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Comparison of Near-Forward Light Scattering on Oceanic Turbulence and Particles



This paper was published in Applied Optics and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.We examine and compare near-forward light scattering that is caused by turbulence and typical particulate\ud assemblages in the ocean. The near-forward scattering by particles was calculated using Mie\ud theory for homogeneous spheres and particle size distributions representative of natural assemblages in\ud the ocean. Direct numerical simulations of a passive scalar with Prandtl number 7 mixed by homogeneous\ud turbulence were used to represent temperature fluctuations and resulting inhomogeneities in the\ud refractive index of water. Light scattering on the simulated turbulent flow was calculated using the\ud geometrical-optics approximation. We found that the smallest temperature scales contribute the most\ud to scattering, and that scattering on turbulence typically dominates over scattering on particles for small\ud angles as large as 0.1°. The scattering angle deviation that is due to turbulence for a light beam\ud propagating over a 0.25-m path length in the oceanic water can be as large as 0.1°. In addition, we\ud carried out a preliminary laboratory experiment that illustrates the differences in the near-forward\ud scattering on refractive-index inhomogeneities and particles

Publisher: Optical Society of America
Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1364/AO.37.004669
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Provided by: ScholarsArchive@OSU
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