Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Satellite Observations of C2H2 and C2H6 in the Upper Troposphere

By Robert John Parker

Abstract

In this thesis, the potential for the observation of acetylene (C2H2) and ethane (C2H6) from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) infrared limb emission spectra is assessed. C2H2 is primarily produced from biomass and biofuel burning with C2H6 also emitted during natural gas production. The ability to successfully observe such species at high spatial and temporal resolutions allows a detailed study of their sources and transport to be conducted, an area of uncertainty in global tropospheric chemistry.\ud A fast detection algorithm for both C2H2 and C2H6 in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UTLS) was developed (Chapter 4), capable of performing a “first look” at MIPAS data. Monthly C2H2 detection results for 2003 were analysed and shown to be well-correlated to retrieval results. This allowed African and Asian biomass burning transport, the relative influence of biomass burning to natural gas sources and the Asian monsoon anticyclone formation to be investigated.\ud An optimal estimation retrieval was developed for both gases and successfully applied for August 2003 (Chapter 5). This enabled the vertical structure of the distributions to be examined in the context of deep convection as well as the chemical isolation of the Asian monsoon anticyclone and biomass burning export.\ud Of particular note were the results that C2H2 was clearly isolated within the anticyclone and the observation of uplift via deep convection of C2H2 over South-East Asia (Chapter 6). Evidence for the penetration of C2H2 from the troposphere into the stratosphere above the anticyclone is also presented.\ud Ratios of the gas concentrations were examined (Chapter 6). The C2H2/CO ratio provides information on the photochemical evolution of the biomass burning plumes. The C2H2/C2H6 ratio suggests differentiation of biomass burning and fossil fuel production sources. C2H6 enhancements observed over Mexico are attributed to the processing of natural gas

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/7955

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2003). A blind test retrieval experiment for infrared limb emission spectrometry’,
  2. (2006). A case study of pyro-convection using transport model and remote sensing data’, doi
  3. (2005). A review of biomass burning emissions, part i: gaseous emissions of carbon monoxide, methane, volatile organic compounds, and nitrogen containing compounds’, doi
  4. (2001). A tropospheric ozone maximum over the Middle East’, doi
  5. (1978). Acetylene in the atmosphere: sources, representative ambient concentrations and ratios to other hydrocarbons’, Atmospheric Environment 12(6-7), doi
  6. (1980). An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation, doi
  7. (2003). An inventory of gaseous and primary aerosol emissions in Asia in the year 2000’, doi
  8. (2001). Asian chemical outflow to the Pacific in spring: Origins, pathways, and budgets’, doi
  9. (2007). Atmospheric acetylene and its relationship with CO as an indicator of air mass age’, doi
  10. (2005). Atmospheric chemistry experiment (ACE): Mission overview’,
  11. (1996). Biomass burning emissions and vertical distribution of atmospheric methyl halides and other reduced carbon gases in the South Atlantic region’, doi
  12. (1990). Biomass burning in the tropics: Impact on atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycles’, doi
  13. (1991). Biomass energy’, doi
  14. (2006). Carbon monoxide (CO) maximum over the Zagros mountains in the Middle East: Signature of mountain venting?’, doi
  15. (2009). Carbon monoxide distributions from the upper troposphere to the mesosphere inferred from 4.7 휇m non-local thermal equilibrium emissions measured by MIPAS on Envisat’, Atmospheric Chemistry and doi
  16. (1999). Characterization of the chemical signatures of air masses observed during the PEM experiments over the western Pacific’, doi
  17. (2008). Chemical isolation in the Asian monsoon anticyclone observed in Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE-FTS) data’, doi
  18. (2008). CloudSat shedding new light on highreaching tropical deep convection observed with Meteosat’, doi
  19. (2004). Colour indices for the detection and differentiation of cloud types in infra-red limb emission spectra’, doi
  20. (2007). Detection of organic compound signatures in infra-red, limb emission spectra observed by the MIPAS-B2 balloon instrument’, doi
  21. (2005). edition of the GEISA/IASI spectroscopic database’, doi
  22. (1990). Emissions of some trace gases from biomass fires’, doi
  23. (1996). Factors influencing the upper free tropospheric distribution of reactive nitrogen over the South Atlantic during the TRACE A experiment’, doi
  24. (1992). GENLN2: A general line-by-line atmospheric transmittance and radiance model. Version 3.0: Description and users guide’,
  25. (2007). Geophysical validation of MIPAS-ENVISAT operational ozone data’, doi
  26. (2002). Global air pollution crossroads over the Mediterranean’,
  27. (2008). Global budget of ethane and regional constraints on U.S. sources’, doi
  28. (2006). Global fit analysis including the 휈9 + 휈4 - 휈4 hot band of ethane: Evidence of an interaction with the 휈12 fundamental’, doi
  29. (2007). Global peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) retrieval in the upper troposphere from limb emission spectra of the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)’, doi
  30. (2006). GMTR: Two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations’, doi
  31. (2008). Growth rates of stratospheric HCFC-22’, doi
  32. (1995). Horizontal and vertical profiles of light hydrocarbons in sea water related to biological, chemical and physical parameters’, doi
  33. (1993). Hydrocarbon ratios and photochemical history of air masses’, doi
  34. (2003). HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model access via NOAA ARL
  35. (2000). Impact of non-methane hydrocarbons on tropospheric chemistry and the oxidizing power of the global troposphere: 3-Dimensional modelling results’,
  36. (2007). Including the sub-grid scale plume rise of vegetation fires in low resolution atmospheric transport models’, doi
  37. (1992). Indications of photochemical histories of Pacific air masses from measurements of atmospheric trace species at Point Arena, California’, doi
  38. (2003). Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning emissions constrained by satellite observations’, doi
  39. (2000). Inverse methods for atmospheric sounding: theory and practice’. doi
  40. (1995). Light nonmethane hydrocarbons in seawater an overview’, doi
  41. (1993). Methane emissions into the atmosphere: An over-view,
  42. (2007). MIPAS Level 1B algorithms overview: Operational processing and characterization’, doi
  43. (2006). MIPAS level 2 operational analysis’, doi
  44. (2008). MIPAS: An instrument for atmospheric and climate research’, doi
  45. (2007). Modeling the effect of plume-rise on the transport of carbon monoxide over Africa and its exports with NCAR CAM’, doi
  46. (2005). molecular spectroscopic database’, doi
  47. (1998). Molecular Spectroscopy, doi
  48. (2005). Monitoring the transport of biomass burning emissions in South America’, Environmental Fluid Mechanics 5(1-2), doi
  49. (2009). Observations Of C2H2 as an indicator for biomass burning from MIPAS
  50. (1963). On the solution of incorrectly stated problems and method of regularization’,
  51. (2004). PhD Thesis - Characteristics of Tropospheric Carbon Monoxide Profiles Retrieved from
  52. (1974). Photochemical reaction initiated by and influencing ozone in unpolluted tropospheric air’, doi
  53. (1996). Photochemistry, doi
  54. (2004). Quantification of topographic venting of boundary layer air to the free troposphere’, doi
  55. (1992). Radiation and Cloud Processes in the Atmosphere, doi
  56. (2003). Reactive nitrogen in Asian continental outflow over the western Pacific: Results from the NASA Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) airborne mission’, doi
  57. (2004). Relationships of trace gases and aerosols and the emission characteristics at Lin’an, a rural site in eastern China, during spring doi
  58. (1994). Remote Sensing of the Lower Atmosphere: An Introduction,
  59. Remote Sounding Of Atmospheres, doi
  60. (2005). Retrieval of CFC11 and CFC-12 from Envisat MIPAS observations by means of rapid radiative transfer calculations’, doi
  61. (2007). Satellite boreal measurements over Alaska and Canada during June-July 2004: Simultaneous measurements of upper tropospheric doi
  62. (2008). Secondary organic aerosol formation from acetylene (C2H2): Seed effect on SOA yields due to organic photochemistry in the aerosol aqueous phase’, doi
  63. (2009). Source classification of upper tropospheric pollution by doi
  64. Special Issue [2006], ‘MIPAS (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmosphere Sounding) Potential of the experiment, data processing and validation of results’, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics .
  65. (1992). Study of the emission of low molecular weight organic compounds of various plants’,
  66. (2007). Summertime influence of Asian pollution in the free troposphere over North America’, doi
  67. (2005). The Oxford Reference Forward Model, see website http://www.atm.ox.ac.uk/RFM/’.
  68. (2005). The oxidative capacity of the troposphere: Coupling of field measurements of oh and a global chemistry transport model’, Faraday discussions 130, doi
  69. (1995). The tropospheric distribution and budget of ethane’, doi
  70. (2007). Toward an accurate database for the 12 휇m region of the ethane spectrum’, doi
  71. (2003). Trace gas emissions from the production and use of domestic biofuels in Zambia measured by open-path Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy’, doi
  72. (2007). Transport above the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone inferred from Aura Microwave Limb Sounder tracers’, doi
  73. (1998). tropical and subtropical upper troposphere’, doi
  74. US Environmental Protection Agency - The Determination of Acute Toxicity Exposure Levels for Airborne Toxicants’.
  75. (2006). Zonal mean atmospheric distribution of sulphur hexaflouride (SF6)’, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.