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Efficient method for calculating electronic states in self-assembled quantum dots

By Mervyn Roy and P. A. Maksym

Abstract

It is demonstrated that the bound electronic states of a self-assembled quantum dot may be calculated more efficiently with a harmonic-oscillator (HO) basis than with the commonly used plane-wave basis. First, the bound electron states of a physically realistic self-assembled quantum dot model are calculated within the single-band, position-dependent effective mass approximation including the full details of the strain within the self-assembled dot. A comparison is then made between the number of states needed to diagonalize the Hamiltonian with either a HO or a plane-wave basis. With the harmonic-oscillator basis, significantly fewer basis functions are needed to converge the bound-state energies to within a fraction of a meV of the exact energies. As the time needed to diagonalize the matrix varies as the cube of the matrix size this leads to a dramatic decrease in the computing time required. With this basis the effects of a magnetic field may also be easily included. This is demonstrated, and the field dependence of the bound electron energies is shown

Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.68.235308
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/681
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