Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Electropolishing of Stainless Steels in a Choline Chloride Based Ionic Liquid: An Electrochemical Study With Surface Characterisation Using SEM and Atomic Force Microscopy

By Andrew P. Abbott, Glen Capper, Katy J. McKenzie, Andrew Glidle and Karl S. Ryder

Abstract

We have studied the anodic dissolution (electropolishing) of various stainless steel alloys in an ionic liquid comprising a 2 : 1 stoichiometric mix of ethylene glycol (EG) and choline chloride. We have used a combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic methods together with in situ liquid probe microscopy. We discuss the role and influence of the surface oxide passivation layer, characterized here by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and linear sweep voltammetry, on the polishing process. We address the question of dealloying during the polish in order to contribute to our understanding of the viability of the ionic liquid as a replacement industrial electropolishing medium; the current commercial process uses a corrosive mixture of phosphoric and sulfuric acids. Also, we present data from ex situ and in situ liquid AFM studies giving both a qualitative and quantitative insight into the nature and scale of morphological changes at the steel surface during the polishing process.Peer-reviewedPublisher Versio

Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1039/b607763n
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/628
Journal:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2006). 8, 4214–4221 This journal is c the Owner Societies
  2. Anopol Ltd (http://www.anopol.co.uk/) proprietary pickling solution.
  3. (2005). Electrochemical Aspects of Ionic Liquids, doi
  4. (1930). French Patent No: 707526,
  5. (1996). Interface Anal., doi
  6. (2003). Ionic Liquids in Synthesis, doi
  7. ksr7@le.ac.uk; Fax: +44 (0)116 252 3789 bDepartment of Electronics and Electrical Engineering,
  8. Photoelectron Spectra Database (version 3.2) at http://www.nist.gov/srd/nist20.htm.
  9. There is no correlation between absolute height values
  10. This argument is supported by quantification of AFM image data which shows that the ratio of morphological surface area to projected geometric area is often as high as 140%.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.