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Diagn?stico dos res?duos s?lidos do munic?pio de Santa Rosa/RS

By Ronaldo Felipe Dal Pai

Abstract

The increasing of generation of solid waste in Brazil has caused huge environmental problems, mainly because there is no proper disposal of it. Law 12305, from 2010, says that is mandatory to elaborate a Municipal Plan of Solid Waste, given that many Brazilian cities do not do it, Santa Rosa, included in this context, elaborates its PMGRS during 2015-2016, being this research performance during the diagnostic phase of the current situation, regarding the second phase of the plan preparation. The research aimed to analyze the management, existent projects besides performing a qualitative and qualitative analysis of RSU. It was used the City Hall available data, companies and entities connected to the department. The waste was featured through a gravimetric analysis, per capita generation and quantification of collected waste. Also, management units of waste inside and outside the city observing legal points, number of people involved in the activities and amount of prepared / processed waste were studied. The results obtained were a per capita generation of 0,69 kg.inh-1.day-1, being these compound of 38% of recyclable waste, 50,4% of organics and 10,1% of other wastes, a monthly collection of about 1400 ton, and a total of 21 waste management companies. From the results it was observed a large increase in the generation and collection in recent years, besides problems in the management of some departments and the great economic and social importance that solid waste has within the municipality.O crescente aumento na gera??o de res?duos s?lidos no Brasil tem ocasionado grandes problemas ambientais, principalmente devido a m? destina??o destes. A Lei N?12.305 de 2010 prev? a obrigatoriedade da elabora??o do Plano Municipal de Gest?o de Res?duos S?lidos(PMGRS), tendo em vista que muitos munic?pios brasileiros n?o elaboraram seus planos. O Munic?pio, dentro deste contexto, elabora seu PMGRS durante o per?odo de 2015-2016, sendo este estudo realizado durante a fase de diagn?stico da situa??o atual, referente ? segunda fase da elabora??o do plano. O estudo teve por objetivo analisar a gest?o, os projetos j? existentes, al?m de realizar uma an?lise quali-quantitativa dos RSU. Foram utilizados dados disponibilizados pela prefeitura municipal, empresas e entidades ligadas ao setor. Os res?duos foram caracterizados atrav?s de an?lise gravim?trica, gera??o per capita e quantifica??o dos res?duos coletados. Tamb?m foram estudadas as unidades de manejo dos res?duos dentro e fora do munic?pio, observando quest?es legais, n?mero de pessoas envolvidas nas atividades e quantidade de res?duos dispostos/processados. Os resultados obtidos foram de uma gera??o per capta de 0,69 kg hab -1 dia -1 , sendo estes compostos por 38 % de res?duos recicl?veis, 50,4 % de org?nicos e 10,1 % de outros res?duos, al?m disoo s?o mensalmente coletados cerca de 1400 toneladas, e um total de 21 empresas de manejo de res?duos. A partir dos resultados foi constatado um amento acentuado na gera??o e coleta nos ?ltimos anos, al?m de problemas na gest?o de alguns setores e a grande import?ncia econ?mico-social que os res?duos s?lidos desempenham dentro do munic?pio

Topics: Res?duos s?lidos, Meio ambiente, Plano Municipal de Gest?o de Res?duos S?lidos, Santa Rosa, Polui??o ambiental
Publisher: UFFS
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:rd.uffs.edu.br:prefix/620

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