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Bullying in prison: aggression and attitudes towards bullying within the social environment

By Mark Crane

Abstract

The full text of this dissertation is available only to University of Leicester members. Please log in with your CFS username and password when prompted.The present study explored differences across bully groups in terms of their attitudes toward bullying, their aggression, and the social environment, within an adult male category C prison. The sample comprised of 96 participants who were classified using the Direct and Indirect Prisoner Behaviour Checklist Revised (DIPC-R) into one of four bully groups: pure bullies, bully/victims, pure victims, and not involved. Participants were also required to complete the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, which measures both direct and indirect types of aggressive behaviour as well as cognitive and affective aspects of aggression, such as hostility. The Attitude towards Bullying (AB-S) measure was also used to rate attitudes toward bullying. The social environment was measured in terms of the prison location in which participants resided which included: Induction, Enhanced,\ud and General Population wings, as well as Voluntary Testing Units. Results found that there were no significant differences between the four bully groups on the attitudinal measure. Differences were reported for overall aggression scores between the bully groups with bully/victims scoring higher than those not involved, with a significant difference on the hostility sub-scale. Further analysis found that there were significant differences on the indirect aggression sub-scale between bully/victims and those not involved; whereas findings for the direct aggression sub-scale found no significant differences. Moreover, there was a significant association found between bullying groups and prison location, with membership to the pure bully and bully/victim groups significantly higher on the General Population wing. These results are discussed in terms of previous research findings and their implications for theory and future practice, including prison intervention strategies that target bullying.University of Leiceste

Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/3845
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