Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Greenhouse gas budgets of crop production : current and likely future trends

By Helen C Flynn and Pete Smith


Publisher PD

Topics: agriculture, carbon sequestration, emissions, greenhouse gas, nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, rice, soil, sustainable development, SB Plant culture, SB
Publisher: International Fertilizer Industry Association
Year: 2010
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1989). A 3-year continuous record on the infl uence of daytime, season, and fertilizer treatment on methane emission rates from an Italian rice paddy.
  2. (1981). A comparison of the organic matter, biomass, adenosine triphosphate and mineralizable nitrogen contents of ploughed and direct-drilled soils.
  3. (2000). A Four-Year Record of Methane Emissions from Irrigated Rice Fields in the Beijing Region of China. Nutrient Cycling in
  4. (2004). A multi-gas approach to climate policy.
  5. (2008). A perspective on reactive nitrogen in a global, Asian and Indian context.
  6. (2001). Adopting zero tillage management: Impact on soil C and N under long-term crop rotations in a thin Black Chernozem.
  7. (2000). Advances in controlled release fertilizers.
  8. (2005). Agricultural management impacts on soil organic carbon storage under moist and dry climatic conditions of temperate and tropical regions.
  9. (2007). Agricultural opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
  10. (1996). Agricultural options for mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. In:
  11. (2007). Agricultural production, greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 142,
  12. (2002). Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices.
  13. (2008). Agricultural trade liberalisation and greenhouse gas emissions; A simulation study using the GTAP-IMAGE modelling framework. Th e Hague,
  14. (2001). Ammonia volatilization from soils fertilized with urea and varying rates of urease inhibitor NBPT. doi
  15. (2006). An inventory of N2O emissions from agriculture in China using precipitation-rectifi ed emission factor and background emission.
  16. (2006). Analysis of environmental pressures and impacts of the baseline for the second OECD Environment Outlook. Draft Final Version
  17. (1998). Assessing and mitigating N2O emissions from agricultural soils.
  18. (2009). Assessment of Fertilizer Use by Crop at the Global Level. International Fertilizer Industry Association,
  19. (1982). Assessment of soil nitrogen availability. In: F.J. Stevenson (Ed.), Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils. Agronomy Monographs 22.
  20. (1997). Automated chamber measurements of methane and nitrous oxide fl ux in a fl ooded rice soil .1. Residue, nitrogen, and water management.
  21. (1997). Balanced fertility management: a key to nutrient use effi ciency.
  22. (2007). Balanced fertilization for sustainable use of plant nutrients. In: Fertilizer Best Management Practices – General Principles, Strategy for their Adoption and Voluntary Initiatives vs Regulations.
  23. (2000). Beperking van lachgasemissie uit bemeste landbouwgronden; een systeemanalyse. Alterra report 114.2 (in Dutch). Wageningen, Th e Netherlands.
  24. (2000). Beperking van lachgasemissie uit beweid grasland; een systeemanalyse. Alterra report 114.1 (in Dutch). Wageningen, Th e Netherlands.
  25. (2000). Beperking van lachgasemissie uit gewasresten; een systeemanalyse. Alterra report 114.3 (in Dutch). Wageningen, Th e Netherlands.
  26. (2005). Capitalizing on multielement interactions through balanced nutrition… a pathway to improve nitrogen use effi ciency in
  27. (2004). Carbon cycling and sequestration opportunities in South America: the case of Brazil.
  28. (2004). Carbon emission from farm operations.
  29. (2002). Carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems.
  30. (2005). Carbon sequestration in arable soils is likely to increase nitrous oxide emissions, off setting reductions in climate radiative forcing.
  31. (1999). Carbon sequestration in soils.
  32. (2005). Carbon stocks and sequestration potentials of agricultural soils in the federal state of Baden-Wurttemberg,
  33. (2004). Carbon, nitrogen balances and greenhouse gas emission during cattle feedlot manure composting.
  34. CH4 emission with diff erences in atmospheric CO2 enrichment and rice cultivars in a Japanese paddy soil.
  35. (1994). Cherish the Earth-Soil Management for Sustainable Agriculture and
  36. (2001). CO2 emissions and C sequestration by agriculture - perspectives and limitations.
  37. (2001). Comparing a process-based agro-ecosystem model to the IPCC methodology for developing a national inventory of N2O emissions from arable lands in China. Nutrient Cycling in
  38. (2003). Comparing measured and expert-N predicted N2O emission from conventional and no till corn treatments.
  39. (1996). Comparison of CH4 oxidation rates in woodland, arable and set aside soils.
  40. (1996). Consequences of forest-to-pasture conversion on CH4 fl uxes in the Brazilian Amazon Basin.
  41. (1990). Consumption of atmospheric methane in soils of Central Panama: Eff ects of agricultural development.
  42. (2002). Control of microbial methane production in wetland rice fi elds.
  43. (2008). Cool Farming: climate impacts of agriculture and mitigation potential. Greenpeace International,
  44. (2006). Cost effi cient rotation and tillage options to sequester carbon and mitigate GHG emissions from agriculture in Eastern Canada.
  45. (1992). Council for Agricultural Science and Technology,
  46. (2008). Crop residue management for lowland rice-based cropping systems in Asia.
  47. (1994). Denitrifi cation and N2O emission from urine aff ected grassland soils.
  48. (2003). Denitrifi cation and nitrous oxide to nitrous oxide plus dinitrogen ratios in the soil profi le under three tillage systems.
  49. (1998). Denitrifi cation from soils of a year-round forage production system fertilized with liquid dairy manure.
  50. (2006). Determining the environmental burdens and resource use in the production of agricultural and horticultural commodities.
  51. (2009). Developing Good Agricultural Practice for GHG mitigation in agriculture.
  52. (2002). Development and application of a mechanistic model to estimate emission of nitrous oxide from UK agriculture.
  53. (2009). Development of methane emission factors for Indian paddy fi elds and estimation of national methane budget.
  54. (2003). Development of region-specifi c emission factors and estimation of methane emission from rice fi elds in the East, Southeast and South Asian countries.
  55. (1999). Direct nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural fi elds in China estimated by the revised
  56. (2002). Does conversion of forest to agricultural land change soil carbon and nitrogen? A review of the literature.
  57. (2008). Dynamics of upward and downward N2O and CO2 fl uxes in ploughed or no-tilled soils in relation to water-fi lled pore space, compaction and crop presence.
  58. (2004). EarthTrends – Population, Health and Human Well-being. Searchable Database.
  59. (1996). Economic and environmental impacts of long-term nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization.
  60. (2004). Economic and Social Department -Agricultural Data FAOSTAT.
  61. (2006). Economic impact assessment of climate change - A multi-gas investigation with WIAGEM-GTAPELICM. Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Climate Policy,
  62. (2004). Ecosystem services in southern Africa: a regional assessment.
  63. (1999). Efectos de seis años de labrabza en un Hapludol del noroeste de Buenos Aires,
  64. (1997). Eff ect of cultivar diff erence
  65. (1973). Eff ect of direct drilling and reduced cultivation on soil conditions for root growth.
  66. (1991). Eff ect of encapsulated calcium carbide on dinitrogen, nitrous oxide, methane, and carbon dioxide emissions from fl ooded rice.
  67. (2000). Eff ect of land management in winter crop season on CH4 emission during the following fl ooded and rice growing period.
  68. (1995). Eff ect of land use change and methane mixing ratio on methane uptake from United Kingdom soil.
  69. (1996). Eff ect of land use on the rate of methane uptake by surface soils in northern Europe.
  70. (1994). Eff ect of land use on the rate of uptake of methane by surface soils in northern Europe.
  71. (2006). Eff ect of N-fi xing and non N-fi xing trees and crops on NO and N2O emissions from Senegalese soils.
  72. (2003). Eff ect of no-tillage on turnover of organic matter in a Rhodic Ferralsol. Soil Use and
  73. (1990). Eff ect of organic matter application on methane emission from some Japanese paddy fi elds.
  74. (1997). Eff ect of rice cultivars and fertilizer management on methane emission in a rice paddy in Beijing. Nutrient Cycling in
  75. (1999). Eff ect of rice cultivars on methane emission.
  76. (1974). Eff ect of zero-tillage on organic carbon and total nitrogen content, and their distribution in diff erent N-fractions in loessial soils.
  77. (2000). Eff ects of ammonium-based fertilization on microbial processes involved in methane emission from soils planted with rice.
  78. (2008). Eff ects of herbicide application on energy use effi ciency and carbon dioxide emissions of cereal cropping systems.
  79. (1998). Eff ects of nitrate, nitrite, NO and N2O on methanogenesis and other redox processes in anoxic rice fi eld soil.
  80. (2004). Eff ects of plant residues on crop performance, N mineralization and microbial activity including fi eld CO2 and N2O fl uxes in unfertilized crop rotations.
  81. (1986). Eff ects of rate and depth of fertilizer application on emission of nitrous oxide from soil fertilized with anhydrous ammonia.
  82. (1993). Eff ects of selected agrochemicals on methane oxidation by an organic agricultural soil.
  83. (1994). Emission, production, and oxidation of methane in a Japanese rice paddy fi eld. In:
  84. (2002). Emissions of N2O and NO from fertilized fi elds: summary of available measurement data.
  85. (2004). Emissions of N2O from alfalfa and soybean crops in Eastern Canada.
  86. (2006). Emissions of nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide: infl uence of tillage type and nitrogen placement depth.
  87. (1995). Energy analysis of tillage and herbicide inputs in 54 International Fertilizer Industry Association alternative weed management systems.
  88. (1998). Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in fertilizer production. In:
  89. (2006). Energy Effi ciency and CO2 Reduction: Opportunities for the Fertilizer Industry.
  90. (2007). Energy Modeling Forum Report, Stanford University. Available from: http://www.stanford. edu/group/EMF/projects/group21/Landuse.pdf (accessed 26
  91. (2009). Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from cropland production in the United States,
  92. (2005). Enhanced iron reduction by iron supplement: A strategy to reduce methane emission from paddies.
  93. (2001). Enriching the Earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch and the Transformation of World Food Production.
  94. (2004). Environmental impact assessment of agricultural production systems using the life cycle assessment methodology – I. Th eoretical concept of a LCA method tailored to crop production.
  95. (2008). Environmental impacts of enhanced effi ciency nitrogen fertilizers.
  96. (2001). Estimated changes in soil carbon associated with agricultural practices in Canada.
  97. (1999). Estimated gains of soil carbon over 15-yr period due to changes in fallow frequency, tillage system and fertilization practices for the Canadian prairies (an expert opinion),
  98. (2008). Estimates of emission and deposition of reactive nitrogenous species for India.
  99. (2001). Estimates of N2O and CH4 fl uxes from agricultural lands in various regions in Europe. Nutrient Cycling in
  100. (1984). Evaluating plant-available nitrogen in soil-crop systems. In:
  101. (2004). Evaluation of current fertilizer practice and soil fertility in vegetable production in the Beijing region.
  102. (1990). Exchange of greenhouse gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere.
  103. (1997). Factors and process controlling methane emissions from rice fi elds.
  104. (2006). FAOSTAT Agricultural Data. Available at (accessed 26
  105. (2007). FAOSTAT Agricultural Data. Available at FAOSTAT,
  106. (2008). Fertilizer Industry Association
  107. (2009). Fertilizer Outlook 2009-2013. International Fertilizer Industry Association,
  108. (2000). Fertilizer Requirements in 2015 and
  109. (2009). Fertilizers and Climate change: Key Facts.
  110. (2001). Five pesticides decreased oxidation of atmospheric methane in a forest soil.
  111. (1997). Fluxes of methane from rice fi elds and potential for mitigation.
  112. (2001). Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change.
  113. (2008). Gaseous and leaching nitrogen losses from no-tillage and conventional tillage systems following surface application of cattle manure.
  114. (2001). Gaseous nitrogen emissions form livestock farming systems.
  115. (2002). Gaseous nitrogen losses of urea applied to maize on a calcareous fl uvo-aquic soil in the North China Plain.
  116. (2008). GHG emissions and energy effi ciency in European nitrogen fertiliser production and use.
  117. (2004). GHG mitigation potential and cost in tropical forestry - Relative role for agroforestry.
  118. (1997). Global estimates of potential mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions by agriculture.
  119. (2001). Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management
  120. (2001). Grassland management and conversion into grassland: Eff ect on soil carbon.
  121. (2005). Greenhouse gas contributions and mitigation potential of agricultural practices in northwestern USA and western Canada.
  122. (2005). Greenhouse gas contributions of agricultural soils and potential mitigation practices in Eastern Canada.
  123. (2007). Greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation costs of selected mitigation measures in agricultural production.
  124. (2007). Greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation measures in Chinese agroecosystems.
  125. (2001). Greenhouse gas emissions during cattle feedlot manure composting.
  126. (2007). Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture.
  127. (2000). Greenhouse gases in intensive agriculture: Contributions of individual gases to the radiative forcing of the atmosphere. doi
  128. (1992). Greenhouse gases: Sources
  129. (2008). How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world.
  130. (1997). Impact of gas transport through rice cultivars on methane emission from paddy fi elds.
  131. (1994). Impact of gypsum application on the methane emission from a wetland rice fi eld.
  132. (1999). Impact of phosphorus supply on root exudation, 60 International Fertilizer Industry Association aerenchyma formation and methane emission of rice plants.
  133. (2004). Impacts of land management on fl uxes of trace greenhouse gases.
  134. (2002). Importance of water regime during the non-rice growing period in winter in regional variation of CH4 emissions from rice fi elds during following rice growing period in China. Nutrient Cycling in
  135. (1995). In Soil Management: Experimental Basis for Sustainability and Environmental Quality. (Eds
  136. (1994). In:
  137. (2000). Including trace gas fl uxes in estimates of the carbon mitigation potential of UK agricultural land.
  138. (2004). Indian methane and nitrous oxide emissions and mitigation fl exibility.
  139. (1991). Infl uence of agricultural nitrogen on atmospheric methane and nitrous oxide.
  140. (1999). Infl uence of chemical properties of soils on methane emission from rice paddies.
  141. (1995). Infl uence of organic matter incorporation on the methane emission from a wetland rice fi eld.
  142. (1995). Infl uence of rice cultivar on methane emission from rice paddy fi elds.
  143. (1998). Infl uence of water management in winter crop season on CH4 emission during rice-growing season.
  144. (1998). Inhibitory eff ects of nitrate, nitrite, NO and N2O on methanogenesis by Methanosarcina barkeri and Methanobacterium bryantii.
  145. (1998). Integration of environmental, agronomic, and economic aspects of fertilizer management.
  146. (2007). Intensive measurement of nitrous oxide emissions from a corn-soybean-wheat rotation under two contrasting management systems over 5 years.
  147. (2004). Inventory of methane and nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils of India and their global warming potential.
  148. (2009). Investigating the interplay between UK crop yields, soil organic carbon stocks and greenhouse gas emissions.
  149. (2006). IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme,
  150. (2000). Laboratory estimates of trace gas emissions following surface application and injection of cattle slurry.
  151. (2007). Land in Climate Stabilization Modeling.
  152. (2000). Land-use change and biogeochemical controls on methane fl uxes in soils of eastern Amazon.
  153. (1993). Long-term eff ects of nitrogen-fertilization on methane oxidation in soil of the broad balk wheat experiment.
  154. (1998). Long-term eff ects of tillage and fallow-frequency on soil quality attributes in a clay soil in semiarid southwestern Saskatchewan.
  155. (2002). Long-term eff ects of tillage systems and rotations on soil structural stability and organic carbon stratifi cation in semiarid central Spain.
  156. (2001). Long-Term Prospects for Agriculture and the Resource Base. Th e World Bank Rural Development Family. Rural Development Strategy Background Paper #1. Th e World Bank,
  157. (2005). Long-term tillage eff ects on cool-season soybean in rotation with barley, soil properties, and carbon and nitrogen storage for fi ne sandy loams in the humid climate of Atlantic Canada.
  158. (2005). Management strategies to sequester carbon in agricultural soils and to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
  159. (2003). Managing soil organic carbon in agriculture: the net eff ect on greenhouse gas emissions.
  160. (2005). Maximizing irrigated corn yields in the Great Plains.
  161. (1990). Mechanism of methane transport from the rhizosphere to the atmosphere through the rice plants.
  162. (2000). Meeting Europe’s climate change commitments: quantitative estimates of the potential for carbon mitigation by agriculture.
  163. (2003). Methane and nitrous oxide emission from irrigated rice fi elds: Proposed mitigation strategies.
  164. (2000). Methane and nitrous oxide emissions form a rice fi eld in relation to soil redox and microbiological processes.
  165. (1998). Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice and leguminous crops as aff ected by diff erent nitrogenous fertilizers.
  166. (1997). Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice paddy fi elds as aff ected by nitrogen fertilisers and water management.
  167. (2008). Methane and nitrous oxide emissions in the agricultural sector of Russia. doi
  168. (1998). Methane and nitrous oxide evolution and 15N and 226Ra uptake as aff ected by application of gypsum and phosphogypsum to Louisiana rice.
  169. (1991). Methane and nitrous oxide fl uxes in native, fertilized and cultivated grasslands.
  170. (1994). Methane budget from Indian paddy fi elds. In:
  171. (2003). Methane emission from fi elds with three various rice straw treatments in Taiwan paddy soils.
  172. (1992). Methane emission from rice fi elds: the eff ect of fl oodwater management.
  173. (1994). Methane emission from rice soils of the Philippines. In:
  174. (1994). Methane emissions of China: Agricultural sources and mitigation options. In: Agricultural Sources and Mitigation Options,
  175. (1996). Methane fl uxes in aerobic soils. doi
  176. (1993). Methane mitigation in fl ooded Louisiana rice fi elds.
  177. (1996). Methane oxidation in a neutral landfi ll cover soil: Infl uence of moisture content, temperature, and nitrogenturnover.
  178. (1996). Methane oxidation in soils of two long-term fertilization experiments in Germany.
  179. (1990). Methane production and emission in a Texas rice fi eld.
  180. (1999). Methane production in unamended and ricestraw-amended soil at diff erent moisture levels. doi
  181. (1998). Mitigating agricultural emissions of methane.
  182. (1996). Mitigation alternatives to decrease nitrous oxides emissions and urea-nitrogen loss and their eff ect on methane fl ux.
  183. (1991). Mitigation of methane emissions from rice fi elds: Possible adverse eff ects of incorporated rice straw.
  184. (1996). Mitigation options for methane emission from rice fi elds in Korea.
  185. (1989). Model study of losses of soil and nutrients from brown forest soil
  186. (2006). Modelling the eff ects of fertilizer application rate on nitrous oxide emissions.
  187. (2006). Multi-Gas Forcing Stabilization with the MiniCAM. MultiGreenhouse Gas Mitigation and Climate Policy,
  188. (2006). N2O and NO emission from agricultural fi elds and soils under natural vegetation: summarizing available measurement data and modeling of global annual emissions.
  189. (2004). N2O emission and CH4 uptake in arable fi elds managed under conventional and reduced tillage cropping systems in northern Japan.
  190. (2008). N2O emission from conventional and minimum-tilled soils.
  191. (1998). N2O emission in three-years as aff ected by tillage, corn-soybean-alfalfa rotations, and N fertilization.
  192. (2006). Net global warming potential and greenhouse gas intensity in irrigated cropping systems in northeastern Colorado.
  193. (1993). Nitrifi cation and denitrifi cation as sources of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide in a sandy loam soil.
  194. (2007). Nitrogen fertilization and cropping systems eff ects on soil organic carbon and total nitrogen pools under chisel-plow tillage in Illinois.
  195. (1999). Nitrogen fertilization eff ects on soil organic matter turnover and crop residue storage.
  196. (2002). Nitrogen fertilizer use in China – Contributions to food production, impacts on the environment and best management strategies.
  197. (2002). Nitrogen fertilizers: meeting contemporary challenges.
  198. (2007). Nitrogen management aff ects carbon sequestration in North American cropland soils.
  199. (2005). Nitrogen oxide and methane emissions under varying tillage and fertilizer management.
  200. (2009). Nitrogen rate and source eff ects on nitrous oxide emissions from irrigated cropping systems in Colorado.
  201. (2008). Nitrogen uptake, fi xation and response to fertilizer N in soybeans: A review.
  202. (2008). Nitrogen, tillage, and crop rotation eff ects on 57Greenhouse gas budgets of crop production – current and likely future trends nitrous oxide emissions from irrigated cropping systems.
  203. (2000). Nitrous and nitrogen oxide emissions from turfgrass receiving diff erent forms of nitrogen fertilizer.
  204. (2002). Nitrous oxide and methane fl uxes in six diff erent land 53 use systems in the Peruvian Amazon.
  205. (1993). Nitrous oxide emission and methane consumption in wheat and corn-cropped systems.
  206. (2003). Nitrous oxide emission factors for agricultural soils in Great Britain: the impact of soil water-fi lled pore space and other controlling variables.
  207. (2002). Nitrous oxide emission from a sandy loam Inceptisol under irrigated wheat in India as infl uenced by diff erent nitrifi cation inhibitors.
  208. (2003). Nitrous oxide emission from animal manures applied to soil under controlled conditions.
  209. (2000). Nitrous oxide emission from diff erent fertilizers and its mitigation by 59Greenhouse gas budgets of crop production – current and likely future trends nitrifi cation inhibitors in irrigated rice.
  210. (2002). Nitrous oxide emission from soils amended with crop residues.
  211. (2008). Nitrous oxide emissions form soil during soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) crop phonological stages and stubbles decomposition period.
  212. (2002). Nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils and the potential for their reduction.
  213. (2006). Nitrous oxide emissions from corn-soybean systems in the Midwest.
  214. (1990). Nitrous oxide emissions from fertilized soils: Summary of available data.
  215. (1997). Nitrous oxide emissions from grassland and spring barley, following N fertiliser application with and without nitrifi cation inhibitors. Biology and Fertility of Soils 25,
  216. (1999). Nitrous oxide emissions from intensive agricultural systems: variations between crops and seasons, key driving variables, and mean emission factors.
  217. (1992). Nitrous oxide emissions in irrigated corn as aff ected by encapsulated calcium carbide and nitrapyrin.
  218. (1994). Nitrous oxide from agriculture. Supplement 12.
  219. (2003). Nitrous oxide production from granular nitrogen fertilizers applied to a silt loam soil.
  220. (1998). Nitrous oxide release from arable soil: importance of N-fertilization, crops and temporal variation.
  221. (1978). Nitrous oxide: emission from soils during nitrifi cation of fertilizer nitrogen.
  222. (2008). No-till only increases N2O emissions in poorly-aerated soils. doi
  223. (2005). Nonlinear response of N2O fl ux to incremental fertilizer addition in a continuous maize (Zea mays L.) cropping system.
  224. (2002). Nutrient management in food production: achieving agronomic and environmental targets.
  225. (2007). of Climate change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  226. (2004). Options for mitigating CH4 emissions from rice fi elds in China. In:
  227. (2000). Phosphate inhibits acetotrophic methanogenesis on rice roots.
  228. (1986). Plant associated nitrogen fi xation by fi ve rice varieties and relationship with plant growth characteristics as aff ected by straw incorporation.
  229. (2007). Policy and technological constraints to implementation of greenhouse gas mitigation options in agriculture.
  230. (2002). Post-contract land use eff ects on soil carbon and nitrogen in conservation reserve grasslands.
  231. (1996). Potential carbon sequestration by aff orestation of pasture in the South-Central Untied States.
  232. (2005). Potential of agrocforestry for carbon sequestration and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from soils in the tropics.
  233. (2003). Precision Farming of Cereal crops: a review of a six year experiment to develop management guidelines. doi
  234. (1998). Preliminary estimates of the potential for carbon mitigation in European soils through no-till farming.
  235. (1996). Production potential and emission of methane in fl ooded rice soil microcosms aft er continuous application of straws.
  236. (2001). Production, oxidation, emission and consumption of methane by soils: A review.
  237. (2008). Profi le analysis modelling and modelling of reduced tillage eff ects on soil nitrous oxide fl ux.
  238. (1995). Protecting Our Green Earth. How to manage global warming through environmentally sound farming and preservation of the world’s forests. 683 pp.
  239. (2008). Quantifying the eff ects of fungicides and disease resistance on greenhouse gas emissions associated with wheat production.
  240. (2008). Reactive nitrogen in Indian agriculture: Inputs, use effi ciency and leakages.
  241. (1994). Reducing denitrifi cation loss with nitrifi cation inhibitors following pre-sowing applications of fertiliser nitrogen to irrigated cotton fi elds.
  242. (1997). Residue management, conservation tillage and soil restoration for mitigating greenhouse eff ect by CO2 –enrichment.
  243. (2006). Resource management, soil fertility and sustainable crop production:
  244. (2000). Revised estimates of the carbon mitigation potential of UK agricultural land.
  245. (1993). Rhizospheric methane oxidation determined via the methyl fl uoride inhibition technique.
  246. (1994). Rice paddies as a methane source.
  247. (2007). Right product, right rate, right time and right place...the foundation of best management practices for fertilizer. In: Fertilizer Best Management Practices. General Principles, Strategy for Th eir Adoption, and Voluntary Initiatives vs. Regulations.
  248. (1989). Root exudates of rice cultivars and its interaction with Alcaligenes faecalis.
  249. (2000). Seasonal and spatial variations of CO2, CH4, and N2O fl uxes from the surface soils in diff erent forms of land-use/cover in
  250. (2007). Selected Indicators of Food and Agricultural Development in the Asia-Pacifi c Region 1996-2006. FAO Regional Offi ce for Asia and the Pacifi c,
  251. (1994). Short summary chapter for methane. In:
  252. (2002). Short- and medium-term eff ects of NH4 + on CH4 and N2O fl uxes in arable soils with a diff erent texture.
  253. (1998). Short-term eff ects of nitrogen on methane oxidation in soils.
  254. (1996). Sistemas de labranza y variación de propiedades químicas en un Hapludol Entico. Ciancia del Suelo
  255. (2003). Site-specifi c application of fertilizer N for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change funding initiative in Agriculture, Canadian AgriFood Research Council,
  256. (2008). Soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration as aff ected by long-term tillage, cropping systems, and nitrogen fertilizer sources.
  257. (2001). Soil carbon sequestration for improved land management.
  258. (2004). Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security.
  259. (2009). Soil carbon sequestrations by nitrogen fertilizer application, straw return and no-tillage in China‘s cropland.
  260. (2002). Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis.
  261. (2004). Soil carbon stocks and projected changes according to land use and management: A case study for Kenya. Soil Use and
  262. (2001). Soil conservation and economic efi ciency of some forage crops grown in the region of Balkan submountain.
  263. (1996). Soil emissions of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide from no-till corn.
  264. (2002). Soil fertility and hunger in Africa.
  265. (1997). Soil management and nitrous oxide emissions from cultivated fi elds in southern Ohio.
  266. (1982). Soil nitrogen budgets. In:
  267. (2002). Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration Rates by Tillage and Crop Rotation: A Global Data Analysis.
  268. (2009). Soil organic matter dynamics and losses in manured maize-based forage systems.
  269. (2009). Soil organic matter; its importance in sustainable agriculture and carbon dioxide fl uxes.
  270. (2006). Soil organic nitrogen in a Minnesota soil as related to tillage, residue, and nitrogen management.
  271. (1974). Soil structural aspects of direct drilling. In:
  272. (2007). Soil tillage enhanced CO2 and N2O emissions from loamy sand soil under spring barley.
  273. (1994). Soil–atmosphere exchange of nitrous oxide, nitric oxide, and methane under secondary succession of pasture to forest in the Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica.
  274. (1990). Soils and the Green House Eff ect,
  275. (1994). Sources of methane in China. In:
  276. (1997). Spatial analysis of methane emissions from paddy soils in China and the potential for emissions reduction. Nutrient Cycling in
  277. (2000). Stimulation by ammonium-based fertilizers of methane oxidation in soil around rice roots.
  278. (2001). Sulfate-containing amendments to reduce methane emissions from rice fi elds: mechanisms, eff ectiveness and costs. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for
  279. (2000). Suppression of methane emission from rice paddies by ferric iron fertilization.
  280. (2005). Survey of technical and management-based mitigation measures in agriculture.
  281. (2005). Sustaining soil resources while managing nutrients. In:
  282. (2007). Technology transfer and mitigation of climate change: Th e fertilizer industry perspective.
  283. (1990). Testing Soils for Available Nitrogen.
  284. (2003). Th e eff ect of nitrogen fertilizer placement, formulation, timing, and rate on greenhouse gas emissions and agronomic performance.
  285. (2008). Th e eff ect of reduced tillage on nitrous oxide emissions of silt loam soils.
  286. (1985). Th e eff ects of direct drilling, shallow cultivation and ploughing on some soil physical properties in a long-term experiment on spring barley.
  287. (1994). Th e eff ects of tillage systems and crop rotation on soil chemical properties of a Black Chernozemic soil.
  288. (1998). Th e infl uence of land use and pesticides on methane oxidation in some Belgian soils,
  289. (2001). Th e physical quality of soils on grazing lands and its eff ects on sequestering carbon. In:
  290. (2004). Th e potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillage management is only realized when practised in the long term.
  291. (2006). Th e sectoral trends of multigas emissions inventory of India. doi
  292. (2008). Tillage eff ects on gaseous emissions from an intensively farmed organic soil in North Central Ohio.
  293. (1999). Tillage eff ects on soil organic carbon distribution and storage in a silt loam soil in Illonois.
  294. (2007). Tillage, crop residue and N fertilizer eff ects on crop yield, nutrient uptake, soil quality and nitrous oxide gas emissions in a second 4-yr rotation cycle.
  295. (2006). Tillage, nitrogen and crop residue eff ects on crop yield and nutrient uptake, soil quality and greenhouse gas emissions.
  296. (2002). Tillage, nitrogen, and cropping systems eff ects on soil carbon sequestration.
  297. (2005). Trends in global nitrous oxide emissions from animal production systems.
  298. (2000). Turnover of glucose and acetate coupled to reduction of nitrate, ferric iron and sulfate and to methanogenesis in anoxic rice fi eld soil.
  299. (2005). Urease Inhibitors.
  300. (2001). Use of controlled release fertilizers and nitrifi cation inhibitors to increase nitrogen use effi ciency and to conserve air and water quality.
  301. (1994). Use of polyolefi ncoated fertilizers for increasing fertilizer effi ciency and reducing nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide emissions.
  302. (2008). Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change. Science Express 319, 1238-1240. 63Greenhouse gas budgets of crop production – current and likely future trends
  303. (2001). Will Agriculture Fall Victim to AIDS?
  304. (2001). Working Group 7 – Agriculture. Final Report. Mitigation potential of Greenhouse Gases in the Agricultural Sector Available at agriculture_report.pdf (verifi ed 9th
  305. (2003). Working Group on Sinks Related to Agricultural Soils. Final Report Available from agriculturalsoils.htm (verifi ed 9th
  306. (2003). World agriculture: towards 2015/2030, an FAO perspective. Earthscan Publications; London. 53Greenhouse gas budgets of crop production – current and likely future trends
  307. (2003). World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030. An FAO Perspective.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.