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Reactivity of Succinic Anhydride at Lithium and Graphite Electrodes

By Christopher Charton, Jesus Santos-Peña, Agnès Biller, Eric De Vito, Hervé Galiano, Matthieu Le Digabel and Daniel Lemordant


International audienceSuccinic anhydride (SA) is an useful electrolyte additive for high voltage cathodes but has also a negative impact on graphite (Gr) or Li anodes. For this reason, the Li/electrolyte and Gr/electrolyte interfaces were investigated at 20°C and 45°C using half or symmetrical cells. When SA is added at 1% by weight to the electrolyte (alkylcarbonate mixture + LiPF6), an increase in the Li/Li cell impedance at 20°C occurs owing to the formation of a resistive solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), composed of an inorganic inner layer and an organic outer layer, whereas at 45°C or in absence of SA, the interphase is more inorganic in nature. The reversible capacity of graphite, cycled in Gr/Li half-cells in the presence of SA, is very low at 20°C but almost ten times larger at 45°C. Cycling symmetrical Gr/Gr cells at 45°C indicates that Gr capacity is lower in the presence of SA in connection with the presence of an organic and polymer rich SEI. GC-MS analysis of the electrolyte after cycling shows that ethylene glycol bis-(alkylcarbonate) derivatives disappear when SA is present, owing to the ability of SA to react with lithium alkoxides to yield oligopolyester

Topics: graphite, lithium batteries, SEI forming, additives, solid electrolyte interphase, succinic anhydride, symmetric cells, [CHIM]Chemical Sciences, [CHIM.MATE]Chemical Sciences/Material chemistry
Publisher: 'The Electrochemical Society'
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1149/2.0621707jes
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02058963v1
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