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Changes in expression and activity of the secretory pathway Ca2+ATPase 1 (SPCA1) in A7r5 vascular smooth muscle cells cultured at different glucose concentrations

By Pei Lai and Francesco Michelangeli

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus-related vascular disease is often associated with both a dysregulation of Ca\(^{2+}\) homoeostasis and enhanced secretory activity in VSMCs (vascular smooth muscle cells). Here, we employ a commonly used rat cell line for VSMCs (A7r5 cells) to investigate the effects of glucose on the expression and activity of the SPCA1 (secretory pathway Ca\(^{2+}\)-ATPase 1; also known as ATP2C1), which is a P-type Ca\(^{2+}\) pump located in the Golgi apparatus that plays a key role in the secretory pathway. Our results show that mRNA expression levels of SPCA1 are significantly increased in A7r5 cells cultured in high glucose (25.0 mM)-supplemented medium compared with normal glucose (5.55 mM)-supplemented medium. SPCA1 protein expression levels and thapsigargin-insensitive Ca\(^{2+}\)-dependent ATPase activity were also consistent with a higher than normal expression level of SPCA1 in high-glucose-cultured A7r5 cells. Analysis of AVP (arginine-vasopressin)-induced cytosolic Ca\(^{2+}\) transients in A7r5 cells (after pre-treatment with thapsigargin) showed faster rise and decay phases in cells grown in high glucose medium compared with cells grown in normal glucose medium, supporting the observation of increased SPCA expression/activity. The significant levels of both Ca\(^{2+}\)-ATPase activity and AVP-induced Ca\(^{2+}\) transients, in the presence of thapsigargin, indicate that SPCA must play a significant role in Ca\(^{2+}\) uptake within VSMCs. We therefore propose that, if such increases in SPCA expression and activity also occur in primary VSMCs, this may play a substantial role in the aetiology of diabetes mellitus-associated vascular disease, due to alterations in Ca\(^{2+}\) homoeostasis within the Golgi apparatus

Topics: QH301 Biology
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1042/BSR20090058
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.bham.ac.uk:589

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