt at the southern margin of the North China Craton: Petrographic and geochemical evidence for its outboard position in the PaleoMesoproterozoic Columbia Supercontinent.
  384. (2001). Theoretical description and experimental observation of aerosol transport processes in laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
  385. (1996). Thermotectonic evolution of the Eastern Segment of southwestern Sweden: tectonic constraints from U-Pb geochronology. In:
  386. (1988). Tholeiitic and calc-alkaline magma series at Adatara volcano, northeast Japan: 1. Geochemical constraints on their origin.
  387. (1995). Three natural zircon standards for U-Th-Pb, Lu-Hf, trace element and REE analyses.
  388. (2004). Thrusting and extension in the Scandian Hinterland, Norway: New U-Pb ages and tectonostratigraphic evidence.
  389. (2003). Time-scales of differentiation from mafic parents to rhyolite in North American Continental Arcs.
  390. (1999). Timing and characterisation of recurrent preSveconorwegian metamorphism and deformation in the Varberg-Halmstad region of SW Sweden.
  391. (2007). Timing and tectonic significance of Sveconorwegian A-type granitic magmatism in Telemark, southern Norway: New results from laser-ablation ICPMS U-Pb dating of zircon.
  392. (2005). Timing of continental building in the Sveconorwegian orogen,
  393. (1978). Timing of continental growth and emergence.
  394. (2009). Timing of crust formation and recycling in accretionary orogens: Insights learned from the western margin of South America.
  395. (2005). Timing of Late Neoproterozoic glaciation in Baltica constrained by detrital zircon geochronology in the Hedmark Group, south-east Norway.
  396. (2002). Timing of late- to post-tectonic Sveconorwegian granitic magmatism in South Norway.
  397. (1980). Towards a palinspastic tectonic analysis of the Baltic Shield.
  398. (1982). Trace element characteristics of lavas from destructive plate boundaries.
  399. (1993). Tracing trace elements from sediment input to volcanic output at subduction zones.
  400. (1980). Transverse geochemical variations across the Antarctic Peninsula: Implications for the genesis of calc-alkaline magmas.
  401. (1974). Two contrasting granite types.
  402. (1992). U-Pb age of the Leirungsmyran gabbroic complex, Jotun Nappe,
  403. (2004). U-Pb age, setting and tectonic significance of the anorthosite-mangerite-charnockitegranite suite,
  404. (1983). U-Pb ages of Proterozoic metaplutonics in the gneiss complex of southern Varmland, south-western Sweden.
  405. (2002). U-Pb ages of the Dalsfjord complex, SW Norway, and their bearing on the correlation of allochthonous crystalline segments of the Scandinavian Caledonides.
  406. (1980). U-Pb and Rb-Sr dating of a polymetamorphic nappe terrain: The Caledonian Jotun nappe,
  407. (1980). U-Pb and Rb-Sr systematics in a polyorogenic segment of the Precambrian shield, central southern Norway.
  408. (2005). U-Pb Baddelyite ages and Hf, Nd isotope chemistry constraining repeated mafic magmatism Bibliography in the Fennoscandian Shield from 1.6 to 0.9 Ga. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 150,
  409. (1996). U-Pb columbite ages of pegmatites from Sveconorwegian terranes in southwestern Sweden.
  410. (2007). U-Pb dating of zircon in the Bishop Tuff at the millennial scale.
  411. (2002). U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of early Proterozoic rocks of the tectonic basement windows in central Nordland, Caledonides of north-central Norway.
  412. (2009). U-Pb geochronology of gneisses and granitoids from the Danish island of Bornholm: New evidence for 1.47-1.45 Ga magmatism at the southwestern margin of the East European Craton.
  413. (1995). U-Pb isotope geochronology of zircon: evaluation of the laser probeinductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry technique.
  414. (1999). U-Pb zircon age and geochemistry of the Blafjellhatten granite, Grong-Olden Culmination, Central Norway.
  415. (2002). U-Pb zircon and titanite geochronological constraints on the late/post-Caledonian evolution of the Scandinavian Caledonides in north-central Norway.
  416. (1988). United plates of America, the birth of a craton: Early Proterozoic assembly and growth of Laurentia.
  417. (1987). Uranium-lead zircon and titanite ages from the northern portion of the Western Gneiss Region, south-central Norway.
  418. (2003). User's manual for Isoplot 3.00 A Geochronological Toolkit for Excel.
  419. (1993). Using geochemical data: evaluation, presentation, interpretation. Longman Geochemistry Series,
  420. (2006). Using hafnium and oxygen isotopes in zircons to unravel the record of crustal evolution.
  421. (2004). Volcanic arc of Kamchatka: A province with high-δ18O magma sources and large-scale 18O/16O depletion of the upper crust.
  422. (2005). Voluminous granitic magmas from common basaltic sources.
  423. (2009). Western Grenville Province holds key to midcontinental Granite-Rhyolite Province enigma.
  424. (2004). When, where and how did the Sveconorwegian Terranes of Sweden meet?
  425. (2004). Zircon geochronology and ca. 400 Ma exhumation of Norwegian ultrahigh-pressure rocks: An ion microprobe and chemical abrasion study.
  426. (2002). Zircon geochronology in polymetamorphic gneisses in the Sveconorwegian orogen, SW Sweden: ion microprobe evidence for 1.46-1.42 and 0.98-0.96 Ga reworking.
  427. (2002). Zircon geochronology of migmatite gneisses along the Mylonite Zone (S Sweden): a major Sveconorwegian terrane boundary in the Baltic Shield.
  428. (1998). Zircon megacrysts from kimberlite: Oxygen isotope variability among mantle melts.
  429. (1983). Zircon saturation revisited: temperature and composition effects in a variety of crustal magma types.
  430. (2005). Zircon U–Pb chemical abrasion (―CA-TIMS‖) method: Combined annealing and multi-step partial dissolution analysis for improved precision and accuracy of zircon ages.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.