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SO<sub>2</sub> oxidation products other than H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub> as a trigger of new particle formation ? Part 2: Comparison of ambient and laboratory measurements, and atmospheric implications

By A. Laaksonen, M. Kulmala, T. Berndt, F. Stratmann, S. Mikkonen, A. Ruuskanen, K. E. J. Lehtinen, M. Dal Maso, P. Aalto, T. Petäjä, I. Riipinen, S.-L. Sihto, R. Janson, F. Arnold, M. Hanke, J. Ücker, B. Umann, K. Sellegri, C. D. O'Dowd and Y. Viisanen

Abstract

International audienceAtmospheric new particle formation is generally thought to occur due to homogeneous or ion-induced nucleation of sulphuric acid. We compare ambient nucleation rates with laboratory data from nucleation experiments involving either sulphuric acid or oxidized SO2. Atmospheric nucleation occurs at H2SO4 concentrations 2?4 orders of magnitude lower than binary or ternary H2SO4 nucleation. In contrast, the atmospheric nucleation rates and H2SO4 concentrations are very well replicated in the SO2 oxidation experiments. We explain these features by the formation of free HSO5 radicals in pace with H2SO4 during the SO2 oxidation. We suggest that at temperatures above ~250 K these radicals produce nuclei of new aerosols much more efficiently than H2SO4. These nuclei are activated to further growth by H2SO4 and possibly other trace species. However, at lower temperatures the atmospheric relative acidity is high enough for the H2SO4?H2O nucleation to dominate

Topics: [SDU.OCEAN]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Ocean, Atmosphere
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00304191v1
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