Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The experience of care staff delivering reminiscence sessions to people with dementia

By Susan Pullan

Abstract

Literature review. A systematic review of the literature on the effects of reminiscence on communication with people with dementia was conducted. The focus was the impact of reminiscence on communication and implications for care improvement. Reminiscence can potentially improve communication with people with dementia in several ways. Evidence was strongest for improvement in content of communication, following life review interventions. Research report. A qualitative study was carried out to explore the experiences of care staff delivering life storybook sessions to people with dementia. Eleven participants were interviewed, and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) used for analysis. Six themes were identified: Barriers to Personhood; Meeting the Person through Life Storybooks; Rehumanising the Person; Rehumanising the Professional; a Changed Relationship; and Plans for the Future. The starting context for many was a restrictive environment and a lost/hidden person. Participants were generally able to develop a more intimate connection with the individual person through delivering life storybook sessions. The experience seemed to rehumanise the person and the professional through the development of their relationship beyond formal staff-patient interactions. However, staff plans for future sessions tended to move away from that one to one relationship, perhaps to more effectively manage the complexity of the work. Links to literature on reminiscence, identity, social psychology and social defence systems are explored. Implications for clinical practice arising include involving care staff in delivering life storybook sessions, supported by clinical supervision. Areas for future research include evaluating changes in ward atmosphere and Dementia Care Mapping to explore care improvements from the care receiver perspective. Critical appraisal. An in depth account of the researcher‟s reflections on the experience of the research process is provided. Her personal contribution to design, procedure and analysis, and learning outcomes are explored

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/8336

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2002). A pilot study of the physiological and behavioural effects of snoezelen in dementia. doi
  2. (2006). A preliminary investigation into the use of reminiscence and life review books as aids to promoting wellbeing for individuals. Unpublished thesis.
  3. (1997). A therapeutic programme for people with dementia. doi
  4. (1989). Ageing and reminiscence processes. doi
  5. (2002). An activity-based intervention for caregivers and residents with dementia in nursing homes. doi
  6. (2000). Challenging behaviour in dementia. A person-centred approach. doi
  7. (1994). Charting the course of quality care.
  8. (1950). Childhood and Society, doi
  9. Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI) (2008) See me, not just the dementia: understanding people‟s experiences of living in a care home.
  10. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. doi
  11. (1997). Dementia Reconsidered: The Person Comes First. Buckinghamshire:
  12. (2007). Dementia UK: A report into the prevalence and cost of dementia.
  13. (2004). Dementia: sociological and philosophical constructions. doi
  14. (1992). Discourse dynamics: critical analysis for social and individual psychology. doi
  15. (2002). Evaluating reminiscence for people with dementia: A pilot study. doi
  16. (1999). Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields. doi
  17. (1987). Explaining senile dementia: the limits of neuropathological research.
  18. (2006). Exploring Community Nurses‟ Perceptions of Life Review in Palliative Care. doi
  19. (1979). Improving the care of the elderly.
  20. (2008). Interpretative phenomenological analysis, in Qualitative Psychology: a practical guide to research methods. doi
  21. (2008). Introducing Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology. Second Edition.
  22. (2003). Life review: Treating the dyadic family unit with dementia. doi
  23. (2009). Living Well with Dementia: A National Dementia Strategy. Retrieved from the Web 6th
  24. (1994). Memory, mood and dementia: A case study. doi
  25. (1975). Mini-mental State: A Practical Method For Grading the Cognitive Status of Patients for the Clinician. doi
  26. (1997). Narrative identity and dementia: A study of emotion and narrative in older people with dementia. doi
  27. (1998). Narrative intentions: Listening to life stories in alzheimer's disease. doi
  28. (2006). Preservation of self in people with dementia living in residential care: A socio-biographical approach. doi
  29. (2005). Qualitative interviews in psychology: problems and possibilities. doi
  30. (2005). Quality and trustworthiness in qualitative research in counselling psychology. doi
  31. (2001). Quality of care in private sector and NHS facilities for people with dementia: cross-sectional survey. doi
  32. (2000). Reality orientation for dementia: A systematic review of the evidence of effectiveness from randomised controlled trials. doi
  33. Reminiscence therapy for dementia. doi
  34. (2003). Seeing the person behind the patient: enhancing the care of older people using a biographical approach. doi
  35. (2002). Snoezelen for dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews doi
  36. (2003). Social Constructionism (second edition). doi
  37. (2005). Systematic Review of Psychological Approaches to the Management of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Dementia. doi
  38. (1988). The functioning of social systems as a defence against anxiety: A report on a study of the nursing service of a general hospital. In Isabel Menzies Lyth Containing anxiety in institutions: Selected essays (Volume 1). doi
  39. (1963). The life review: an interpretation of reminiscence in the aged. doi
  40. (2006). The northern ireland life review/life storybook project for people with dementia. doi
  41. (1994). Three: Critical Appraisal Burman, E.
  42. (1975). Understanding Psychiatric Nursing. Royal College of Nursing,
  43. (2003). Validation therapy for dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews doi
  44. (2006). What is good qualitative research? A first step towards a comprehensive approach to judging rigour/quality. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.