Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Leadership progression of Muslim male teachers: interplay of ethnicity, faith and visibility

By Saeeda J. A. Shah and Jalil Shaikh


The paper focuses on perceived barriers to the career progression of Muslim male teachers to leadership positions in English secondary schools, exploring the impact of ethnicity, faith and Muslim visibility in the post 9/11 scenario. It draws on a small study of Muslim male teachers (MMTs) from five boroughs in London to explore their experiences and perceptions. The research evidenced that the participating MMTs faced multiple barriers and diverse expressions of discrimination in their career progression. Although much of the discrimination reported was covert in nature, a lack of understanding of issues relating to diversity, Islamophobia, visibility and religious/ethnic affiliations was identified as a major contributing factor to this discrimination. The paper draws attention to the issues of equal opportunities, social justice and inclusion linked to marginalisation of a particular group of the workforce and its impact on individuals' career destinations as well as its long-term implications for societal cohesion

Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1080/13632430903509733
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2003). Young British Muslims: Social space and active identity. PhD diss.
  2. (2004). Justifying Islamophobia: A post 9/11 consideration of the European Union and British contexts.
  3. (2004). Muslims on education; A position paper. Richmond: The Association of Muslim Social Scientists, Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism and FED
  4. (2007). The bar is slightly higher’: The perception of racism in teacher education. doi
  5. (2006). Did they jump or were they pushed? Reasons why minority ethnic trainees withdraw from initial teacher training courses. doi
  6. (1996). Cartographies of diaspora: Contesting identities. doi
  7. (2006). Black and minority ethnic leaders in England: a portrait. doi
  8. (2006). Moral purpose and the black or global majority school leader. The London Centre for Leadership
  9. (1997). Islamophobia: A challenge for us all. London: The Runnymede Trust.
  10. (2003). Aiming high: Raising the achievement of minority ethnic pupils.
  11. (1996). Diversity and the demands of leadership. doi
  12. (2002). Unholy war: Terror in the name of Islam. Oxford: doi
  13. (2003). Individual differences and organizational forms in the leadership process. doi
  14. (2001). Racism, policy and the mis-education of Black children.
  15. (2000). The colour of teaching.
  16. (1999). The making of educational leaders. doi
  17. (2004). Civil rights in peril: The targeting of Arabs and Muslims. doi
  18. (2004). Islamophobia in North America: Confirming the menace. In Confronting Islamophobia
  19. (2001). Evaluating the performance of minority ethnic pupils in secondary schools. doi
  20. (2001). Religious discrimination in England and Wales. London: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate. doi
  21. (1998). Islam in transition: Religion and identity among British Pakistani youth.
  22. (1996). The implementation of the Code of Practice in primary and secondary schools: A national survey of perceptions of special educational needs coordinators.
  23. (2002). Esmee Fairbairn project: An investigation into black and minority ethnic school leaders’ access to career progression through the National Professional Qualification for Headship.
  24. (2007). Leadership and diversity: Challenging theory and practice in education. doi
  25. (2006). Black managers in further education: Career hopes and hesitations. doi
  26. (2004). Mayor of London Report.
  27. (2002). Challenge plus: The experience of Black and minority school leaders. National College for School Leadership. http://www.nationalcollege.
  28. (1997). Difference’, cultural racism and anti-racism. doi
  29. (2006). Multicultural politics: Racism, ethnicity and Muslims in Britain. Edinburgh: doi
  30. (2004). A report by the Metropolitan Police Authority.
  31. (2004). Islamophobia issues, challenges and action. A report by the Commission on British Muslims and Islamophobia. Stoke-on-Trent: doi
  32. (2008). Corporate Plan, 2008/09, NCSL. Equal Access to Promotion Index.
  33. (1987). Muslims in Britain. Searching for an identity. doi
  34. (2002). Recruitment and retention of teachers and headteachers: Strategies adopted by LEAs. Report from the Office of Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Schools.
  35. (2003). Muslim women teachers: Life histories, identities and citizenship.
  36. (2006). Changing leadership in contexts of diversity: Visibility, invisibility and demographic ideals. doi
  37. (1999). Black teachers giving voice: Choosing and experiencing teaching. doi
  38. (2003). Teachers’ careers: The impact of age, disability, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation.
  39. (2000). Race Relations Amendment Act 2000, Chapter 34 _ Further extension of 1976 Act to Police and other public authorities. doi
  40. (2002). The Race Relations Amendment Act. Race Equality Schemes. Commission on British Muslims and Islamophobia.
  41. (2003). The Race Relations Act doi
  42. (2004). The achievement of British Pakistani learners: Work in progress: The report of the RAISE project, 2002_04, funded by Yorkshire Forward.
  43. (2004). Curriculum, ethos and leadership: Confronting Islamophobia in UK education.
  44. (2004). Gender and race in leadership preparation: A constrained discourse. doi
  45. (2007). Media, racism and Islamophobia: The representation of Islam and Muslims in the media. doi
  46. (2005). Islamophobia: A new word for an old fear.
  47. (2006). Leading multiethnic schools: A new understanding of Muslim youth identity. doi
  48. (2008). Leading multi-ethnic schools: Adjustments in concepts and practices for engaging with diversity. doi
  49. (1993). Racial equality and effective teacher education.
  50. (1990). Multicultural education in white schools.
  51. (2006). Face values: Visible/invisible governors on the board and organisational responses to the race equality agenda. doi
  52. (2004). Introduction. In Confronting Islamophobia

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.