Location of Repository

New Labour? The impact of migration from Central and Eastern European countries on the UK labour market

By Sara Lemos and Jonathan Portes

Abstract

The UK was one of only three countries that granted free movement of workers to accession nationals following the enlargement of the European Union in May 2004. The resulting large, rapid and concentrated migration inflow can be seen as a natural experiment that arguably corresponds closely to an exogenous supply shock. We evaluate the impact of this migration inflow – one of the largest in British history – on the UK labour market. We use new monthly micro level data and an empirical approach that ascertains which particular labour markets in the UK – with varying degrees of native's mobility and migrants' self-selection – might have been affected. Our results suggest modest effects throughout the labour market. Despite anecdotal evidence, we found little hard evidence that the inflow of accession migrants contributed to a fall in wages or a rise in claimant unemployment in the UK between 2004 and 2006

Topics: migration, employment, wages, Central and Eastern Europe, UK
Publisher: Dept. of Economics, University of Leicester
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/7531

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2003b): "Labour Market Performance of Immigrants in the UK Labour Market," Home Office
  2. (2002). A New Specification Test for the Validity of Instrumental Variables," doi
  3. (2007). A Study of Migrant Workers and the National Minimum Wage and Enforcement Issues That Arise," Low Pay Commission Report.
  4. (2007). Does Immigration Affect Wages? A Look at Occupation-Level Evidence," doi
  5. (1997). Employment Effects of Immigration to Germany: An Analysis Based on Labor Markets," doi
  6. (2006). Experiences in Ireland and Sweden" Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies Discussion Paper
  7. (2008). Floodgates or Turnstiles? PostEU Enlargement Migration Flows to (and from) the UK," Institute for Public Policy Discussion Paper.
  8. (2006). Foreign Labour in the United Kingdom: Current Patterns and Trends," Labour Market Trends,
  9. (2006). Immigration and Housing Rents in American Cities," doi
  10. (2005). Immigration and Inter-Regional Mobility in the UK, 1982-2000," doi
  11. (1995). Immigration and Internal Migration Flight from U.S. Metro Areas: Toward a New Demographic Balkanization," doi
  12. (2005). Immigration, Jobs and Wages: Theory, Evidence and Opinion. CEPR and CReAM.
  13. (1996). Interstate Migration of the U.S. Poverty Population: Immigration Pushes and White Magnet Pulls," Population and Environment, doi
  14. (1982). Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," doi
  15. (2003). Local Open Economies within the Us: How Do Industries Respond to Immigration?," Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Working Paper,
  16. (2008). New Labour? The Impact of Migration from the New European Union Member States on the UK Labour Market," Department for Work and Pensions Working Paper 52.
  17. (2006). Poles Apart? EU Enlargement and the Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants in the UK," IZA Discussion Paper, doi
  18. (1990). Regional Migration, Wages and Unemployment: Empirical Evidence and Implications for Policy,"
  19. (1997). Regional Unemployment and the Labour Mobility in the UK,"
  20. (2003). Return Migration, Wage Differentials, and the Optimal Migration Duration," doi
  21. SCHMIDT (2003a): "The Impact of EU Enlargement on Migration Flows," Home Office Online
  22. (1999). The Causes and Consequences of Long Term Unemployment in Europe," doi
  23. (2008). The Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market Performance of Native-Born Workers: Some Evidence for Spain," doi
  24. (1978). The Effects of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-Born Men," doi
  25. (1958). The Estimation of Economic Relationships Using Instrumental Variables," Source: Worker Registration Scheme data, doi
  26. (2008). The Fallacy of Crowding-Out: A Note on Native Internal Migration and the Labor Market Impact of Immigration,"
  27. (1996). The Impact of 1970s Repatriates from Africa on the Portuguese Labor Market," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, doi
  28. (2006). The Impact of Free Movement of Workers from Central and Eastern Europe on the UK Labour Market," Department for Work and Pensions Working Paper 29.
  29. (1992). The Impact of Immigrant Arrivals on Migratory Patterns of Native Workers,"
  30. (1995). The Impact of Immigration on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," doi
  31. (2005). The Impact of Immigration on the British Labour Market," doi
  32. (2006). The Impact of Immigration on the Structure of Male Wages: Theory and Evidence from Britain,"
  33. (2001). The Impact of Mass Migration on the Israeli Labor Market," doi
  34. (2000). The Interstate Migration of U.S. Immigrants: Individual and Contextual Determinants," doi
  35. (1982). The Substitutability of Natives and Immigrants in Production," doi
  36. (1988). U.K. House Prices and Migration: Economic and Investment Implications," Shearson Lehman Hutton Discussion Paper.
  37. (2003). United Kingdom: Local Authority Districts, Counties and Unitary Authorities,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.