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In vitro assessment of the factors that determine the activity of the rumen microbiota for further applications as inoculum

By A. Belanche, Juan Manuel Palma-Hidalgo, I. Nejjam, Rosa Serrano Gómez, Elisabeth Jiménez Jiménez, A. Ignacio Martín García and David R. Yáñez Ruiz

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The rumen microbiota has been used as inoculum for in vitro studies and as a probiotic to improve productivity in young animals. However, great variability across studies has been noted depending on the inoculum considered. The present study aims to assess the relevance of different factors (microbial fraction, collection time, donor animal diet, fermentation substrate and inoculum preservation method) to maximize the rumen inoculum activity and set the standards for further in vitro and in vivo applications. RESULTS: Rumen inoculum sampled at 3 h after feeding led to greater microbial growth and activity [+12% volatile fatty acid (VFA), +17% ammonia] compared to before feeding. Similar results were noted when rumen liquid or rumen content were used as inocula. Rumen inoculum adapted to concentrate diets increased microbial activity (+19% VFA) independently of the substrate used in vitro. Freezing-thawing the inoculum, in comparison to fresh inoculum, decreased microbial activity (−14% VFA, −96% ammonia), anaerobic fungi and protozoa, with holotrichs protozoa being particularly vulnerable. Inoculum lyophilization had a stronger negative effect on microbial activity (−51% VFA) and delayed re-activation of the microbes, leading to lower levels of methanogens and anaerobic fungi, as well as almost complete wipe out of rumen protozoa. CONCLUSIONS: Fresh rumen fluid sampled at 3 h after feeding from donor animals that were fed concentrate diets should be chosen when the aim is to provide the most diverse and active rumen microbial inoculum. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.This study was funded by the Economy and Competitiveness Spanish Ministry (Ref. AGL2017-86938-R) and the CSIC (PIE201640E045)Peer Reviewe

Topics: Rumen inoculum, Probiotics, Preservation method, Microbial activity, In vitro
Publisher: 'Wiley'
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1002/jsfa.9157
OAI identifier: oai:digital.csic.es:10261/177929
Provided by: Digital.CSIC
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