Relaxation times of unstable states in systems with long range interactions


We consider several models with long-range interactions evolving via Hamiltonian dynamics. The microcanonical dynamics of the basic Hamiltonian Mean Field (HMF) model and perturbed HMF models with either global anisotropy or an on-site potential are studied both analytically and numerically. We find that in the magnetic phase, the initial zero magnetization state remains stable above a critical energy and is unstable below it. In the dynamically stable state, these models exhibit relaxation time scales that increase algebraically with the number $N$ of particles, indicating the robustness of the quasistationary state seen in previous studies. In the unstable state, the corresponding time scale increases logarithmically in $N$.Comment: Minor change

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