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La diffusion de technologies d'irrigation économes en eau à l'île de la Réunion

By Lionel RICHEFORT

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to identify and conceptualize factors affecting the diffusion of water-saving irrigation technologies in Reunion Island. A survey of 116 irrigated farms, combined with a review of the literature, allow us to sort these key factors within three axes : farmers characteristics, characteristics of the farmers? adoption context and characteristics of the water-saving irrigation technologies. Two theoretical frameworks are then introduced : the neoclassical theory and the evolutionary approach. The complementarity of each framework is shown : while the diffusion of improved sprinkler seems to comply with criteria of neoclassical diffusion, the low adoption of drip irrigation seems to depend on evolutionary factors.technological diffusion, adoption decision, neoclassical modelling, evolutionary approach

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