Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Change and Decay: The Warwickshire Manors of the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield from the Late Thirteenth to the Late Sixteenth Centuries

By Penelope Jayne George Upton


This thesis consists of an in-depth study of the medieval Warwickshire manors of the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield: Chadshunt and Nether Itchington which succumbed to depopulation and Gaydon, Upper Itchington and Tachbrook which continue to thrive. Chapter 2 sets the scene with an examination of the early history of the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield; and the topographical setting and field system of each manor. In Chapters 3 and 4 evidence of weaknesses and incipient problems or otherwise in both the rural economy and social structure in the late-thirteenth and early-fourteenth centuries is investigated in order to find early signs of the later problems which beset Chadshunt and Nether Itchington. In Chapter 5 agrarian by-laws are discussed and the transition from a two- to a three-field system at Gaydon, peasant cultivation of crops and ownership of livestock analysed. In Chapter 6 the final century of episcopal lordship is explored, before moving on to Thomas Fisher's tenure -as lord from 1547. Fisher has long been viewed as the depopulator of Nether Itchington and demolisher of its parish church. The blame is moved from his shoulders and laid on a decline in ale-brewing, a lack of heirs at Nether Itchington from 1550s, a seigneurial policy whereby tenants were encouraged by very favourable terms to take up holdings in Upper Itchington, and the turbulence caused by the Reformation. Fisher was also not responsible for the decline of Chadshunt, the seeds of whose decline were probably sown by the Newsarn family and their enclosing activities. In Chapter 7 non-agrarian by-laws, land transfers, the landless, population turnover and contacts made beyond the manor are discussed

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2002
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1989). A Marginal Economy? East Anglian Breckland in the Later Middle Ages (Cambridge, doi
  2. (1992). A Medieval Oxfordshire Peasant Land Market in
  3. (1992). a modern transcript of PRO, E 143/9/4, extent of the temporalities of the bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield, 1360 Add Ch 49438,49441,49443, view of frankpledge,
  4. (1974). An edition of the register of Reginald Bowlers, Bishop of Coventry
  5. (1981). Approaches to the adoption of the midland system',
  6. (1975). Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (1447-52)', doi
  7. (1988). Chadshunt', Medieval Settlement R
  8. (1975). Cumulative debt: the bishops of Coventry and Lichfield and their economic problems', doi
  9. (1985). Economic Growth England in the Later Middle Ages (London,
  10. (1982). Field and Forest An Historical Geography of Warwickshire and Worcestershire doi
  11. (1995). How urbanized was medieval England? ',
  12. (1985). Joannis Rossi Antiquarii Warwicensis Historia Regum Angliae (Oxford,
  13. (1985). Manorial Accounts of St. Swithun's Priory, Winchester', Economic History Review doi
  14. (1949). of the Public Records, Appendix 2 to the 7th Report (London,
  15. (1978). Peasants and Landlords
  16. (1973). The agrarian context', doi
  17. (1991). The determinants of land productivity on the Bishop of Winchester's demesne of Rimpton, 1208-1403', in
  18. (2000). The English Rural Landscape
  19. (1950). The Leicestershire farmer in the siAteenth century, in doi
  20. (1979). The low yields of corn in medieval England', Economic History Review 2nd ser. doi
  21. (1936). The Place-Names of Warwickshire, doi
  22. (1987). The productivity of medieval sheep on the g thesis,
  23. (1955). The returns of the Inquisitions of Depopulation', doi
  24. (1988). The Warwickshire Arden: the evolution and future of an historic landscape', doi
  25. (1972). Titow, Winchester Yields A Study in Medieval Agricultural Productivity (Cambridge, doi
  26. Warrant to the sheriff etc of Kineton Hundred (1522] Public Record Office C 66/821,
  27. (1993). Warwickshire's Histoncal Landscape The Arden

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.