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Empathy, facial expression recognition and IQ: Offenders with intellectual disabilities in low-secure and medium-secure units.

By Dave Heavens

Abstract

The full text of this dissertation is available only to University of Leicester members. Please log in with your CFS username and password when prompted.This study investigated empathy and facial expression recognition in offenders with intellectual disabilities in different levels of secure care. Thirty adult, male offenders with an intellectual disability participated, of whom 15 were recruited from low-secure units, and 15 were recruited from medium-secure units. All participants were administered the Basic Empathy Scale (BES; Jolliffe & Farrington, 2006) and the adult photos from the Receptive Facial Expressions Subtest of the Diagnostic Assessment of Non-Verbal Accuracy (DANVA; Nowicki & Duke, 1994). Information regarding the participants’ IQ was obtained from their clinical files. There was no significant difference in empathy and facial expression recognition accuracy between offenders with intellectual disabilities in low-secure and medium-secure units. Within both groups, there was no significant association between empathy and IQ, and empathy and facial expression recognition accuracy. There was no significant association between facial expression recognition accuracy and IQ in the medium-secure group. However, a significant association was found between these variables in the low-secure group. Empathy and IQ were not significant predictors of facial expression recognition accuracy in either of the groups. The limitations and implications of the research are discussed, and suggestions are made regarding future empirical work in this area.University of Leiceste

Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/4245
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