Location of Repository

The Organisational Imagination in African Anti-Colonial Thought.

By Nceku Nyathi

Abstract

This thesis seeks to broaden the nature of anti-colonial thinking in organisation theory through a strategy of ‘reading and rediscovery’ of prominent African anti-colonial writers and activists portraying them as serious organisation theorists. By reading these theorists, I show some of the depth and sweep of their thinking, hoping to prompt a new appreciation of them today. To read these figures as organisation theorists opens up organisation theory not just to African thinking and history, but also to a range of organisations that often do not show up in the canon of organisation studies. This allows us to see a colourful organisation theory that reflects multiple realities, a postcolonial critique of organisation development of organisation theory, and opens up the western academy to Africa as subject rather than object. Here is a different consciousness of identity and subjectivity, a virtue made of structures (Nkrumah), a radical change and transformation of the individual and group (Cabral’s bottom-up cultural change), and of organisation and social formation of the state (Du Bois, Padmore, James, Cabral, Fanon). This colourful approach is distinct from current postcolonial organisational analysis and ‘management in Africa’ literatures. I test this thesis by observing a case study of contemporary African thinking on organisation at the most general level of society, ubuntu. Ubuntu today straddles the theory and practice of African cosmology, and the calculating world of private firms in a profit-taking market in South Africa. Can its mixture of theory and practice and political ambition fulfil the hopes of this earlier generation? Finally, this is also a disciplinary project, challenging organisation studies to examine its borders and limits, for I am seeking at a very personal level, as a southern African of Nguni origin, to write myself into the consciousness and praxis of that discipline of organisation theory

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/4381

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2003). (eds.) Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials. (2nd edn).
  2. (1996). (eds.) Fanon: A Critical Reader,
  3. (2004). (eds.) The Language of Organization. London: Sage.
  4. (1978). A
  5. A (2004) “’Race’, ethnicity and identity”,
  6. (1961). A Comparative Analysis of Complex Organisations.
  7. (2005). A Fanonian Perspective on Double Consciousness’.
  8. (1981). A model of management education in African.
  9. (1999). A Moral Economy of Corruption in Africa?
  10. (2003). A New Continuity with Colonial Administration Participation in Development Management’. Third World Quarterly.
  11. (1999). A Poetics of Anti-colonialism’.
  12. (1988). A Politics of Neologism’, in Clifford James.
  13. (2004). A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class, and State in a Transnational World.
  14. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation’,
  15. (1963). A United States of Africa’,
  16. (1977). A Voluntarist Model of Organisation: the Maoist version and its critique.
  17. (1937). Africa and World Peace.
  18. (1963). Africa Must Unite.
  19. (1998). Africa: A Biography of the Continent.
  20. (1949). Africa: Britain’s Third Empire.
  21. (1996). Africa’s Management in the 1990s and Beyond,
  22. (2004). African Leadership: Lessons from the chiefs’. In
  23. (2002). African Modes of Self-Writing’,
  24. (1996). African Philosophy: Myth and Reality. (2nd Edn), (trans. Henri Evans and Jonathan Ree).
  25. (1996). African Values: discovering the indigenous roots of management’,
  26. (1983). Amilcar Cabral: Revolutionary Leadership and People’s War. Cambridge:
  27. (1991). Amilcar Cabral’s Revolutionary Theory and Practice: A Critical Guide. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  28. (2001). Appropriating the Other in the Discourses of Comparative Management’,
  29. (1984). Becoming an OD Practitioner.
  30. (2000). Beginning Postcolonialism. Manchester:
  31. (1963). Beyond a Boundary.
  32. (2003). Beyond Boundaries: The Intellectual Tradition of Trinidad & Tobago in the nineteenth century. Amherst MA:
  33. (1998). Beyond Postcolonial Theory.
  34. (2000). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. (2nd edn).
  35. (1979). Black Psyches in Captivity and Crises’,
  36. (1967). Black Revolutionary: George Padmore’s Path From Communism to Pan-Africanism.
  37. (1986). Black Skin, White Masks.
  38. (1973). Black Star: A View of the Life and Times of Kwame Nkrumah.
  39. (1980). Bureaucratic structure and personality’,
  40. (1968). Bureaucratic structure and personality’, in Social Theory and Social Structure, revised and enlarged edition.
  41. (1997). C.L.R James and the Trinidad & Tobago Intellectual Tradition, or, Not Learning Shakespeare Under a Mango Tree’.
  42. (2003). C.L.R James: asking questions of the past’.
  43. (1992). C.L.R James’s Caribbean.
  44. (1997). C.L.R.James: A Critical Introduction.
  45. (1988). Can the Subaltern Speak?’
  46. (1994). Careers as a project of the self and labour process discipline’,
  47. (1999). Changing the people; social engineering in the contemporary workplace’,
  48. (1963). Colonial and Coloured Unity: A Programme of Action:
  49. (2001). Colonialism and Neocolonialism. (With a Preface by
  50. (2000). Colonialism/Postcolonialism: the New Critical Idiom.
  51. (2000). Complexity and Management: Fad or radical challenges to Systems Thinking?
  52. (1983). Concepts of Culture and organizational analysis’,
  53. (1964). Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization and Development with particular reference to the African Revolution.
  54. (1983). Consultation: A Handbook for Individual and Organisational Development.
  55. (1982). Consulting is more than giving advice’,
  56. (1983). Consulting to Management. Englewood Cliffs,
  57. (1996). Consumption and Identity at Work,
  58. (1997). Convergence and upheaval: managing the unsteady pace of organisational evolution’,
  59. (1974). Conversations at random: Survey research as interviewers see it.
  60. (2004). Conversion stories as shifting narratives of organizational change’,
  61. (1986). Corporate Culture: the last frontier of control?’
  62. (1982). Corporate Cultures: The Rites and Rituals of Corporate Life,
  63. (1996). Corporate Transformations: designer culture, designer employees and “post-occupational solidarity”’,
  64. (2000). Critical theory and the management of change in organizations’.
  65. (1955). Culture and Experience.
  66. (1993). Culture and Imperialism.
  67. (1971). Culture, Language and Society.
  68. (2007). Culture’,
  69. (2001). Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviours, Institutions, and Organisations Across Nations.
  70. (1999). Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples.
  71. (2003). Decolonizing organization theory: Between Orientalism and Occidentalism’.
  72. (1970). Developing Nations: Quest for a Model. New Perspectives in Political Science.
  73. (1977). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison,
  74. (2003). Disconnected capitalism: or why employers can’t keep their side of the bargain’,
  75. (2007). Disidentity’,
  76. (2007). Diverse Voices and Alternative Rationalities: Imagining Forms
  77. (2001). Do We Really “Know” and “Profess”? Decolonizing Management Knowledge’.
  78. (1998). Durkheim and the limits of corporate culture: Whose culture?
  79. (1972). Emerging Nationalism in Portuguese Africa: Documents.
  80. (1992). Engineering Culture: Control and Commitment in High-Tech Corporation.
  81. (1988). Engineering humour” ‘: Masculinity, Joking and conflict in shop floor relations’,
  82. (2003). Enterprising femininity: new modes of work and subjectivity’,
  83. (2007). Exploring Identity: Concepts and Methods.
  84. (1996). Exploring the terrain of modernism and postmodernism in organization theory’,
  85. (2005). Faces of Freedom: Jewish and Black Experiences’.
  86. (1974). Fanon and Cabral: a contrast in Theories of Revolution for Africa’.
  87. (1995). Fanon and the Crisis of European Man: An Essay on Philosophy and the Human Sciences,
  88. (1996). Fanon, Sartre, and Identity Politics’,
  89. (1986). Fanon: In Search of the African Revolution. London: KPI/Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  90. (2001). Fear of exploitation and fear of contamination: impediments to knowledge transfer in mergers between professional service firms’.
  91. (1998). Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice.
  92. (2005). Following the scientific method: How I became a committed functionalist and positivist’,
  93. (1962). Formal Organisations: A Comparative Approach,
  94. (1939). Foundations of Lenninism.
  95. (2005). Frantz Fanon and Jean-Paul Sartre:
  96. (1968). Frantz Fanon and the African Revolution’.
  97. (2006). From Binarism Back to Hybridity: A postcolonial reading of management and organization studies’.
  98. (1922). From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  99. (1995). From modern to postmodern organizational analysis’,
  100. (2005). Gender in change: gendering change’.
  101. (1974). George Padmore’s Impact on Africa: A Critical Appraisal’.
  102. (1957). Ghana: The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah.
  103. (1999). Governing the Soul: the Shaping of the Private Self.
  104. (1982). Group-Think: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascos. (2nd edn).
  105. (1938). History of Negro Revolt. London: Fact Monographs.
  106. (1962). Homage to Frantz Fanon.”
  107. (1936). How Britain Rules Africa.
  108. (1946). How Russia Transformed Her Colonial Empire: A Challenge to the Imperialist Powers.
  109. (2003). HRM and organizational change: an emotional endeavour’.
  110. (1935). Human relations within human groups’,
  111. (1987). Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations’,
  112. (1974). Humanism in Zambia and a Guide to its Implementation. Part 2. Lusaka: Zambia Information Services.
  113. (1961). I speak of Freedom: A Statement of African Ideology.
  114. (1993). I’ll be watching you:
  115. (2003). Identities and Insecurities: Selves at Work', Organization,
  116. (2002). Identity regulation as organisational control producing the appropriate individual’,
  117. (1996). Identity, Culture and the Postmodern World. Edinburgh:
  118. (1991). Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism.
  119. (1982). In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America’s Best Run Companies.
  120. (1983). In The Twilight of Revolution The Political theory of Amilcar Cabral. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  121. (1965). Industrial Organisation: Theory and Practice,
  122. (1960). Industrialism and Industrial Man: The problems of Labour and Management in Economic Growth.
  123. (1978). Interactions and Interventions in Organizations.
  124. (2003). Internal change Agents’ view of the management of change of change problem’.
  125. (1970). Intervention Theory and Method.
  126. (1996). Introduction: Organizations, organization and organizing’,
  127. (1993). Introduction’,
  128. (2000). Key Concepts in Critical Theory: IMPERIALISM: Theoretical Directions.
  129. (1998). Key Concepts in Post-Colonial Studies.
  130. (2001). Knowledge work: Ambiguity, Image and Identity’.
  131. (1991). Kwame Nkrumah, George Padmore and W.
  132. (1963). La Force des choses.
  133. (1974). Labour and Monopoly Capital:
  134. (1995). Leading Change: why transformation efforts fail’,
  135. (1997). Leading Corporate Transformation: A Blueprint for Business Renewal.
  136. (1992). Learning by knowledge-intensive firms’,
  137. (1924). Lenin And The Colonial Peoples. Selected Works of Ho Chi Minh Vol. 1. Foreign Languages Publishing House. Available at http://www.marxist.org/reference/archive/ho-chiminh/works/1924/01/27.htm
  138. (1995). Lenin, Hegel and Western Marxism: A Critical Study.
  139. (1957). Lenninism.
  140. (1998). Liberation Movements:
  141. (2002). Liberation theory: variations on themes of Marxism and modernity’,
  142. (1990). Longitudinal field research on change: theory and practice’,
  143. (2001). Look good, feel better: beauty therapy as emotional labour’,
  144. (1996). Making Sense of Management: A Critical Introduction.
  145. (1996). Making Sense of Qualitative Data: Complementary Research Strategies.
  146. (2004). Management and Change in Africa: A cross-cultural perspective.
  147. (1939). Management and the Worker: An account of Research Program Conducted by the Western Electric Company,
  148. (1998). Management Consultancy: a handbook of best practice.
  149. (2000). Management consulting today’,
  150. (2001). Management in Africa: The quest for a philosophical framework’,
  151. (1999). Management Lives: Power and Identity in Work Organizations,
  152. (2005). Managing and Organizations: An introduction to Theory and Practice,
  153. (1992). Managing Change.
  154. (1995). Managing Consultants.
  155. (1994). Managing Culture. Milton Keynes:
  156. (1999). Managing Culture’,
  157. (2002). Managing Employment Change.
  158. (1980). Managing organisational culture’. Management Review,
  159. (1989). Managing Organisations in Developing Countries,
  160. (2007). Manifesto for a Post-colonial International business and management studies’.
  161. (1936). Marxism and the National and Colonial Question. London: Lawrence and Wishart.
  162. (1970). Marxism and the National Question,”
  163. (2004). Masking subversion: Neocolonial embeddedness in anthropological accounts of indigenous management’.
  164. (2004). Michel Foucault’,
  165. (1934). Mind, Self and Society.
  166. (1990). Modern Organizations: Organization Studies in a Postmodern World,
  167. (1988). Modernism, postmodernism and organisational analysis: the contribution of Michel Foucault’,
  168. (1988). Modernism, postmodernism and organizational analysis:
  169. (1991). Modernity and Self-identity.
  170. (1980). Motivation, Leadership and Organisation: Do American theories apply abroad? Organizational Dynamics, Summer,
  171. (1960). National Identity, Globalisation and the Discursive Construction of Organisation Identity’.
  172. (1990). National Liberation.
  173. (1983). Native – View Paradigms: Multiple Cultures and Culture Conflicts in Organisations.
  174. (1965). Neocolonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism.
  175. (1996). New Paradigms for Change? Theories of organisation and the organisation of theories’,
  176. (1977). Nkrumah and the Ghana Revolution.
  177. (1995). Notebook of a Return to My Native Land.
  178. (1992). On reading organization culture’,
  179. (1979). On studying organisational cultures’,
  180. (1967). Organisation and Environment.
  181. (1994). Organisation and Identities: Texts and readings in organisational behaviour.
  182. (2002). Organisation Culture’,
  183. (1969). Organisation Development: Its Nature, Origin and Prospects.
  184. (1969). Organisation Development: Strategies and Models.
  185. (1972). Organisation Structure, Environment and Performance:
  186. (1977). Organisation Theory.
  187. (1998). Organisational Change: Sociological Perspectives.
  188. (1985). Organisational Culture and Leadership.
  189. (1992). Organisational Culture and Leadership. (2nd edn). San Francisco:
  190. (1987). Organisational culture as management strategy: A critique and illustration from the financial service industries’.
  191. (1988). Organisational culture: origins and weaknesses’,
  192. (2000). Organisational identity and identification: charting new waters and building new bridges’.
  193. (2004). Organisational Identity, image and adaptive instability’,
  194. (1985). Organisational identity’.
  195. (1994). Organisational images and member identification’,
  196. (1999). Organisational Misbehaviour.
  197. (1991). Organisational symbolism and ideology’,
  198. (1996). Organisational Theorising: A Historical Contested Terrain’,
  199. (1993). Organisations as rhetoric: knowledge-intensive firms and the struggle with ambiguity’,
  200. (2000). Organisations in Action: Competition between Contexts.
  201. (2006). Organisations, Identities and the Self.
  202. (2002). Organising for Success in the Twenty-First Century: A Starting Point for Change.
  203. (2002). Organization structure’,
  204. (2006). Organization Studies and Epistemic Coloniality
  205. (1963). Organization theory: An overview and an appraisal’,
  206. (2007). Organization Theory: Challenges and Perspectives.
  207. (1979). Organization Theory: Modern, Symbolic and Postmodern Perspectives,
  208. (1980). Organization, Class and Control, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  209. (1994). Organizational Change: A Processual Approach.
  210. (1996). Organizational Consultants: Creating a Useable Theory for Organizational Designs",
  211. (2000). Organizational Culture and Identity,
  212. (2002). Organizational Culture,
  213. (2004). Organizational Identity: A Reader:
  214. (1948). Orphee Noir’ (Black Orpheus) Introduction to Anthologie de la nouvelle poesie negre et malgache (ed.) Leopold Sedar Senghor. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
  215. (2002). Otherness at large: Identity and difference in the new globalized organizational landscape’.
  216. (1990). Overcoming Organizational Defenses: Facilitating Organisational Learning.
  217. (1956). Pan-Africanism or Communism? The Coming Struggle for Africa.
  218. (1976). Pan-Africanists, and Africa 1963-1973’.
  219. (1999). Past postmodernism? Reflections and tentative directions’,
  220. (1954). Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy.
  221. (2001). People and Change; Exploring Capacity Building in NGOs.
  222. (1999). Politics and organisational change: the lived experience’.
  223. (2001). Politics and Post-colonial theory: African Inflections.
  224. (1992). Post-modern organizations or postmodern organization theory?’
  225. (1998). Postcolonial African Philosophy: A Reader.
  226. (2005). Postcolonial Studies and Beyond.
  227. (2003). Postcolonial Theory and Organisational Analysis: A critical engagement.
  228. (2003). Postcolonial Theory and Organizational Analysis: A Critical Engagement.
  229. (1998). Postcolonial Theory: a Critical Introduction.
  230. (2001). Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction.
  231. (1997). Postmodernism and organizational research’.
  232. (1980). Power/Knowledge: Selected interviews and Other Writing,
  233. (1999). Process Consultation Revisited: Building the Helping Relationship.
  234. (1969). Process Consultation: Its Role in Organization Development.
  235. (2000). Pronvicialising Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference.
  236. (1997). Pronvincializing Europe: Towards a postcolonial reconstruction.
  237. (2007). Race, Revolution and Organisation’,
  238. (1962). Racial Problems in Soviet Central Asia. 2nd edition.
  239. (1985). Redirections on Organisational Analysis.
  240. (1990). Reengineering Work: Don’t Automate, Obliterate’,
  241. (2006). Regulation and Freedom
  242. (1998). Relationship between Culture and Identity’,
  243. (1994). Renewing the Strategy-Structure-Performance Paradigm’,
  244. (1970). Rescuing Fanon from the Critics’,
  245. (2000). Rethinking Organisational Behaviour. London: Financial Times/Prentice
  246. (1973). Return to the Source: Selected Speeches by Amilcar Cabral. New York: Monthly Review Press with Africa Information Service.
  247. (1993). Review of strategy of change: concepts and controversies in management of change’.
  248. (1976). Revolution and the Revolutionary Ideal.
  249. (1999). Revolution and World Politics: The Rise and Fall of the Sixth Great Power.
  250. (2004). Revolution At The Gates: A Selection
  251. (1972). Revolution in Angola.
  252. (1969). Revolution in Guinea: An African People’s Struggle.
  253. (1996). Sawubona Africa: Embracing four worlds
  254. (1987). Science in Action: How to follow scientists and engineers through society. Cambridge MA:
  255. (1976). Selected Poems Poesies Choisies. A Bilingual Text with English Translations and an Introduction by Craig Williamson. London: Rex Collings.
  256. (1969). Selected Works.
  257. (1971). Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci, (trans. Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith). London: Lawrence and Wishart.
  258. (1990). Socialist Ideology And the Struggle For Southern Africa.
  259. (1979). Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis,
  260. (1965). Some conditions of obedience and disobedience to authority’.
  261. (1920). Some consequences of bureaucratization’,
  262. (1992). someone to watch over me: surveillance, discipline and the just in time labour process’,
  263. (1980). Speeches. Luanda, MPLA-Partido do Trabalho,
  264. (1990). Strategic HRM: Postmodern conditioning for the corporate culture’,
  265. (1988). Technologies of the Self.
  266. (1992). The
  267. (1998). The African Personality or the Dilemma of the other and the Self
  268. (1986). The Africans: A Triple Heritage. London: BBC and UPS documentary.
  269. (1996). The After-life of Frantz Fanon: Why Fanon? Why Now? Why Black Skin, White Masks?’
  270. (1972). The Archaelogy of Knowledge.
  271. (1989). The Artist as Revolutionary.
  272. (2005). The Birth of Man from the Spirit of Violence:
  273. (1980). The Black Jacobins: Tousaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution.
  274. (1992). The Black Man’s Burden: Africa and the Curse of Nation-State,
  275. (1981). The break-up of Britain: crisis and neo-nationalism, London: NLB and Verso Editions Ngugi wa Thiong`O.
  276. (1992). The Challenge of Organisational Change: How Companies Experience It and Leaders Guide It.
  277. (1991). The challenges of management development in sub-Saharan Africa’,
  278. (1975). The Classical Marxist Critiques of Religion: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Kautsky. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
  279. (1989). The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origin of Social Change,
  280. (1999). The Consultant-Client Relationship: Critical Perspectives on the management of organization change’.
  281. (1990). The Critical Path to Corporate Renewal.
  282. (2003). The Denial of Slavery in Management Studies’.
  283. (1999). The Developing of Capacity. Development Dossier by the United Nations NGO Liaison Service, available at http://www.cdra.org.za/
  284. (1980). The Development of Theories of Culture’,
  285. (1986). The Difficult Dialogue: Marxism and Nationalism.
  286. (1969). The Discussion on Self Determination Summed Up,” The National Liberation Movement in the East.
  287. (1966). The Dynamics of Bureaucracy, (2nd edn).
  288. (2004). The Dynamics of organisational identity’,
  289. (1987). The Everyday World as Problematic: A Feminist Sociology.
  290. (1986). The Evolution of African management thought’,
  291. (1996). The Fact of Blackness: Frantz Fanon and Visual Representation, London: Institute of Contemporary Arts.
  292. (1991). The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality, Chicago:
  293. (1998). The Germany Ideology including Thesis on Feuerbachand Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy.
  294. (2005). The Heart of Whiteness: Confronting Race, Racism, and White Privilege. San Francisco: City Lights Books.
  295. (1981). The Intellectual Origins of Leninism. (trans.) by Sarah Matthews.
  296. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures.
  297. (2003). The Interview: From Structured Questions to Negotiated Text’,
  298. (2006). The Jewel in the crown: Postcolonial theory and workplace diversity’.
  299. (1969). The Liberation of Guinea.
  300. (1931). The Life and Struggles of Negro Toilers.
  301. (1963). The Management of Innovation.
  302. (1993). The McDonaldization of Society,
  303. (1973). The measurement of organization structures: Does context determine form?’ Organizational Dynamics,
  304. (1957). The Modern Prince, and Other Writings,
  305. (1973). The Nature of Managerial Work.
  306. (2006). The New Era of Management.
  307. (1970). The Order of Things: an Archaeology of the Human Sciences.
  308. (1996). The Organisation Culture Wars: A struggle for intellectual dominance’,
  309. (1963). The Organisation Man.
  310. (1993). The Penguin Dictionary of Third World Terms.
  311. (1990). The Post-Colonial Critic: Interviews,
  312. (1904). The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism’,
  313. (1915). The Revolutionary Proletariat and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination’. Lenin Collected Works,
  314. (1975). The Right of Nations to Self-Determination,” The Lenin Anthology.
  315. (1978). The Routinization of Social Movement Organisations: China as a Deviant Case’,
  316. (1972). The rut or the couch?
  317. (1994). The Search For Africa: A History in the making.
  318. (1981). The Social and Political Thought of Amilcar Cabral: a Reassessment’.
  319. (1997). The Spirit of African Leadership. Johannesburg: Knowledge Resources.
  320. (1996). The Spivak Reader: Selected works of Gayatri Chakravorty
  321. (1964). The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud.
  322. (1947). The State and Revolution’,
  323. (2000). The Strategy/Structure Debate: An examination of the performance implications’,
  324. (1971). The Structure of Organisations.
  325. (1979). The Structuring of Organisations. Englewood Cliffs,
  326. (1983). The Struggle for Mozambique. London: Zed Books Moore-Gilbert,
  327. (1982). The subject and power’, Afterword to
  328. (1970). The Theory of Organizations,
  329. (1972). The World and Africa: An inquiry into the part which Africa has played in world history.
  330. (1967). The Wretched of the Earth.
  331. (1981). Theory Z.
  332. (1996). Third World Politics: A Concise Introduction.
  333. (2005). Through the subject’s eye: Situating the ‘other’ in discourses of diversity’,
  334. (2001). Toward an African-oriented management theory’,
  335. (2003). Toward and Postcolonial reading of organizational control’, In
  336. (1974). Toward Final Victory: selected speeches and documents. Canada: LSM Information
  337. (1994). Towards the Abolition of Whiteness: Essays on Race, Politics and Working Class History.
  338. (2002). Transgressive desires: new enterprising selves in the new capitalism’,
  339. (1978). Types of organisational control and their relationship to emotional wellbeing’,
  340. (1997). Ubuntu: The African Dream in Management. Pretoria: Knowledge Resources.
  341. (1968). UJamaa: Essays on Socialism.
  342. (1984). Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourse’,
  343. (2002). Understanding Organization Culture.
  344. (2003). Understanding Third World Politics:
  345. (1980). Unity and Struggle: Speeches and Writings.
  346. (1994). Values, motives and interventions of organisation development practitioners’,
  347. (1902). What is to be done? Burning Questions of Our Movement.
  348. (1982). Whatever happened to cognitive anthropology: A partial review’,
  349. (1989). When Giants Learn to Dance: Mastering the challenges of Strategy,
  350. (1997). White: Essays on Race and Culture.
  351. (1964). Work and Motivation.
  352. (2002). Work Organisations: A Critical Introduction (3rd edn).
  353. (2001). Work, Postmodernism and Organization: A Critical introduction,
  354. (1995). Work, Self and Society,
  355. (1993). Working in hermeneutic circles in management accounting research: some implications and applications’,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.