Location of Repository

The Civil and Military Patronage of the East India Company, 1784-1858

By John Michael Bourne

Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the role of East India patronage in British social history. It is a study of the recruitment, social origins and training of the East India Company’s civil and military servants, and of the men who recruited them.\ud The Directors of the East India Company presided over a great reservoir of middle-class patronage in a society where access to genteel employment was monopolised by the landed political establishment. The patronage system which, after due regard for their own personal and family interests, they administered with a surprising degree of disinterestedness and integrity, became the means by which the poor and humble were able to realise aspirations to gentility and obtain social status for themselves and their families. India offered few attractions in its own right; its appeal to recruits to the Indian army and civil service lay in the social and economic realities of British middle-class life. In face of these facts the East India Company's attempts to instill in its servants an understanding and appreciation of Indian society and culture proved hapless.\ud The remarkable institutions of' Haileybury and Addiscombe serve only as a reminder of a great opportunity tragically missed

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 1977
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/8425

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1855). [Jacob omnium'], A Letter on Administrative Reform
  2. (1961). 0., British Attitudes Towards India,
  3. (1926). 11., The Nebobs in England: A Study of the Returned Anglo-Indian, 1760-85 (NBtJ
  4. (1730). 1787) 1784-85; Commander R.N.; H.P.
  5. (1746). 1805) 1788-91, 93_95*_96**, 9B... 1800*_0'l**, ret. 1802; Bombay Free Merchant; h.P. Forfar County, 1790-95, Forfar Burghs, 1796-1805; father of 105, uncle of'
  6. (1744). 1807), 1782-5, 87-9"--9Qk* 925*, 97_8*_9*_1800, 02-05; India merchant; h.P.
  7. (1730). 1809j 75, 17*_78_79*_80-*, 82-83*-84*_85**, 93**_94**_95, 97-1800, 02-05, defeated Barnstaple, 1774-80, 1784-96, 1802-06, 1802; 'a self-seeking mediocrity'.
  8. (1750). 1820) 1778-81, 83-85; Lity merchant;
  9. (1779). 1859), 1821-8, 30-3, 35_7*_8*-,:, 40_1_2*_3, 45_7*_8i*, 50-3; adras Cavalry, dismissed in 1809 during the so-called 'White riutiny' at Jaulna, he was restored and ultimately reached the rank of full Leneral; ii.P.
  10. (1782). 1860) 1833-35, 37-39*-40it*, 42-45, 7-50; Sengal Civil Service, a notable 12. Bebb, John ? -
  11. (1806). 1887) 1851, 52-58; East India Company's civil service, China; LP. Cambridge; son of 6; a member of the Oriental Club.
  12. 1tu5), 1784-7, 89-92, 94-7, 99-1802, 04-05; City merchant (prize agent during the American War); Lord Piayor of' London, 1794; a major opponent of Fox's India Bill, 1783; h.P. Southuark, 1784-96; Colonel of' the Honourable Artillery Company.
  13. 36-39, 41-44, 46-49, 51-53; nephew of 104, cousin of' 105, m. a sister of 21.
  14. (1763). 44; East India Company's maritime service; I.P. Perth Burghs, 1620-30; son of' the 5th. Earl of' Balcarres.
  15. (1780). 50-53; shipowner, son of Sir Robert Wigram (1743 - 1830), the great shipping magnate; clos connection of the Money family,
  16. 82-84; i'iadras Civi Service; brother-in-law of Henry tlansittart,
  17. (1919). A Guide to the India Office Records
  18. (1757). A List of the Officers of the Bengal Army,
  19. (1903). A Sketch of the Services of the Bengal Native Army (Revised edition,
  20. (1826). A View of the Systems and Merits of' the East India College at
  21. Abraham (1745 - 1816) 1786, 88-91, 93-96, g 8-1801, a3-Ob, 08-11, 13-15, ret. 1815; India merchant, head of the firm of Robarts, Curtis & Co., Lombard Street; Col. 1st. East India Volunteers.
  22. (1813). Adjourned Debate at the East India House Wedne5day,
  23. (1962). Ainslie 1., Charles Grant and British Rule in India
  24. Alphabetical and Chronological Register,
  25. (1760). Alphabetical List of the Officers of the Indian Army,
  26. (1663). Alumni Westmonasterienses,
  27. (1900). An account of the East India College, Haileybury,' in A. Lawrence Lowell, Colonial Civil Service
  28. (1810). An Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of the 8engal Infantry From its Formation
  29. (1826). An Inquiry into the State of' the Indian Army
  30. (1796). Army; a member of the Oriental Club.
  31. (1974). Barbara,The Dispossessed
  32. (1972). Bobs: Kipling's General
  33. Bornay Civil Service, member of' the Council.
  34. (1963). Burton: a Biography of Sir Richard Francis
  35. (1927). Catalogue of the Home Miscellaneous Series of the India Office Records
  36. Charles 1755 - 182°) 1785-86, 88-91, 93-96, 98_1801*/**, 03-Ob, 08-11, 13-14, ret. 1815; banker; h.P. Warwick Borough, 1802-06; father of' 76. Leamington Spa was 'mills country'.
  37. Charles Elton (7 - 1832) 1820, 22-25, 27-30, 32; East India Companyts maritime service, commander Princess Charlotte, Indiaman; director of the West Middlesex Water Works.
  38. Civil Service, a disciple of' Thomas Ilunro.
  39. Civil Service; the opponent of Robert Clive and frienof Warren Hastings; rl.P.
  40. (1773). clerks included clerks and writers, 2nd. class doorkeepers, office messenqers, and house messengers.
  41. Company (contd.J, A List of the Names of the Members of the United Conpany of' Merchants of' England Trading to the East Indies •.
  42. (1813). Company, Debate at the East India House ....
  43. Consul Venice; Elder Brother .of the Trinity House; Knight of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order; Owner of large estates in Java; an Evangelical and leading Protestant pamphleteer; went bankrupt; F.R.S., F.R.ILS.; son of 80.
  44. (1851). Correspondence, 12 Vols.
  45. Countess of F'Unto,
  46. (1814). Debate at the East India House ...
  47. (1848). Debates at the East India House,
  48. (1849). Deficiency of' European Officers in the Indian Army: b Dna of Themselves /3,
  49. (1841). Dickens to Angela Burdett—Coutts,
  50. (1853). Dudley Coutts (1820 - 1894) 1853; banker; partner Meux & Co., brewers; later 1st. Baron Tueedrnouth; h. p .
  51. Edward (7 - 1827) 1797-98, 1800-03, 05_06*_07**_ 08**,
  52. (1959). Edward Carduell's abolition of the purchase system in the British army, 1868-74: a study in administrative and legislative process,' Ph.D.,
  53. (1824). Elizabeth Colle9e Register,
  54. (1900). English Landed Society in the Eighteenth èntury (1963) -(lockler-Ferryman, 1.F., Innals of Sandhurst
  55. (1859). Essays, Military and Political, Written in
  56. (1791). Eton School Lists,
  57. (1948). F.R. Bonham: Conservative "Political Secretary", 1B32-47,'
  58. (1849). Facts and Reflections by a Subaltern of the Indian Army
  59. Fergusson,Robert Cutlar (1768 - 1838) 1830-31, 33-35, ret. 1835; judge Advocate General, Calcutta; IP. Kircudbright 1826-38; a vigorous supporter of liberal causes.
  60. (1936). Fifty Years with
  61. (1892). Flountstuart Elphinstone
  62. (1807). George Woodford (1764 - 1811) 1796-97, 99-1802, 04-07; merchant;
  63. (1912). Gordons Under Arms (Vol.3, House of Gordon,
  64. (1894). H.1l., Addiscombe: Its Heroes and Men of Note
  65. Henry (1787 - 1861) 1826, 28-31, 33-6, 38-41, 43-6, 48-51, 53; second son of Robert Mlexander of Seamount and Dublin, merchant; late Bank of Hindustan, Calcutta; a member of the Oriental Club.
  66. (1961). Henry Dundas and the Government of India, 1773-1801,' 0. Phil.,
  67. (1916). Henry Dundas Viscount
  68. Henry Gardiner was nominated a writer to Madras by Mr. G.W, Thellusson in 1807-B. Given to rr, Woodford and £3,OJ was recieved for it from I'rs. Gardiner by fr.
  69. (1842). Hints to Cadets
  70. History of' the Rise and Progress of' the Bengal Army (1850). [Burke, James HenryJ, Addiscombe: A Tale of' Our Times by J.H.B. j1835) LCopy in Croydon Public Library].
  71. (1838). Home Education
  72. iackson,william Mdair (? - 1804) 1803-04; father of 54.
  73. Ilaj.Gen. Sir .lohn Hussey (1802 - 1887) 1856-58; Madras Mrmy; natural son of' Sir Richard Hussey Vivian,
  74. Ilorris,_John (7 - ?) 1814-17,
  75. (1800). India in English Fiction,
  76. (1911). Indian and Home Memories
  77. Inglis ir Hugh (c. 1744 - 1812) 1784-87, 89-92, 94_96* 97**, 9y*...18oO.*#...Q2 04-07, 09_11*_12*; Bengal merchant; i.P. Hshburton, 1802-06; father of 52..
  78. ir i-wbert (1771 - 1858) 1817, l g-22,
  79. John (c.1724 - 1802) 1781-84, 86-89, 91-94*, 96-99, 18UTO2; (iadras Civil Service;
  80. (1831). King's College School: Alumni,
  81. (1934). Laurence of Lucknow
  82. lexander (1758 - 1819) 1808-11, 13-16, ret. 1817; i1adras Army;
  83. LieutenantJ, Fifteen Years in India, or Sketches of a Soldier's Life
  84. (1933). Life of' Henry Dundas
  85. Lord Plinto
  86. (1774). Lord William Bentinck: the Making of' a Liberal Imperialist,
  87. (1920). Meadows Taylor's 'Story of' Ply Life'
  88. (1951). Memoirs of a Bengal Civilian (Ed.
  89. (1839). Memoirs of a Cadet
  90. (1843). Memoirs of a Grtf'fth, a Cacat'a S't. ''ear in indIa, 2 Vols.
  91. Memoirs of a Highland Lady (Ed. Lady Strachey,
  92. (1839). Memoirs of' the Early Life and Services of a Field Officer on the Retired List of the Indian Army
  93. (1885). memorials of the Life and Letters öTiiajor-General Sir H.8. Edwardes, by his Wife
  94. Merchiston Castle School Register 1833 to 1962 (5th. ad.,
  95. Miexander (c.1764 - 1820) 1814-17, 19-20; Indian army;
  96. (1869). Military Forces of'
  97. (1917). Mrs., Observations on the Musuirnans of India (2nd. ad., with notes and an introduction by
  98. Nathaniel (c.1721 - 1794) 1774-75, 77-80, 82*_ 83*/**_84**_85*, 8?'-_88**_90, 92-94; East India Co.'s maritime service, commander Lord Camden;
  99. (1973). Oakf'Ield (1853;
  100. (1964). Officer Tradition in the Indian Army,' Royal United Service Institution of India,
  101. (1968). Open Competition and the I.C.S., 1854-76,'
  102. (1855). Our Government Offices
  103. Our Noble and Gentle Families of Royal Descent,
  104. Pattle Thomas (1748-1818) 1787-90, 92-94, ret. 1795; Bengal Civil Service; returned to Bengal 1795 (-1810) and filled various offices.
  105. (1963). Peninsular Preparation (Cambridge,
  106. Plouden William Henry Chicheley (1787-1880) 1841-44, 46-49, 51-5!3; East India Company's civil service, China; I1.P. Newport (iou) 1847-52; son of 91.
  107. (1881). Political Diary, 2 tlols.
  108. (1953). Politics in the Age of Peel
  109. (1969). Private Education from the Sixteenth Century,' Victoria County Hi5tory,
  110. (1757). Problems of Empire: Britain and India,
  111. (1828). Proceedings of' the Court of Directors ... to Investi9ate Transactions Connected With an Abuse of Patronage; Together With a Report of the Trial of' Samuel Sutton and Others
  112. (1929). R letter of Warren Hastings on the civil service of the East India iompany,'
  113. (1915). Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official
  114. (1910). Recollections of a Long Life, 6 Vols.
  115. (1914). Records of the ChicheleyPlowdens,
  116. Records of the Royal Military Academy (Wooluich,
  117. (1961). Records of' the Royal Military Academy (Wooluich, 1851); Sir
  118. (1966). Recruitment and Training of British Civil Servants in India, 1800-1860,'
  119. Regulations for the Good Government of' the Military Seminary (1825). East India Military Calendar.
  120. (1828). Report of' the London Oriental Institution
  121. Richard (1738 - 1835) 1784-85; City merchant;
  122. Richard (1749 - 1824) 1810-13, 15-16, ret. 1817; one of' the great family of tea-merchants of the Strand.
  123. Richard (7 - 1817) 1815-17, son of 87.
  124. Richard Chicheley (1743-1830) 1803-06, 08-Il, 13-16, 18-21, 23-26, 28-29; Bengal Civil Service; father of 92; a friend of the Duc , hess of Angouleme, the Polignacs and other French Royalist ernigr6s; a client of 77.
  125. (1958). Rider on a Grey Horse
  126. (1900). riorse, account of the East india College at tiaileybury, 1806-1857,' in IL aurence Lowell isd.j, Colonial Civil Service (New y ork,
  127. (1951). Rlphabetical list of the Directors of the East india i.ompany from 1758 to 1858,'
  128. Robert (1767 - 1847) 1809-12, son of Robert Williams (1739 - 1814), a banker and ship's husband of Birchin Lane and r.P. Dorchester; M.P. Dorchester; nephew of 131.
  129. Robert Townsend (1776 - 1830) 1826-28; Madras Civil Service, Lt. l3ov. Pub Penang, Co y . iiaunitius where he was an active opponent of the slave trade; Bt. 1830; ri.P3 rewton, 1825-26, Hythe, 1826-30; son of a well-known doctor.
  130. (1786). rtadras Civil Service; son of 27.
  131. Samuel (1755 - 1793) 1783-86, ret. 1786; shipoiner;
  132. Samuel (7 - 18i9 1810-12, 14-17, 19; engal Civil Service, late Accountant General, 'one of the mo5t intelligent of the corps'• 33.
  133. (1974). Scotland: the Shaping of a Nation
  134. Sir Charles (? -
  135. Sir David (1782 - 1851) 1814-17, 19-20, ret. 1820; manager 0.
  136. (1802). Sir Francis (1740 - 1810) 1779-82, 8487, 89 91*_92**, 94-97, 99-1802, 04-07, 09-10; founder of Baring Brothers;
  137. Sir Frederick (1799 - 1875) 1854-56, 57* 58**; Bengal Civil Service, drew up the peace treaty after the First Sikh War.
  138. Sir George (1786-1872) 1854-55, 58; youngest son of' Diid Pollock, saddler to George III; field marshal, hero of the First Afghan War.
  139. Sir George Abercrombie (1759 - 1832)1808-11, 13-ib, 18_19*_20**_21, 23_25*_26**, 28, ret. 1829; Bengal Civil Service, secretary to Lord Cornuallis, Military Auditor General; 11.P.
  140. Sir Henry (1788 -
  141. Sir Henry Creswicke (1810 - 1895) 1856-58; East India CympBny's military service; a distinguished Assyricgist; Pres.
  142. (1847). Sir James Weir (1790 - 1876) 1839-42, 44_45*_46**_ 47, 49_SO*_51*_52**, S458; Registrar of the Supreme Court of Calcutta;
  143. Sir John (1763 - 1820) 1807-10, 12-15, 17-20; shipowner; M.I-. Dover, 1806-20; son of 55.
  144. Sir John Pollard (1799 - 1866) 1854-58; Bombay Civil Service, suppressed infantanticiJe and suttee in
  145. Sir Lawrence (1799-1884) 1857; Chief Justice of Calcutta; first cousin of Sjr Robert Peel; statue to his memory erected in Calcutta.
  146. (1949). sir Lharles Trevelyan and civil service reform, 1853-55,'
  147. Sir Lionel (1742 - 1803) 1780-83, 85-88, 90-93, 95-98, 1800-03; bengal Civil Service; 'i.P. Lyme Hegis, 1780,
  148. (1914). Sir Melville, Days of' My Years
  149. (1746). Sir Mrchibald (1780 - 1850) 1840, 42-45, 47_48'-_49 r*_5O; Bengal 4rmy; author On the sieges of India; his son, Mrchibald Galloway, uengal Civil Service, was killed defending the Treasury at Delhi in 1857. -46.
  150. Sir Richard (1785 - 1853) 1832-35, 3738*_39**_ 40, 42-45, 47-50, 52-53; Bombay Civil Service, a distinguished Indian administrator; ri.P.
  151. (1970). Sir Walter Scott,
  152. Sir William (? - 1810) 1781-4, 86-89, 91-94, 96-99, 18D1-04, 06-09; bengal Civil Service; originally served in the R,N.; m. i1ary Briscoe, grand-daughter of 8th. Duke of Somerset.
  153. (1960). Sjr Charles Trevelyan at the Treasury,t
  154. (1963). social origins of officers in the Indian and British home armies 1758-1962,'
  155. (1968). South Asian History, 1750-1950: a Guide to Periodicals, Dissertations and Newspapers
  156. (1817). Statments Respecting the East India College
  157. Stphen (1741 - 1805) 1790, 91-94, 9b-99, 1801-04; Elder Brother of the Trinity House; East India Company's maritime service, commander Hector,
  158. (1894). t alJ, Memorials of' Old Haileybury College
  159. (1964). tconomical reform, 1779-1787,' Law Quarterly evieu, 60 i1934) Moore, i.J., 'The abolition of patronage in the t.e.s. and the closure of Haileybury tollege,'
  160. Ten Years in India (1850).
  161. (1965). The 9rigins and recruitment of the British army elite, 1870-1959,' Ph.D.,
  162. (1784). The Admission Registers of St. Paul's School,
  163. (1964). The Age of Equipoise
  164. (1903). The Bayard ol' India: a Life of Sir James Outram
  165. The Bengal Native Inrantry,
  166. The Book of Scotsmen Eminent for Achievements in Arms and i\rts,
  167. The British in Benares,'
  168. (1820). The Cadet's Guide to
  169. (1859). The Castes of Edinburgh
  170. (1857). The Choice of a Profession
  171. The Clapham Sect: some political and social aspects,'
  172. (1963). The Correspondence of George,
  173. The County Families of the United Kingdom
  174. (1801). The Debates •... at the East. India House on Wednesday,
  175. (1974). The Dl5possessed
  176. (1893). The Early Days of'
  177. (1972). The East India Company and Army Reform
  178. (1955). The East india Company's Education of Its Own Servants,'
  179. (1924). The East India House: its History and Associations
  180. (1914). The Edinburgh Academy Register
  181. (1973). The Education of a Ruling Class: the Indian Civil Service in the Era of Competitive Examination,'
  182. (1813). The Expediency Maintained of Continuing the ystem by which the Trade and Government of India are Now Regulated
  183. (1906). The Good Old Days of Honourable
  184. (1906). The Great Governing Families of England,
  185. (1973). The Great Reform Act
  186. (1965). The Growth of the British Civil Service (Frank Cass,
  187. (1860). The Handybook of the Civil Service
  188. (1905). The Hearseys: Five Generations of an AngloIndian Family
  189. (1948). The Hero o' Delhi, a Life of John Nicholson (Penquin,
  190. (1972). The home government of India, 1834-1853,'
  191. (1971). The Indian Army
  192. (1974). The Indian Army (Newton Abbot,
  193. (1938). The Letters of King George IV, 1812-1830 3 Vols.
  194. (1902). The Letters of Sir Walter
  195. (1873). The Life and Correspondence of Field Marshal Sir George Pollock
  196. (1909). The Life and Letters of Lord Ilacaulay
  197. (1904). The Life of Charles Grant
  198. (1937). The Life of Charles, Lord Iletcalfe
  199. (1901). The Life of Hodson of Hodson's Horse
  200. (1902). The Life of Sir Walter
  201. (1906). The Lives of Indian Officers, 2 Vols.
  202. (1858). The Marchioness of (ad.), The Private Journal of'
  203. The Medical Professi2n in the Eighteenth Century,'
  204. (1954). The Nineteenth-Century Country Parson (Shreusbury,
  205. (1968). The Organisation of the English Customs System,
  206. (1842). The Parent's Handbook
  207. (1933). The Private Record of an Indian GovernorGeneralship: the Correspondence of Sir John shore, Governor-General, with Henry IDundas,
  208. (1933). The Professions
  209. (1952). The professions in the Lighteenth Lentury,'
  210. (1973). The Public Schools
  211. (1928). The Records of Old hiestminsters, 2 Vols.
  212. (1920). The Ritchies in India
  213. (1835). The Roffensian Register,
  214. (1864). The Scot Abroad, 2 Iols.
  215. (1966). The Scots Overseas
  216. (1909). The Sedbergh School Re9istar, 1546 to
  217. (1950). The Sherborne Re9ister,
  218. (1969). The Thackerays in India (1897). Ingram, Edward (ad.), Two Views of British India: the Private Correspondence of fir. Dundas and Lord (Jellesley,
  219. (1858). The Three Clerks
  220. The United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies, 1783-1796,' Econ.
  221. (1858). The Views and Opinions of Brigadier General
  222. (1947). The Waning of "the influence of the Crcwn",'
  223. (1968). The Works of' Jane Austen (Spring Books,
  224. Thomas (? - 1824) 1803, 05-08, 10-13, 15*16**_ 18, 20*_21**_23; head of the Lity merchants, eid, Irving
  225. Thomas i,? -
  226. tiudleston,John çc.1749 - 1853) 1803-6, 08-11, 13-16, 18-21, 23-25, ret. 1S26; iiadras Civil service; ii.P.
  227. (1883). Travels in India a Hundred Years Ago
  228. Treasury Patronage: The Impediment to Economy and Retrenchment
  229. Twelve Years of a Soldier's Life in India (3rd. ad., 1659). Hyams, Edward (ad.), Tame's 'Notes on Ecigland'
  230. ueight in our Court'.
  231. (1867). Up the Country
  232. (1973). Who's Who in Scottish History
  233. William (7 - 1796) 1789-92, 94-95; East India Company's maritime service, commander Gatton, Indiaman; Elder Brother of the Trinity House; father of 60.
  234. william 5tanly (? -
  235. William Henry (1790 - 1872) 1840-42, 44-47, 4 g-52, 54...55*....5o**...58; Bengal Army; naturalist; 1.P. Aberdeen, 1857-72; Royal Commissioner in Lunacy, 1835-45; Lord Rector Marischal College,
  236. William Henry Leslie (1788 - 1858) 1845-46, 46-51, 53-55; Bengal Cfvil Service; son of 7th. Earl of Leven & 6th. Earl of Melville; his mother was a daughter of John Thornton of Clapham, a leading Evangelical; Robert Thornton, no. 120, was his uncle.
  237. William Taylor (1769 - 1840) 1818, 20-23, 25, rBt. 1826; East India Company's maritime service, commander General Goddard, Ualthamstow, Indiamen, involved in the capture of a Dutch convoy off St. Helena in 1795; Marine Superintendent,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.