Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Bowel dysfunction after transposition of intestinal segments into the urinary tract : 8-year prospective cohort study

By Bhaskar K. Somani, Vinod Kumar, Susan Wong, Robert Pickard, Ghulam Nabi, ABACUS Research Group, Craig R Ramsay, Adrian Maxwell Grant and James Michael Olu N'Dow


Purpose Bowel function may be disturbed after intestinal segments are transposed into the urinary tract to reconstruct or replace the bladder. In 1997, our group were the first to report major bowel dysfunction in a cohort of such patients: up to 42% of those who were asymptomatic preoperatively describing new bowel symptoms postoperatively including explosive diarrhoea, nocturnal diarrhoea, faecal urgency, faecal incontinence and flatus leakage . We now describe bowel symptoms in this same cohort eight years later (2005). Materials and Methods 116 patients were evaluable. Of the remaining 37 from the original report: 30 had died, five no longer wished to be involved, and two could not be traced. Patients were asked to complete postal questionnaires identical to those used in the first follow-up, assessing the severity of bowel symptoms and quality of life using two validated instruments. Responses were compared with those from the original study. The Nottingham Health Profile quality of life scores were also compared to age and sex matched norms. Results 96 (83%) completed eight-year follow-up questionnaires: 43 after ileal conduit diversion (Group 1), 17 after clam enterocystoplasty for overactive bladder (Group 2), 18 after reconstructed bladder for neurogenic bladder dysfunction (Group 3), and 18 with bladder replacement for non-neurogenic causes (Group 4). High prevalence rates of bowel symptoms persisted with no statistically significant differences between the two time points. Of those with symptoms in 2005, around 50% had reported similar symptoms in 1997. Clam enterocystoplasty patients (Group 2) still reported the highest prevalence (59%) of troublesome diarrhoea with one in two on regular anti-diarrhoeal medication. They also had high rates of faecal incontinence (47%), faecal urgency (41%) and nocturnal bowel movement (18%); with high proportions reporting a moderate or severe adverse effect on work (36%), social life (50%) and sex life (43%). High rates were also reported by neurogenic bladder dysfunction patients, including 50% with troublesome diarrhoea. This symptom was reported by 19% after ileal conduit and by 17% after bladder replacement for non-neurogenic causes. The impact of bowel symptoms on every-day activities and quality of life persisted, remaining most severe after clam enterocystoplasty, with 24% regretting undergoing the procedure because of subsequent bowel symptoms. Conclusions: After more than eight years, operations involving transposition of intestinal segments continue to be associated with high rates of bowel symptoms, which impact on everyday activities. These are particularly troublesome following enterocystoplasty for overactive bladder and bladder reconstruction for neurogenic bladder dysfunction. These risks should influence patient selection and potential patients should be warned prior to surgery

Topics: Intestinal Diseases, Quality of Life, Treatment Outcomes, Urinary Diversion
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2007
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1997). A case-control study to examine any association between idiopathic detrusor instability and gastrointestinal tract disorder, and between irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract disorder.
  2. (2002). A.: Symptom documentation in cancer survivors as a basis for therapy modifications.
  3. Bile acid dysfunction after clam enterocystoplasty.
  4. (1989). Bile acid malabsorption: a complication of conduit surgery.
  5. (1986). Bladder smooth muscle dysfunction in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
  6. (1998). Bowel dysfunction after bladder reconstruction.
  7. (2004). Bowel function after urinary diversion.
  8. Bowel problems after enterocystoplasty.
  9. (1995). Clinical outcome and quality of life following enterocystoplasty for idiopathic detrusor instability and neurogenic bladder dysfunction.
  10. (2001). Distressful symptoms after radical cystectomy with urinary diversion for urinary bladder cancer: a Swedish population-based study.
  11. (2003). et al: Time after surgery, symptoms and well-being in survivors of urinary bladder cancer.
  12. (1996). Fat-induced ileal brake in the dog depends on peptide YY.
  13. (1988). Further characterisation of the 'ileal brake' reflex in man--effect of ileal infusion of partial digests of fat, protein, and starch on jejunal motility and release of neurotensin, enteroglucagon, and peptide YY.
  14. (1987). General health measurements. In: Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires.
  15. Is orthotopic bladder replacement the new gold standard? Evidence from a systematic review.
  16. (1998). Morbidity and quality of life in patients with orthotopic and heterotopic continent urinary diversion.
  17. (1995). Pelvic floor physiology in women with faecal incontinence and urinary symptoms.
  18. (1990). Response to treatment of detrusor instability in relation to psychoneurotic status.
  19. (1993). Simultaneous dynamic electromyographic proctography and cystometrography. doi
  20. (1993). The Nottingham Health Profile User's Manual.
  21. Urinary diversion and bladder reconstruction/replacement using intestinal segments for intractable incontinence or following cystectomy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.