The Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation does not improve the underestimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in people with diabetes and preserved renal function


BACKGROUND: Our hypothesis was that both the Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations would underestimate directly measured GFR (mGFR) to a similar extent in people with diabetes and preserved renal function. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, bias (eGFR - mGFR) was compared for the CKD-EPI and MDRD equations, after stratification for mGFR levels. We also examined the ability of the CKD-EPI compared with the MDRD equation to correctly classify subjects to various CKD stages. In a longitudinal study of subjects with an early decline in GFR i.e., initial mGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) and rate of decline in GFR (ΔmGFR) > 3.3 ml/min/1.73 m(2) per year, ΔmGFR (based on initial and final values) was compared with ΔeGFR by the CKD-EPI and MDRD equations over a mean of 9 years. RESULTS: In the cross-sectional study, mGFR for the whole group was 80 ± 2.2 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (n = 199, 75 % type 2 diabetes). For subjects with mGFR >90 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (mGFR: 112 ± 2.0, n = 76), both equations significantly underestimated mGFR to a similar extent: bias for CKD-EPI: -12 ± 1.4 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (p 90 ml/min/1.73 m(2) as well as an early decline in GFR to a similar extent in people with diabetes. There is scope to improve methods for estimating an early decline in GFR

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