Location of Repository

The production and distribution of brick and tile in Roman Britain

By Alan David McWhirr

Abstract

Production and distribution are the two main themes of this thesis, it\ud is not a detailed study of the uses of brick and tile. It begins by\ud reviewing the development of brick and tiles studies in Britain and\ud draws attention to the lack of research in this field. The epigraphic\ud and literary evidence for brick-making is briefly examined including\ud some examples from outside Britain. The introduction of brick-making\ud into Britain is discussed along with the use of unfired clay bricks\ud which are being found on an increasing number of sites. There then\ud follows a detailed survey of civilian brick-making in Britain in which\ud several different modes of production are suggested and parallels drawn\ud with what is known from recent brickyards.\ud Many of the ideas put forward in this study are based on a detailed\ud examination of stamped tiles found in the Cotswolds. In addition all known\ud civilian tile-stamps have been listed and discussed. The distribution\ud of the Cotswolds tile-stamps has, along wit1h the identification of\ud clay sources, allowed certain ideas of organisation of tile production\ud to be put forward. \ud A major part of the thesis list and reviews all the sites where -tile\ud and brick production took place and there is a plan of every known,\ud tile-kiln in Britain., including military examples. There is also a\ud gazetteer of sites where tile production is suspected. The possibility\ud of clamps being used to fire tile and brick is reviewed.\ud Finally there is a section dealing with military organisation, stamping\ud and firing

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 1984
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/4723

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1963). (ý Rheinische Ausgrabungen 20), doi
  2. (1913). 1-20. HOLT Si 4054 Bibiolography References to many individual sites are included with each entry'in the GazetteerS, Chapter$XII, XIII and XVII.
  3. (1937). 17 Oxford 'The Roman Brickworks at Wykehurst Farm in the Parish of Cranleigh'. Surrey Arch toll 45, 74-96 'The brick-kilns at Ashburnham', Country Life,
  4. (1933). 1863-'The Roman Villa, Hucclecote near Gloucester'.
  5. 229-233 Les Tuiliers Gallo-Romains du 9!! ercy, Toulouse 'Bricks of the Classis Britannico_'
  6. A Cazetteer of Brick and Tile Works in Hampshire'.
  7. A Roman Tile-Kiln at Park Street near
  8. (1948). A Study of the Patterns on Roman Flue-Tiles and Their Distribution. Research Papers of the Surrey Archaeological Society. No 1. doi
  9. (1979). A Tile-Maker's Workshop at Itchingfield'. in-McWhirr 1979a, 191-200 'Techniques for Studying Comb Signature Distribution', in McWhirr,
  10. (1974). A Typology of Brick: with Numerical Coding of Brick i
  11. (1979). Brick and Tiles in Roman Sicily'.
  12. (1978). Britannia 9, 359-77 'Brick and Tile Production in doi
  13. (1925). Buddersfield in Roman Timea.
  14. (1909). Die r*06ischen Dachziegel von Windisch'. Anzeiger fur ' Schweizerische Alterumsckunde 11,111-129. An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome Vol II: Roman Egypt; Baltimore. Ancient Roman Statutes,,
  15. (1961). Excavation of a Roman palace site in London,
  16. (1964). Excavations at the Roman Tilery at Grimescarl Huddersfield,
  17. (1961). Excavations in Eskdale, the Muncaster Roman
  18. Excavations' on the Site of the Pýoman City at Silchester, Hants, 1903-4' doi
  19. Experiments in Makiýg and Finiýg* Boicý-Flue Tiles'.,
  20. (1930). First Re2ort on the Excavation at Colchester,
  21. (1971). Frere. doi
  22. (1960). I W-f .- doi
  23. (1963). in his book on the history of Hailes, entitled A Cotteswold Shrine
  24. (1965). Length - units in Roman Town Planning: The Pes Monetalis and the Pes Drusianus' Britannia XI, 127-133 'Excavations on North Hill, doi
  25. (1980). lfcWhirr, A
  26. (1964). Location Theory' doi
  27. (1979). Markings in tile and brick' in McWhirr
  28. Maximaltarif des Diocletian.. (unaltered reprint 1958). text used by'Frank.
  29. (1979). Proposta di classificazione delle fornaci per ceramica e Cuomo
  30. Relief Patterned Tiles, -A Reappraisal' in McWhirr 1979a, 375-394 'Tegula'mould stamps from'
  31. Report on the Excavations at Wroxeter 1923-7.1, Birmingham. . `Die gestempelten Ziegel aus dem Bad des Zugmantel-Kastells'.
  32. Rural Architecture and Ceramic Industry
  33. Silchester tile-making - the Faunal Environment"Pin McWhirro 1979,201-9 'Roman Tile-Kilns at Minety.
  34. Stamped tiles of the Classis Britannica't Sussex Archaeological Collections,
  35. (1973). Tenth Interim Report', doi
  36. (1979). The Legionary Bathhouse and Basilica and Forum at Exeter, doi
  37. (1979). The Processing of Roman Tile'
  38. (1977). The Roman Brick Stamps not published in vol XV, i of the doi
  39. (1971). The Roman Brickworks at Wykehurst Farm in the Parish of Cranleigh'. Surr_ey Arch.
  40. (1913). The Roman Fort at Gellygaer. 'Discoveries Made in
  41. (1959). The Roman Fort at South Shields -A Cuida.
  42. (1983). The Roman Villa at Park Street, near St. Albans'. Arch Journ, 102,21-110 'Roman Tile-Kiln at Elstree, Hertfordshire. ' Trans. London Pavc, Rene.
  43. The Use of Terra Cotta for Architectural Ornament in Italy and the Western Provinces' inMcWhirr, 1979,267-84. I Balli Laterizi e la-Storin Edilizia Romanal from Bull.
  44. (1930). The Works depot of the XXth Legion at Holt,, doi
  45. (1976). Tile Stamp's of the Sixth Legii found in Britain', Britannia,. doi
  46. Tile-Kilns in Roman Britain, doi
  47. (1968). Tiled Roofs' in McWhirr 1979a, 295-302 Pottery and Ceramics. London 'Sandygate Castle AD 1539-40; Arch. Cantiana, 20,228-257 'Stamped Roman Tile in
  48. Tileworks at Itchingfield'.
  49. (1956). Tuiles du Bas-Dauphine', doi
  50. (1975). Two Roman Stamped Tiles from the Peterborough area',
  51. (1965). ýThe Roman Tilery in Grimescar Wood',

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.