Location of Repository

GNVQs 1992 -1995: The Implementation of GNVQ Programmes at Institutional Level

By Ellie Johnson Searle

Abstract

High unemployment and, more recently, global competition have led many countries to review their education and training provision with the aim of encouraging more students to take a positive decision to remain in education or training in the post-compulsory phase thus increasing national levels of participation and attainment. Central to the response in England has been the creation of a new range of qualifications General National Vocational Qualifications (GNVQs) which are seen as making vocational education more attractive through their distinctive approaches to teaching, learning and assessment.\ud Government strategy has been to encourage the development of these qualifications aiming for parity of esteem with academic qualifications such as Advanced levels. GNVQs were seen as having the capacity to bridge the academic/vocational divide, to be equivalent to and an alternative national qualification to current academic and vocational qualifications and to provide an alternative progression route.\ud This research focuses on the implementation of GNVQs at the institutional level and argues that the rhetoric contrasts sharply with reality. It draws on evidence from case studies as well as a national sample of colleges and schools. It shows that there were considerable variations in the reasons why GNVQs were introduced and how they were developed and offered. Key areas that have prevented the effective implementation of the qualifications are identified including the type of institution, their previous experience of vocational education, the particular awarding body, their experience of GNVQs and the vocational areas offered.\ud GNVQs were perceived by their developers as being `liberating' for institutions and their staff. Whilst they have been positively received by some their complex and bureaucratic structures, and implementation of their elaborate assessment requirements are shown to present centres with considerable difficulty in meeting the requirements of 'good practice' identified by Government agencies

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2001
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/8639

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1995). 14 - 19 Education and Training: Implementing a Unified System of Learning.
  2. (1999). 32 These led to some confusion as some centres were unsure as to which pilot they were participating in. During
  3. (1995). 7 million boost to give GNVQs credibility.
  4. (1994). A (1994a) Tests spoilt for choice. Times Higher Education Supplement.
  5. (1994). A (1994b) Boswell backing for Brand A. Times Higher Education Supplement.
  6. (1979). A Basis for Choice.
  7. (1994). A bogus thing of scraps and smears. Times Higher Education Supplement.
  8. (1994). A Bridge too Far ?- The Problems Facing GNVQ.
  9. (1993). A check for researcher bias in an ethnographic report.
  10. (1996). A Clearing in the Jungle. Times Educational Supplement.
  11. (1997). A Critque of NVQs and GNVQs
  12. (1994). A guide to BTEC qualifications,
  13. (1986). A Guide to Student Centred Learning Oxford:
  14. (1988). A is for acronym.
  15. (1995). A joint path for staying on.
  16. (1988). A Liberal Vocationalism.
  17. (1995). A new line on production.
  18. (1981). A New Training Initiative: A Programme for Action,
  19. (1993). A report of the FEU's Evaluation of General National Vocational Qualifications.
  20. (1997). A Support Handbook for Part One GNVO.
  21. (1993). A year in GNVO 1992/93. The school perspective.
  22. (1995). Able to dribble but not score.
  23. (1996). Aiming higher than Dearing ? Times Educational Supplement.
  24. (1997). Aims, Values and the Curriculum
  25. (1993). All our futures: Britain's education revolution.
  26. (1995). An introduction to GNVQs
  27. (2000). Analysis of the GNVQ assessment regime.
  28. (1993). Analysis: the reform of qualifications within a divided system in
  29. (1995). And finally, here is the good news.
  30. (1996). Another fine mess for Sir Ron to fix.
  31. (1986). Aspects of CPVE.
  32. (1991). Aspects of Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany Cardiff: Welsh Office Education Department.
  33. (1993). Aspects of Vocational Education in France.
  34. (1993). Audit Commission and Ofsted
  35. (1995). Awards that pay lip service to flexibility.
  36. (1994). Becoming Competent: Effective Learning for Occupational Competence A report for the Employment Department Learning Methods Branch by Learners First.
  37. (1996). Bid to end variable vocational standards.
  38. (1990). British `Baccalaureat': ending the division between education and training
  39. (1991). Certification practices in the European Community London: City & Guilds London Institute.
  40. (1996). Changes fail to redeem an ailing qualification.
  41. (1992). Choice and Diversity: A New Framework for Schools. Department for Education/Welsh Office.
  42. (1994). Colleges Admissions Services
  43. (1994). Colleges in scandal of exam passes.
  44. (1996). Colleges oppose A-level lobby.
  45. (1990). Common Learning Outcomes: Core Skills in A/AS levels and NVOs.
  46. (1995). Competition `stifling new qualification. Times Educational Supplement.
  47. (1995). Competition `stifling' new qualification.
  48. (1997). Competition, `Choice' and Hierarchy in a Post-16 Market
  49. (1994). Competitiveness: Helping Business to Win.
  50. (1997). Confusion as rivals battle for students.
  51. (1994). Consensus is that revolution was rushed.
  52. (1996). Core skills - the continuing debate
  53. (1992). Core Skills 16 - 19
  54. (1990). Core Skills 16 - 19: A response to the Secretary of State/National Curriculum Council.
  55. (1994). Courses `low profile' concerns students. Times Educational Supplement.
  56. (1994). Criticsms of competence-based education and training. Notes on a presentation at the University of Warwick: Midlands Universities Training session on GNVQs
  57. (1995). Curriculum and Assessment Authority
  58. (1991). Curriculum Guidance 6: Careers Education and Guidance York: National Curriculum Council.
  59. (1997). Dearing elite exam suffers setback.
  60. (1996). Dearing's elite exam suffers setback.
  61. (1994). Delivery of General National Vocational Qualifications by Part-time Mode: Results of a national consultation exercise. Surrey:
  62. (1992). Developing and Piloting the NCVO Core Skill Units.
  63. (1995). Drop-out inquiry demanded. Times Educational Supplement.
  64. (1997). Education 14 - 19: Divided or divisive ?
  65. (1993). Education 16-19 in Transition.
  66. (2000). Education and Employment
  67. Education and Employment (1996a) Action Plan to Boost Vocational Qualifications -Lord Henly.
  68. Education and Employment (1996b) Learning to compete: Education and training for 14 -19 year olds.
  69. (1986). Education and Science and the Employment Department
  70. (1991). Education and Science, Employment Department and the Welsh Office
  71. (1985). Education and Training for Young People.
  72. (1993). Education Committee
  73. (1996). Education in the UK. Facts and Figures. Revised edition. Oxon: Hodder and Stoughton and The Open University.
  74. (1997). Education in Western Europe. Facts and Figures. London: Hodder and Stoughton and The Open University.
  75. (1996). Education, Assessment and Society. A Sociological Analysis.
  76. (1992). Education, Training and Economic Performance in Comparative Perspective
  77. (1996). Employers prefer academic study.
  78. (1993). Engineering Training for Young People.
  79. (1992). Enthusiastic support for GNVOs.
  80. (1995). et at
  81. (1993). Evaluation of GNVQ Pilot Programmes: A suggested model.
  82. (1996). Even low GNVQ passes open doors to university courses.
  83. (1997). Exam changes put on hold.
  84. (1996). Exam Chief fears that Dearing will divide. Times Educational Supplement,
  85. (1996). Exam success story disputed.
  86. (1995). Experts row over pass rate levels.
  87. (1994). External Verifier briefing note.
  88. (1994). Fear that GNVQs breed `sheep and goats'.
  89. (1994). Final Report on the Acceptability of the GNVO Manufacturing Intermediate Level to the Clothing Industry. Project 26. Sheffield: The Employment Department.
  90. (1991). Flexible Learning. A Framework for Education and Trainin in The Skills Decade. Sheffield: Employment Department.
  91. for Vocational Qualifications (1993b) NCVO information note General National Vocational Qualifications.
  92. for Vocational Qualifications (1993c) Assessing Core Skills in GNVQs London:
  93. for Vocational Qualifications (1993d) Conventions for Describing General National Vocational Qualifications.
  94. for Vocational Qualifications (1993e) Introducing GNVOs. Approval briefing note.
  95. for Vocational Qualifications (1994a) General NVO. A guide for employers.
  96. for Vocational Qualifications (1994b) Grading Foundation and Intermediate GNVOs,
  97. for Vocational Qualifications (1994c) Grading Advanced GNVQs, London: NCVQ. National Council for Vocational Qualifications (I 994d) Advanced Health and Social Care: Guidance for mandatory units.
  98. for Vocational Qualifications (1994e) Evaluation of Foundation
  99. for Vocational Qualifications (1994g) Grading Foundation and lntermcdiatc GNVQ3.
  100. for Vocational Qualifications (1994h) Grading Advanced GNVOs London:
  101. for Vocational Qualifications (1995c) NVQ criteria and guidance.
  102. for Vocational Qualifications (1995d) GNVOs at Hoher Levels: A Consultation Paper.
  103. (1995). for Vocational Qualifications,
  104. (1996). for Vocational Qualifications, School Curriculum and Assessment Authority,
  105. (1992). From Pre-Vocational to GNVQ
  106. (1992). Funding and Planning for Quality
  107. (1995). Further Education and GNVQ
  108. (1989). Further Education: A New Strategy.
  109. (1994). General National Vocational Qualifications in the Further Education Sector in England. National Survey Report. Coventry: Further Education Funding Council Inspectorate.
  110. (1993). General National Vocational Qualifications. Briefing notes.
  111. (1993). General National Vocational Qualifications. The new vocational A levels. A brief guide.
  112. (1993). General NVQ, The New Vocational A levels. a brief Guide.
  113. (1994). Get them young, keep them keen. Times Educational Supplement.
  114. (1994). GNVO Assessment Review Project.
  115. (1995). GNVO Assessment Review. Final report of the review group.
  116. (1996). GNVO Centre Approval. Common criteria for the initial approval of GNVO centres and courses.
  117. (1994). GNVO Combination Project Final Report for the Employment Department. Sheffield: Employment Department.
  118. (1994). GNVO: Is it for you ? London: Hobsons for The Careers Research and Advisory Service.
  119. (1994). GNVOs and the Post-16 Curriculum.
  120. (1994). GNVQ falls victim to its own success.
  121. (1995). GNVQ into Practice: How was it for you ?
  122. (1995). GNVQs - Taking Stock.
  123. (1994). GNVQs 1993-94 A National Survey Report.
  124. (1997). GNVQs 1993-97 Final Report of a National Survey.
  125. (1994). GNVQs for the Built Environment - Interim Evaluation Report. London: National Foundation for Educational Research and the Construction Industry Training Board.
  126. (1995). GNVQs in Business
  127. (1995). GNVQs in Leisure and Tourism
  128. (1995). GNVQs in Manufacturing
  129. (1997). GNVQs lack coherence and don't lead anywhere. Times Educational Supplement.
  130. (1994). GNVQs need immediate improvement.
  131. (1994). GNVQs not fulfilling objectives.
  132. (1994). GNVQs, A guide for students. London: City & Guilds London Institute.
  133. (1995). Hatchet urged on GNVQ red tape.
  134. (1995). Heads seek peace in post-16 recruiting.
  135. (1993). If you've got it in you BTEC will bring it out.
  136. (1994). Ill-advised' students on course to fail. Times Educational Supplement.
  137. (1992). Improvin the Quality of Student Learning: based on the Improving Student Learning Project. Bristol: Technical and Education Services.
  138. (1994). in Chorlton, W. GNVO: Is it for you ? London: Hobsons for the Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC).
  139. (1994). in FEFC General National Vocational ()ualifications in the Further Education Scctor in England. Coventry: Further Education Funding Council Inspectorate.
  140. (1995). In search of a broader clientele.
  141. (1994). Increasing Quantity and Improving Quality.
  142. (1994). Individual commitment to lifetime learning: Individuals attitudes: Report on the qualitative phase.
  143. (1992). Introducing GNVOs into Schools and Colleges. Sheffield: Training, Enterprise and Education Directorate.
  144. (1996). Labour backs a Dearing 16 - 19 solution.
  145. (1992). Learner-managed learning. Ticknall: Education Now.
  146. (1993). Learning and Assessment: exposing the inconsistencies of theory and practice.
  147. (1993). Learning to Succeed: A report of the Paul Hamlyn Foundation and the National Commission on Education.
  148. (1996). Less than one third reach level in time.
  149. (1992). Lessons from the European periphery.
  150. (1995). Markets and Vouchers.
  151. (1995). Modularisation and the Outcomes Approach
  152. National Council for Vocational Qualifications (1993a) GNVO Information note.
  153. (1994). Need to rock the GNVQ boat.
  154. (1997). New qualifications chief promises more flexibility. Times Educational Supplement.
  155. (1994). New vocational exams `must be improved now'.
  156. (1995). No longer content to make do.
  157. (1995). Notes for Guidance - Vocational Qualifications.
  158. (1991). Notes for guidances
  159. (1994). NTETs, GNVQs and flexible learning.
  160. (1995). NVQs and GNVQs: The Next Phase. Broadsheet No.
  161. (1997). Office for Standards in Education
  162. (2000). Office for Standards in Education, Further Education Funding Council and the Training Standards Council
  163. (1996). Old-style A-levels favoured.
  164. (1991). Outcomes: NVOs and the Emerging Model of Education and Training.
  165. (1993). Patten speeds up new vocational qualifications.
  166. (1993). Patten Welcomes New Era for Further Education London: DfE press release 31
  167. (1993). Patten Welcomes New Era for Further Education. London: DfE press release 5
  168. (1997). Patterns in Development
  169. (1996). Planning. Delivering and Assessing GNVOs.
  170. (1990). Politics and Policy Making in Education.
  171. (1993). Portfolio Development. Towards National Standards. A Guide for Candidates/Advisers and Assessors. Manchester: Development Processes
  172. (1995). Post-Compulsory Education and Training: Statistical Trends. Learning for the Future, Working Paper 7. London and Warwick:
  173. (1993). Prepared to share modules. Times Educational Supplement.
  174. (1997). Principals stand for 16 - 19 parity.
  175. (1997). Problems more newsworthy than progress.
  176. (1995). Progression - HE and Employment
  177. (1995). Progression and the Targets
  178. (1996). Progression to HE was not dependent on achieving a distinction grade or combining a GNVQ with an A level. Even a merit grade or a pass could enable a student to progress to HE (McGavin,
  179. (1996). Pupils shun GNVQ degree path.
  180. (1998). Qualifications Curriculum Authority
  181. (1997). Qualifying for Success.
  182. (1993). Real World Research. A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers.
  183. (1995). Reform costs not just cash.
  184. (1997). Reforms urged for vocational qualifications.
  185. (1993). Research Methods - researching peers and familiar settings.
  186. (1989). Research Methods and Organisation Studies. London: Unwin Hyman.
  187. (1997). Research queries Dearing's parity drive.
  188. (1992). Response to the Consultation on General National Vocational Qualifications
  189. (1996). Review 01100 NVOs and SV sA Report Submitted to the Department for Education and Employment.
  190. (1996). Review of qualifications for 16 - 19 Year Olds: Full Report. London: The School Curriculum and Assessment Authority.
  191. (1996). Rhetoric and Reality of Britain's New Vocational Qualifications London: London School of Economics Centre for Economic Performance.
  192. (1993). Schools alerted to NCVQ Quality. Times Higher Education Supplement.
  193. (1997). Science struggles as a sustainable symbol of survival.
  194. (1997). Separate but Equal ?A levels and GNVOs.
  195. (1994). Silk purses and Sows' Ears: NVQs, GNVQs and Experiential Learning.
  196. (1996). Sir Ron and the great However. Times Educational Supplement.
  197. (1996). Sir Ron's diploma too elitist, say heads.
  198. (1996). Sir Ron's recipe for reform comes without beef. Times Educational Supplement.
  199. (1996). Sixth forms urged to promote parity.
  200. (1996). Staff costs stymie GNVQs.
  201. (1994). Standards safeguard is top of export list.
  202. (1996). Statistics tell a story of success.
  203. (1996). Still talking of a Bac in Wales. Times Educational Supplement.
  204. (1995). Structure and Chaos: Introducing GNVQs as a Vehicle for Institutional Change
  205. (1995). Student Self-evaluation Processes
  206. (1994). Students are caught in the fight between institutions to secure funding. The Guardian.
  207. (1994). Students prefer things as they are.
  208. (1986). Survev OuestionsHandcrafting the Standardised Ouestionnairc Newbury Park and London:
  209. (1992). Teaching and Learning Styles
  210. (1992). The `Alliance' and the Shaping of the Agenda
  211. (1991). The French Baccalaureat Professionel. Working Paper 9. London and Warwick:
  212. (1992). The Labour Party and the Classless Society
  213. (1993). The National Curriculum and its Assessment. Final report. London: The School Curriculum and Assessment Authority.
  214. (1994). The New Qualifications Framework.
  215. (1989). The Paradox of Training. Making Progress Out of Crisis.
  216. (1983). The Post-16 CAT framework and modular developments post 14 in Discussing Credit. FEU Occasional Paper.
  217. (1991). The Reform of
  218. (2000). The revised GNVO.
  219. (1995). The small but significant minority.
  220. (1995). The Strengths and Weaknesses of GNVOs: principles of design. Learning for the Future Working Paper
  221. (1996). The Theory of GNVQ Planning and Assessment.
  222. (1995). The Times Educational Supplement
  223. (1994). Tilting at Windmills: the problems of challenging the National Council for Vocational Qualifications.
  224. (1997). Time to unravel Dearing.
  225. (1996). Timetable of GNVO revisions, implementation and circulation of information.
  226. (1989). Towards a Skills Revolution: Report of the training education task force.
  227. (1996). Towards Employability: Addressing the gap between young people's qualities and employers' recruitment needs. London: Industry in Education.
  228. (1997). Train all workers until 19, says think-tank. Times Educational Supplement.
  229. (1994). Training: An exploration of the word and the concept with an analysis of the implications for survey design.
  230. (1996). Troubled waters stay.
  231. (1994). Tutoring and Guidance post-l6: the students' view.
  232. (1995). Twin tracks en route to an elitist society.
  233. (1994). Uneasy Ministers press ahead. Times Educational Supplement.
  234. (1996). Unhappy verdict on vocational award.
  235. (1993). Vers I'Europe des competences ?
  236. (1997). Vocational A level has failed.
  237. (1994). Vocational Courses: Why the head must rule the heart. The Sunday Times.
  238. (1991). Vocational Education and Democracy
  239. (1990). Vocational Education and Training.
  240. (1996). Vocational exams open doors.
  241. (1981). Vocational qualifications of the labour force in Britain and Germany,
  242. (1993). Vocational Reconstruction and Dewey's Instrumentalism.
  243. (1994). Vocational revolution in trouble. Times Educational Supplement.
  244. (1996). Vocational still seen as the loser's option.
  245. (1996). Vocationalism and vocational courses 14 - 16
  246. (1995). Wanted: a better 16 - 19 bridge.
  247. (1994). What are the implications for education and training `Competitiveness' White Paper.
  248. (1994). Where co-operation gives teenagers a better deal. Times Educational Supplement.
  249. (1991). World Class Targets: A Joint initiative to Achieve Britain's Skills Revolution.
  250. (1987). YTS: The Impact on Further Education London: National Foundation for Educational Research -

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.