Location of Repository

Winding Dali’s clock: The construction of a fuzzy temporal-GIS for archaeology

By Christopher Thomas Green

Abstract

Archaeology is fundamentally concerned with both space and time: dates, chronologies,\ud stratigraphy, plans and maps are all routinely used by archaeologists in their work. To aid in their analysis of this material, the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by archaeologists has become widespread. However, GIS are conventionally ignorant of time. Thus, if archaeologists are to achieve the fullest potential in the application of GIS to their studies, GIS are needed that properly take into account time as well as space.\ud A GIS capable of dealing with temporal data is referred to as a temporal-GIS (TGIS), and commercial TGIS systems currently exist. However, these are locked into a model of modern clock time. Archaeological time does not sit well within that model, being altogether fuzzier and less precise. Nor are commercial TGIS able to address the questions that archaeologists ask of their spatio-temporal data. Thus, a TGIS is needed that deals with the types of time that we encounter as archaeologists, lest we end up shaping our data and questions to the inherent capabilities of non-archaeological TGIS.\ud The creation of that new TGIS is the subject of this thesis: a fuzzy TGIS built specifically for the study of archaeological data that also takes into account recent developments in the theory of temporality within the discipline. The new TGIS needs to be flexible and powerful, yet to ensure that it is actually used it must remain within the software horizons of GIS-literate archaeologists.\ud The new TGIS has been applied to two case studies, one in prehistoric Derbyshire and one in Roman Northamptonshire, producing informative and interesting new results. It is hoped that others will fruitfully use the TGIS and that, as a result, new forms of spatio-temporal analysis might come to be applied to archaeological studies

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/9385

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2004). (eds.) 1997b. Time, process and structured transformation in archaeology. London: Routledge. -267-Christopher Green Winding Dali’s clock Van
  2. 2000b. Towards a reflexive method in archaeology: the example at Çatalhöyük.
  3. (1970). A computer movie simulating urban growth in the Detroit region."
  4. (2003). A fuzzy logic approach to typology in archaeological research."
  5. (1992). A Marxist archaeology.
  6. (1999). A return to the Pompeii premise."
  7. (2002). A second voice: crafting cosmos."
  8. (1998). A tale of three sites: the monumentalization of Celtic oppida and the politics of collective memory and identity."
  9. (1987). Abstract and substantial time."
  10. (2006). Afterword."
  11. (2001). AMS radiocarbon dating and shell bead chronologies: middle Holocene trade and interaction in western North America."
  12. (2003). AMS radiocarbon dating of rusty iron."
  13. (2000). Analysing change through time within a cultural landscape: conceptual and functional limitations of a GIS
  14. (2000). Aoristic analysis: the spatial interpretation of unspecific temporal events."
  15. Apostolos (eds.) 2003. CAA 2002: the digital heritage of archaeology. Athens: Hellenic Ministry of Culture.
  16. (2002). Archaeological informatics: pushing the envelope.
  17. (2006). Archaeological survey in a digital world."
  18. (2003). Archaeologies of memory.
  19. (1992). Archaeology and Annales: time, space and change."
  20. (1995). Archaeology and geographic information systems.
  21. (2004). Archaeology and modernity.
  22. (1992). Archaeology, GIS, and the time dimension: an overview."
  23. (1991). Archaeology, the longue durée and the limits of the Roman Empire."
  24. (1997). Archaeomagnetic dating."
  25. (1995). Assumpció (eds.) 1999. New techniques for old times: CAA 98. BAR International Series 757. -257-Christopher Green Winding Dali’s clock Barham,
  26. (1996). Between the lines: the role of GIS-based predictive modelling in the interpretation of extensive survey data."
  27. (1987). Boudicca, the first Colchester potters' shop, and the dating of Neronian Samian."
  28. (2007). Bradshaw and Bayes: towards a timetable for the Neolithic."
  29. (1992). Braudel's temporal rhythms and chronology theory in archaeology."
  30. (1987). Breaking the time barrier."
  31. (2007). Building for the dead: events, processes and changing worldviews from the thirty-eighth to the thirtyfourth centuries cal. BC in southern Britain."
  32. (2002). C14View: an experiment in the creation of a temporal GIS for archaeology. Unpublished M.Sc. dissertation.
  33. (1996). Cartography: visualization of spatial data.
  34. (1982). Catastrophe and continuity in social evolution."
  35. (1993). Chronologies of remembrance: the interpretation of some Roman inscriptions."
  36. (1997). Chronometric dating in archaeology.
  37. (1987). Chronos and the Oracle: some thoughts on time, timescales and simulation." Archaeological Review from Cambridge,
  38. (1993). Chronotypic tension in Bulgarian prehistory: 6500-3500 BC."
  39. (1997). Clusters of death, pockets of survival: dynamic modelling and GIS."
  40. (2006). Comments on Jan Harding (2005): Rethinking the great divide: long-term structural history and the temporality of the event.
  41. (2000). Computers and archaeological culture change."
  42. (2006). Computers, learning and teaching in archaeology. Life past and present on the screen."
  43. (1983). Concepts of time in quaternary prehistory."
  44. (1981). Concepts, time-scales and explanations in economic prehistory."
  45. (1996). Conclusions."
  46. (2001). Critical approaches to fieldwork. Contemporary and historical archaeological practice.
  47. (1996). Current archaeological work at Regis House in the City of London (part 1)."
  48. (1997). Dendrochronology." In Taylor and Aitken
  49. (2000). Developing a reflexive method in archaeology."
  50. (2002). Dialogues heard and unheard, seen and unseen."
  51. (2000). Different excavation styles create different windows into Çatalhöyük."
  52. (1998). Different types of 'times' in GIS."
  53. (2006). Digital archaeology and the scalar structure of pastoral landscapes."
  54. (2006). Digital archaeology. A historical context."
  55. (2006). Drowning in data? Digital data in a British contracting unit."
  56. (1992). Economic 'long waves' in the Roman period? A reconnaissance of the Romano-British ceramic evidence."
  57. (1997). Exploring geographic information systems.
  58. (2000). Faultlines: the construction of archaeological knowledge at Çatalhöyük."
  59. (2000). Floodplain vegetation history: clearings as potential ritual spaces."
  60. (1997). Forgetting the past."
  61. (1987). Formation processes of the archaeological record. Albuquerque:
  62. (1992). Fundamentals of spatial information systems.
  63. (1995). Future enhancements to GIS: implications for archaeological theory."
  64. (2001). Fuzzy set theory - and its applications.
  65. (2003). Geographic information analysis.
  66. (1997). Geographical information systems and computer cartography.
  67. (2004). GIS. A computing perspective. 2nd edn.
  68. (1904). Gods and fighting men. 2nd edn.
  69. (1995). How to look good and influence people: thoughts on the design and interpretation of an archaeological GIS."
  70. (2000). Identity-based change: a foundation for spatio-temporal knowledge representation."
  71. (1992). Independence and imperialism: politico-economic structures in the Bronze Age Levant."
  72. (2005). Indexing and delivery of historical maps using TimeMap."
  73. (1999). Indian and other concepts of time: a holistic framework." In
  74. (1995). Interactive spatial data analysis.
  75. (1993). Interfaces in archaeological stratigraphy."
  76. (1993). Interpreting archaeology with Hindsight: the use of three dimensions in graphic recording and site analysis."
  77. (1998). Introduction to probability and statistics.
  78. (1997). Introduction: archaeology and non-linear dynamics - new approaches to long term change."
  79. (2006). Introduction. Archaeological theory and digital pasts."
  80. (1996). Iron Age and Roman landscapes in the East Midlands: a case study in integrated survey. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis.
  81. (1994). It's about time: a conceptual framework for the representation of temporal dynamics in geographic information systems."
  82. (2006). Jouma's tent. Bedouin and digital archaeology."
  83. (1997). Leskernick: Stone Worlds; Alternative Narratives; Nested Landscapes."
  84. (2004). Local spatial autocorrelation statistics quantify multi-scale patterns in distributional data: an example from the Maya lowlands."
  85. (1981). London’s samian supply and its relationship to the development of the Gallic samian industry.”
  86. (1999). Looking at change, continuity and time in GIS: an example from the Sangro Valley, Italy."
  87. (2002). Luminescence dating in less than ideal conditions: case studies from Klasies River main site and Duinefontein, South Africa."
  88. (1997). Luminescence dating."
  89. (2001). Making space for time: issues in space-time data representation."
  90. (1999). Mapping the fourth dimension: the TimeMap project" Draft of paper published
  91. (1980). Mathematics in archaeology. Cambridge:
  92. (1993). Matrices and Maya archaeology."
  93. (1997). Modelling historical change in southern Corsica: temporal GIS development using an extensible database system."
  94. (2003). Modelling time through GIS technology: the ancient Prile lake (Tuscany, Italy)."
  95. (1997). Models of creativity: towards a new science of history."
  96. (1998). Monuments and the past in early Anglo-Saxon England."
  97. (2000). Multidimensional geographic information science.
  98. (1996). Multiple surfaces: the micromorphology."
  99. (2003). Neolithic transition in Europe: the radiocarbon record revisited."
  100. (1999). Non-portable stone artifacts and contexts of meaning: the tale of Grey Wether."
  101. (2002). Notes on the life history of a pot sherd."
  102. (1997). Number 1 Poultry -- the main excavation: Roman sequence."
  103. (1980). On history. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  104. (2003). Palaeolithic radiocarbon chronology: quantifying our confidence beyond two half-lives."
  105. (2000). Palaeomagnetic studies of burned rocks."
  106. (1994). Perceptions of time."
  107. (2007). Place and memory: excavations at the Pict’s Knowe,
  108. (1993). Polish medieval excavations and the Harris matrix: applications and developments."
  109. (1995). Postscript - GIS, environmental determinism and archaeology: a parallel text."
  110. (2004). Potential of GIS for analysis of funerary areas: prehistoric cemetery at Holešov, dist. Kroměříž, Czech Republic."
  111. (1992). Pottery styles and social status in medieval Khurasan."
  112. (1993). Practices of archaeological stratigraphy.
  113. (2004). Precision and accuracy in applied 14C dating: some findings from the fourth International Radiocarbon Inter-comparison."
  114. (1998). Prehistoric histories."
  115. (1989). Principles of archaeological stratigraphy. 2nd edn.
  116. (1998). Principles of geographical information systems.
  117. (2000). Prospection et chronologie: de la quantification du temps au modèle de peuplement. Méthodes appliquées au secteur des étangs de Saint-Blaise (Bouches-du-Rhône, France)."
  118. (2004). Putting time on the map. Using TimeMap for map animation and web delivery."
  119. (2004). Quartz hydration dating."
  120. (2001). Radiocarbon chronology of upper Palaeolithic sites in eastern Europe at improved resolution."
  121. (1997). Radiocarbon dating."
  122. (2002). Radiocarbon marine reservoir effect in human remains from the Kitakogane site, Hokkaido, Japan."
  123. (1996). Re-opening Çatalhöyük."
  124. (1981). Real time. Cambridge:
  125. (1993). Recording the archaeology of London: the development and implementation of the DUA recording system."
  126. (2000). Rendering realities."
  127. (1992). Restoring the dialectic: settlement patterns and documents in medieval central Italy."
  128. (2005). Rethinking the great divide: long-term structural history and the temporality of the event."
  129. (1991). Ritual, time and history."
  130. (2000). Rock engraving chronologies and accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon age of desert varnish."
  131. (1998). Ruined buildings, ruined stones: enclosures, tombs and natural places in the Neolithic of south-west England."
  132. (2003). Sampling shells for seasonality: oxygen isotope analysis on shell carbonates of the inter-tidal gastropod monodonta lineata (da Costa) from populations across its modern range and from a Mesolithic site in southern Britain."
  133. (1990). Science-based dating in archaeology.
  134. (2000). Seasonal dating using fish otoliths: results from the Shag River Mouth site, New Zealand."
  135. (2008). Semantic interoperability in archaeological datasets: data mapping and extraction via the CIDOC CRM."
  136. (1997). Simulating mammoth hunting and extinctions: implications for North America."
  137. (1994). Social being and time.
  138. (2003). Social practice and material culture: the use, discard, and deposition of ceramic material at two Iron Age hillforts in Oxfordshire. Unpublished D.Phil. thesis.
  139. (1987). Social theory and archaeology.
  140. (1976). Spatial analysis in archaeology. Cambridge:
  141. (1998). Spatial and temporal reasoning in geographic information systems.
  142. (2002). Spatial technology and archaeology. The archaeological applications of GIS. London:
  143. (2005). Statistics for archaeology."
  144. (1997). Structural change and bifurcation in urban evolution: a non-linear dynamical perspective."
  145. (2001). Sydney TimeMap: integrating historical resources using GIS."
  146. (1993). Techniques of archaeological excavation. 3rd edn.
  147. (1998). Temporal dynamics and geographic information systems."
  148. (1994). Temporal query languages: a survey."
  149. (1992). The anthropology of time. Cultural constructions of temporal maps and images. Oxford: Berg. -260-Christopher Green Winding Dali’s clock Gillings,
  150. (1993). The application of the Harris Matrix to the recording of standing structures."
  151. (2005). The archaeology of time.
  152. (1987). The birth of prehistoric chronology. Cambridge:
  153. (1991). The contribution of an Annaliste / structural history approach to archaeology."
  154. (1999). The cultural biography of objects."
  155. (2000). The excavation process at Çatalhöyük."
  156. (1998). The illusion of time."
  157. (1995). The impact of GIS on archaeology: a personal perspective."
  158. (1998). The life-histories of megaliths in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Germany)."
  159. (1993). The narrative and rhetoric of material culture sequences."
  160. (2002). The past in prehistoric societies.
  161. (1990). The potential methodological impact of geographic information systems on the social sciences."
  162. (1995). The problem of origins: poststructuralism and beyond."
  163. (1998). The representation of spatio-temporal variation in GIS and cartographic displays: the case for sonification and auditory data representation."
  164. (2002). The return of the first voice."
  165. (2004). The spatial analysis of radiocarbon databases. The spread of the first farmers in Europe and of the fat-tailed sheep in southern Africa.
  166. (1993). The temporality of the landscape."
  167. (2002). The TimeMap kiosk: delivering historical images in a spatio-temporal context."
  168. (2003). The TimeMap project: developing time-based GIS display for cultural data."
  169. (1999). The times of history: archaeology, narrative and non-linear causality."
  170. (2003). The translation of time."
  171. (2000). Thermoluminescence, electron spin resonance and 14C-dating of the late middle and early upper Palaeolithic site of Geißenklösterle Cave in southern Germany."
  172. (1979). Three Saxo-Norman tenements in Durham City."
  173. (1994). Time and the privilege of retrospect."
  174. (1978). Time and traditions. Essays in archaeological interpretation. Edinburgh:
  175. (1992). Time in geographic information systems.
  176. (1993). Time in the reproduction of mortuary practices."
  177. (1992). Time perspectivism, Annales, and the potential of archaeology."
  178. (1996). Time, culture and identity. An interpretive archaeology.
  179. (2006). Time's arrow: the measurement and theory of archaeological time."
  180. (1999). Timing is everything: commentary on managing temporal variables in geographic information systems."
  181. (1995). To be or not to be: will an object-space-time GIS/AIS become a scientific reality or end up an archaeological entity?"
  182. (1995). Toward an evaluation of GIS in European archaeology: the past, present and future of theory and applications."
  183. (1996). Towards a chronology of megaliths: understanding monumental time and cultural memory."
  184. (1991). Two Italys, one valley: an Annaliste perspective."
  185. (1987). Underneath English towns. Interpreting urban archaeology.
  186. (2003). Using computers in archaeology.
  187. (2002). Visualising the Neolithic transition in Europe."
  188. (1992). What can archaeologists learn from Annalistes?"
  189. (2006). What you see is what you get? Visualscapes, visual genesis and hierarchy."
  190. (2006). What's another word for thesaurus? Data standards and clarifying the past."
  191. (2002). Writing the field of archaeology."
  192. (2006). You, me and it. The application of simple quantitative techniques in the examination of gender, identity and social reproduction in the early to middle Iron Age of north-eastern France."

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.