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Polysémie des approches monétaires de la pauvreté : le dilemme rural-urbain au Sénégal

By Jean-Paul Minvielle

Abstract

It is usually admitted that poverty in Africa is mainly rural. This opinion is confirmed by the analysis made on the basis of the incidence of poverty. Two methodological choices influences this result : firstly the use of a single poverty line for the whole country, secondly the focusing on the sole incidence of poverty. The use of different poverty lines for the different regions of the country, combined with the use of others indicators like the number of poors and their income deficit, shows that urban poverty is not as limited, compared to the rural one, as usually said for certain. JEL Classification: I31, I32.poverty, monetary poverty, urban poverty, rural poverty, poverty index, statistical methods, Senegal, Africa

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