10.1186/s12882-015-0196-0

The Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation does not improve the underestimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in people with diabetes and preserved renal function

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Our hypothesis was that both the Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations would underestimate directly measured GFR (mGFR) to a similar extent in people with diabetes and preserved renal function. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, bias (eGFR - mGFR) was compared for the CKD-EPI and MDRD equations, after stratification for mGFR levels. We also examined the ability of the CKD-EPI compared with the MDRD equation to correctly classify subjects to various CKD stages. In a longitudinal study of subjects with an early decline in GFR i.e., initial mGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) and rate of decline in GFR (ΔmGFR) > 3.3 ml/min/1.73 m(2) per year, ΔmGFR (based on initial and final values) was compared with ΔeGFR by the CKD-EPI and MDRD equations over a mean of 9 years. RESULTS: In the cross-sectional study, mGFR for the whole group was 80 ± 2.2 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (n = 199, 75 % type 2 diabetes). For subjects with mGFR >90 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (mGFR: 112 ± 2.0, n = 76), both equations significantly underestimated mGFR to a similar extent: bias for CKD-EPI: -12 ± 1.4 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (p 90 ml/min/1.73 m(2) as well as an early decline in GFR to a similar extent in people with diabetes. There is scope to improve methods for estimating an early decline in GFR

Similar works

Full text

University of Melbourne Institutional RepositoryProvided a free PDF (195.62 KB)

11343/220518oai:jupiter.its.unimelb.edu.au:11343/220518
Last time updated on March 4, 2019View original full text link

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.