Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The Use of Self-Report and Drugs Tests in the Measurement of Illicit Drug Consumpiton

By MacDonald Ziggy and Stephen Pudney

Abstract

We use data from the New England and Wales Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (NEW-ADAM) programme to assess the validity of self-report measures of illicit drug use and to evaluate the use of alternative drug testing strategies within survey enquiries. Our analysis of the NEW-ADAM data reveals that bio-assay measurements of drug use tend not to be very sensitive to the cut-off levels selected for screening tests, a result that holds for cannabis, cocaine and opiates. We also show that a self-reported history of previous drug use can be used as a way of identifying individuals who are potential under-reporters of current drug use. This suggests a selective drug testing strategy which can reduce dramatically the cost of drug testing without comprising the accuracy of measurements of illicit drug use

Topics: Drugs testing, Concordance, Self-reports, Testing Strategies
Publisher: Dept. of Economics, University of Leicester
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/4411

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2003). A Review of NEW-ADAM and Proposals for Future Developments, Home Office Online Paper, London: Home Office,
  2. (2001). Comparison of Eight Commercial On-Site Screening Devices for Drugs-of-Abuse Testing’, doi
  3. (2001). Comparison of ELISAs for Opiates, Methamphetamine,
  4. (2001). Comparison of Self-Report and Hair Analysis in Detecting Cocaine Use in a Homeless/Transient Sample’, doi
  5. (1994). Confirmatory Tests for Drugs in the Workplace by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry’, doi
  6. (1996). Drug Testing in Addicts: doi
  7. (1994). Drug Use Among Juvenile Arrestees: A Comparison of Self-Report, Urinalysis and Hair Assay’, doi
  8. (2000). Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA):
  9. (1998). Drugs and Crime: the Results of Research on Drug Testing and Interviewing Arrestees, Home Office Research Study 183, London: Home Office. doi
  10. (2000). Drugs and Crime: The Results of the Second Developmental Stage of the NEW-ADAM programme, Home Office Research Study 205, London: Home Office. doi
  11. (2000). Drugs in oral Fluid: An Evaluation of Point of Contact Drug Testing, London: Forensic Science Service.
  12. (2000). Interviewing and Drug Testing of Arrestees in Scotland: A Pilot of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Methodology, The Scottish Executive Central Research Unit.
  13. (2000). Marijuana Use Among HIV-Positive and High-Risk Adolescents: A Comparison of Self-Report through Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Administered Interviewing and Urinalysis’, doi
  14. (1999). Perspiration versus Saliva: Basic Aspects Concerning their use in Roadside Drug Testing’, doi
  15. (2002). Rationale and Cost-efficiency Compared for Urine or Saliva Testing and Behavioural Inquiry among UK Offender Populations: Injectors, Arrestees and Prisoners', doi
  16. (1998). Testing for Drugs in Hair: Critical Review of Chromatographic Procedures Since
  17. (1998). Testing for Drugs of Abuse in Saliva and Sweat’, doi
  18. (1994). The Patch: A New Alternative for Drug Testing in the Criminal Justice System’,
  19. (2003). The results of the first two years of the NEW-ADAM programme, Home Office Research Study, London: Home Office, doi
  20. (2001). The Validity of Adult Arrestee Self-Reports of Crack Cocaine Use’, doi
  21. (2001). Usefulness of Saliva for Measurement of 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine and its Metabolites: Correlation with Plasma Drug Concentrations and Effect of Salivary pH’,
  22. (1998). Using Hair Analysis, Urinalysis, and Self-Reports to Estimate Drug Use in a Sample of Detained Juveniles’, doi
  23. (1996). Validity of Self-Reported Drug Use in High Risk Populations: A Meta-Analytical review’, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.