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Unhealthy weight control behaviours in adolescent girls: a process model based on self-determination theory

By Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani and Nikos Ntoumanis

Abstract

This study used self-determination theory (Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000). The 'what' and 'why' of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268.) to examine predictors of body image concerns and unhealthy weight control behaviours in a sample of 350 Greek adolescent girls. A process model was tested which proposed that perceptions of parental autonomy support and two life goals (health and image) would predict adolescents' degree of satisfaction of their basic psychological needs. In turn, psychological need satisfaction was hypothesised to negatively predict body image concerns (i.e. drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction) and, indirectly, unhealthy weight control behaviours. The predictions of the model were largely supported indicating that parental autonomy support and adaptive life goals can indirectly impact upon the extent to which female adolescents engage in unhealthy weight control behaviours via facilitating the latter's psychological need satisfaction

Topics: R Medicine (General), BF Psychology
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1080/08870440902783628
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.bham.ac.uk:605

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