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Job-exposure matrix for historical exposures to rubber dust, rubber fumes and n-Nitrosamines in the British rubber industry

By Mira Hidajat, Damien Martin McElvenny, William Mueller, Peter Ritchie, John W. Cherrie, Andrew Darnton, Raymond M. Agius, Hans Kromhout and Frank De Vocht

Abstract

Objectives: To develop a quantitative historical job-exposure matrix (JEM) for rubber dust, rubber fumes and n-Nitrosamines in the British rubber industry for 1915-2002 to estimate lifetime cumulative exposure (LCE) for a cohort of workers with 49 years follow-up. Methods: Data from the EU-EXASRUB database - rubber dust (n=4157), rubber fumes (n=3803) and n-Nitrosamines (n=10 115) collected between 1977 and 2002 - were modelled using linear mixed-effects models. Sample year, stationary/personal measurement, industry sector and measurement source were included as fixed explanatory variables and factory as random intercept. Model estimates and extrapolations were used to construct a JEM covering all departments in both sectors of the rubber manufacturing industries for the years 1915-2002. JEM-estimates were linked to all cohort members to calculate LCE. Sensitivity analyses related to assumptions about extrapolation of time trends were also conducted. Results: Changes in rubber dust exposures ranged from -6.3 %/year (crude materials/mixing) to -1.0 %/year (curing) and -6.5 %/year (crude materials/mixing) to +0.5 %/year (finishing, assembly and miscellaneous) for rubber fumes. Declines in n-Nitrosamines ranged from -17.9 %/year (curing) to -1.3 %/year (crude materials and mixing). Mean LCEs were 61 mg/m 3 -years (rubber dust), 15.6 mg/ m 3 -years (rubber fumes), 2483.2 μg/m 3 -years (n-Nitrosamines sum score), 18.6 μg/m 3 -years (N-nitrosodimethylamine) and 15.0 μg/m 3 -years (N-itrosomorpholine). Conclusions: All exposures declined over time. Greatest declines in rubber dust and fumes were found in crude materials and mixing and for n-Nitrosamines in curing/vulcanising and preprocessing. This JEM and estimated LCEs will allow for evaluation of exposure-specific excess cancer risks in the British rubber industry

Topics: industrial cohort study, JEM, job-exposure matrix, nitrosamines, occupational exposures, rubber dust, rubber fumes, rubber industry, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Year: 2019
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Provided by: NARCIS
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