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Low-temperature anomaly in disordered superconductors near Bc2 as a vortex-glass property

By Benjamin Sacépé, Johanna Seidemann, Frédéric Gay, Kevin Davenport, Andrey Rogachev, Maoz Ovadia, Karen Michaeli and Mikhail Feigel’man

Abstract

International audienceStrongly disordered superconductors in a magnetic field display many characteristic properties of type-II superconductivity--- except at low temperatures where a significant upturn of the critical field Bc2Bc2B_{c2} with a linear TTT-dependence is routinely observed. This behavior violates the conventional theory of superconductivity, and its origin remains a long-standing puzzle. Here we report on systematic measurements of the critical magnetic field and current on amorphous indium oxide films of various levels of disorder. Surprisingly, our measurements show that the Bc2Bc2B_{c2} upturn near zero-temperature is accompanied by a clear mean-field like scaling behavior of the critical current. We demonstrate theoretically that these are consequences of the vortex-glass ground state and its thermal fluctuations. This theory further predicts the linear-TTT anomaly to occur in films as well as bulk superconductors with a slope that depends on the normal-state sheet resistance---in agreement with experimental data. Thus, our combined experimental and theoretical study reveals universal low-temperature behavior of Bc2Bc2B_{c2} in a large class of disordered superconductors

Topics: [PHYS.COND.CM-S]Physics [physics]/Condensed Matter [cond-mat]/Superconductivity [cond-mat.supr-con]
Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41567-018-0294-6
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-01974237v1
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