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Personality Differences in High Risk Sports Amateurs and Instructors.

By Alison E. Watson and Briony D. Pulford

Abstract

This is a metadata only entry. The full text version of the article can be found at http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.99.1.83-94Summary:– This study investigates the personality differences of 21 amateurs and\ud 20 instructors who participated in the high risk sports of skydiving, hang-gliding,\ud paragliding, scuba diving, microlighting, and rock climbing, versus those who did\ud not. 38 men and 28 women (M age = 32.6 yr., SD = 10.0) were assessed using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised, the General Health Questionnaire, the Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale, and a Type A/B personality measure. Instructors and Amateurs scored significantly higher on Extroversion and lower in Neuroticism than Nonparticipants, however they differed from each other on the GHQ and Type A/B personality scores. Amateurs scored significantly higher on Psychoticism and Self-efficacy than Instructors and Nonparticipants. In conclusion, these test scores suggest that people who are attracted to high risk sports tend to be at the extroverted and emotionally stable end of the scale, with a tendency to exhibit Type A characteristics; however, Instructors’ scores on Psychoticism and Self-efficacy are more akin to those of Nonparticipants

Publisher: Ammons Scientific Ltd
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.2466/PMS.99.5.83-94
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/4095
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