Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Monarchy, migration and hegemony in the Arabian Peninsula

By John Chalcraft

Abstract

Migrants make up a greater proportion of the workforce in the Arabian peninsula than perhaps in any other region of the world. Migration politics, however, has been either understudied – in comparative politics and conventional economics – or treated by authors influenced by modernization theory and Marxism alike in a deterministic manner. Using Antonio Gramsci’s concepts of hegemony, historic bloc and alternative hegemony, this paper aims to analyse the significance of migration for the changing fate of monarchy in the region since 1945. On the basis of primary and secondary sources in Arabic and English I argue that migration has played two different roles in the region. In the 1950s and 1960s, it formed a part of an oppositional bloc challenging monarchy. From the 1970s to the 2000s, however, the oppositional bloc dissolved and migration became an adjunct rather than a challenge to the ruling order

Topics: DS Asia, JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:32556
Provided by: LSE Research Online

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1978). A House Built on Sand: A Politic al Economy of Saudi Arabia . R e a d i n g : Ithac a Press .
  2. (1978). A House Built on Sand: A Political Economy of Saudi Arabia. doi
  3. (2001). Abrahami a n , E.,
  4. (1991). Absolutism and the Resilience of Monarchy in the Middle East. doi
  5. (1983). Al-‘Ummala al-Ajnabiyya fi Aqtar al-Khalij al‘Arabi/Foreign Workers in the Gulf Countries. Beirut: Centre for Arab Unity Studies.
  6. (2007). Al-Jama‘at al-Siyasiya al-Kuwaytiya fi Qarn
  7. (1994). al-Rama d h a n ,
  8. (1990). Allocat i o n vs Product i o n States: A Theoreti c a l Framewor k ,
  9. (1990). Allocation vs Production States: A Theoretical Framework,
  10. (2007). America’s Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier . S t a n f o r d : Stanfo r d Univer s i t y doi
  11. (2007). America’s Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford: doi
  12. (1991). Arab Economies after the Gulf War: Power, Poverty, and Petrodollars. doi
  13. (1980). Arab Manpower: The Crisis of Development . L o n d o n : Croom Hel m. doi
  14. (1980). Arab Manpower: The Crisis of Development. doi
  15. (1991). Arab Nationalism, Oil, and the Political Economy of Dependency . doi
  16. (1991). Arab Nationalism, Oil, and the Political Economy of Dependency. doi
  17. (1977). Arab Politics: The Search for Legitimacy . New Haven: Yale Univer s i t y doi
  18. (1977). Arab Politics: The Search for Legitimacy. New Haven: doi
  19. (2006). Arab versus Asian Migran t Worker s in the GCC Countri e s . Paper presented to United Nations Expe rt Group Meeting on Inter na t i on a l Migrat i o n and Develop me n t in the Arab Region. Beirut ,
  20. (2006). Arab versus Asian Migrant Workers in the GCC Countries. Paper presented to United Nations Expert Group Meeting
  21. (2002). Arabia without Sultans. 2nd edn. London: Saqi Books.
  22. (1986). Asians in the Arab Worl d: Labor Migration and Public Policy.
  23. (1986). Asians in the Arab World: Labor Migration and Public Policy. doi
  24. (1986). Bahrai n Govern me n t ,
  25. (2009). Comparative Politics: Conti nuity and Breakdown in the Contemporary World . Lo n d o n : Routled g e . Z a r t m a n
  26. (2007). Contesting the Saudi State: Is lamic Voices from a New Generation. C a mbr i d g e : Ca mbri d g e Univer s i t y doi
  27. (2007). Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation. Cambridge: doi
  28. (1989). Culture and Counter-Culture in Morocco . B o u l d e r , CO:
  29. (2001). Does Oil Hinder De mocra c y ? doi
  30. (2001). Does Oil Hinder Democracy? doi
  31. (2008). Dubai: The Vulnerability of Success . L o n d o n : doi
  32. (2008). Dubai: The Vulnerability of Success. doi
  33. (2000). Dynasts and Nationalists: Why Monarchies Survive,
  34. (1973). Endemi c and Planne d Corruption in a Monarchical Regime .
  35. (1973). Endemic and Planned Corruption in a Monarchical Regime. doi
  36. (1984). Expatri a t e Labor Flows to the Arab Oil Countri e s in the 1980s.
  37. (1984). Expatriate Labor Flows to the Arab Oil Countries in the 1980s.
  38. (2000). Gulf Monarchi e s as Re nti e r State s : The Na tional i z a t i o n Policies of the Labor Force,
  39. (2000). Gulf Monarchies as Rentier States: The Nationalization Policies of the Labor Force,
  40. (1992). Gulf Societies and the Image of Unlimited Good. doi
  41. (2007). Heroes and Martyrs of Palestine: The Politics of National Commemoration . C a mb r i d g e : Camb rid g e Univers i t y doi
  42. (2007). Heroes and Martyrs of Palestine: The Politics of National Commemoration. Cambridge: doi
  43. (1984). Incentiv e s and Disi ncentives: Internat i o n a l Migrati o n .
  44. (1984). Incentives and Disincentives: International Migration. doi
  45. (1982). Intern a t i o n a l Migrat i o n a nd Developme n t : Indians in the Persian Gulf. Population and Development Review
  46. (2009). King Hassan’s New Morocco, doi
  47. (2008). King Hussein of Jordan: A Political Life . New Haven: Yale Univer s i t y doi
  48. (2008). King Hussein of Jordan: A Political Life. doi
  49. (1994). Kuwait’s Migration Policy since the Gulf Crisis. doi
  50. (1977). Labor Migrat i o n in the Middle East.
  51. (1984). Labor Migration in the Arab World doi
  52. (1977). Labor Migration in the Middle East. doi
  53. (1985). Labor Moveme n t s in Bahrain . doi
  54. (1985). Labor Movements in Bahrain. doi
  55. (1983). Labour Migr at i o n to the Arabia n Gulf: Evolut i o n and Characte r i s t i c s 1920–195
  56. (1983). Labour Migration to the Arabian Gulf: Evolution and Characteristics 1920–1950. doi
  57. (1962). Labour Relation s and Trades Unionism in Aden,
  58. (2001). Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World . doi
  59. (2001). Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World. doi
  60. (1980). Les Etrangers au Koweit. doi
  61. (2007). Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace . L o n d o n : doi
  62. (2007). Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace. doi
  63. (1984). Manpow e r Migrat i o n in the Middle East: An Overvie w .
  64. (1983). Manpower and International Labor Migration in the Middle East and North Africa , A Wo rld Bank Publica t i o n . New York: Oxford Univers i t y
  65. (1983). Manpower and International Labor Migration in the Middle East and North Africa, A World Bank Publication. doi
  66. (1984). Manpower Migration in the Middle East: An Overview.
  67. (1983). Markets of Dispossession: NGOs, Economic Development, and the State in Cairo. D u r h a m, NC: Duke Universi t y doi
  68. (1997). Master and Disciple: The Cultural Foundations of Moroccan Authoritarianism . doi
  69. (1997). Master and Disciple: The Cultural Foundations of Moroccan Authoritarianism. doi
  70. (2000). Middle East Monarchies: The Challenge of Modernity. doi
  71. (1977). Migr at i o n and the Labor Fo rce
  72. (1988). Migrati o n and Politic a l Integr a t i o n in the Arab World,
  73. (1988). Migration and Political Integration in the Arab World,
  74. (1977). Migration and the Labor Force doi
  75. (2000). Monarc h i e s in the Middle East: A Conclud i n g Appraisa l ,
  76. (2000). Monarchies in the Middle East: A Concluding Appraisal,
  77. (1997). National Au tono my , Labor Migrat i o n and Politi c a l Crisis : Yemen and Saudi Arabia .
  78. (1997). National Autonomy, Labor Migration and Political Crisis: Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
  79. (2001). Nationals and Expatriates: Population and Labour Dilemmas of the Gulf Cooperation Council States . R e a d i n g: Ithac a Press .
  80. (2001). Nationals and Expatriates: Population and Labour Dilemmas of the Gulf Cooperation Council States.
  81. (1990). Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar . New York: Camb ridge doi
  82. (1990). Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar. New York: doi
  83. (1993). Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Se curity Challenges in the Arab Gulf States . New York: Council on Foreign Relations. doi
  84. (1993). Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States. New York: Council on Foreign Relations. doi
  85. (2007). Oil Wars .
  86. (2007). Oil Wars.
  87. (1976). Oil Wealth and the Pros pect s for De mocrat i z a t i o n in the Arabian Peninsula: The Case of Saudi Arabia,
  88. (1976). Oil Wealth and the Prospects for Democratization in the Arabian Peninsula: The Case of Saudi Arabia,
  89. (1984). Palestine and the Palestinians, 1876–1983 . New Yor k: doi
  90. (1988). Palestinians in the Arab Worl d: Institution Building and the Search for State . N e w York: Columb ia .
  91. (1988). Palestinians in the Arab World: Institution Building and the Search for State. doi
  92. (2008). Pearl Towns and Early Oil Ci ties : Migr at i o n and Integr a t i o n in the Arab Coast of the Persian Gulf. Unpubli s h e d paper.
  93. (2008). Pearl Towns and Early Oil Cities: Migration and Integration in the Arab Coast of the Persian Gulf. Unpublished paper.
  94. (2000). Poetics and Politics of Newly Invente d Traditi o n s in the Gulf: Came l
  95. (2000). Poetics and Politics of Newly Invented Traditions in the Gulf: Camel Racing in the United Arab Emirates. doi
  96. (1989). Politi c s and Ideolo g y in Migrat i o n Policy Formul a t i o n : The Case of Kuwait.
  97. (1968). Political Order in Changing Societies . New Haven: Yale Univer s i t y
  98. (1968). Political Order in Changing Societies. doi
  99. (1989). Politics and Ideology in Migration Policy Formulation: The Case of Kuwait. doi
  100. (2000). Post-Ottoma n Ar ab Monarchies : Old Bottles, New Labels? ,
  101. (2000). Post-Ottoman Arab Monarchies: Old Bottles, New Labels?,
  102. (2005). Primar y Commod i t y Export s and Civil War.
  103. (2005). Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War. doi
  104. (1992). Privatization and Liberali zation in the Middle East . B l o o mi n g t o n : Indian a Univer s i t y
  105. (1972). Proble ms and Prospec t s of Develop me nt in the Arabian Penin s u l a .
  106. (1972). Problems and Prospects of Development in the Arabian Peninsula. doi
  107. (1985). Recent Migrat i o n s in the Arab World,
  108. (1985). Recent Migrations in the Arab World,
  109. (2004). Records of Saudi Arabia, doi
  110. (1997). Records of Saudi Arabia, 1961–1965. 5 vols. Chippenham: Archive Editions.
  111. (1999). Rentie r Wealth , Unruly Law, and the Rise of Opposi t i o n : The Politi c a l Economy of Oil States .
  112. (1999). Rentier Wealth, Unruly Law, and the Rise of Opposition: The Political Economy of Oil States. doi
  113. (1993). Saudi Arabia: Government, Society and the Gulf Crisis. doi
  114. (1993). Saudi Arabia: Government, Society and the Gulf Crisis. Lo n d o n : Routle d g e . doi
  115. (1990). Society and State in the Gulf and Arab Peninsula: A Different Perspective doi
  116. (1990). Society and State in the Gulf and Arab Peninsula: A Different Perspective, doi
  117. (1992). Sources of Politica l Stabilit y in Modern i z i ng Monarc h i c a l Regime s : Jordan and Morocco,
  118. (1992). Sources of Political Stability in Modernizing Monarchical Regimes: Jordan and Morocco,
  119. (1977). South Korean Wor kers in the Middle East. doi
  120. (1977). South Korean Workers in the Middle East. doi
  121. (1986). The Bahrain Government Annual Reports, 1924–1956. 5 vols. Gerrards Cross: Archive Editions.
  122. (1996). The Call from Algeria: Third Worl dism, Revolution, and the Turn to Islam . B e r k el e y : Univer si t y of Califo r n i a Press .
  123. (1996). The Call from Algeria: Third Worldism, Revolution, and the Turn to Islam. Berkeley: doi
  124. (1970). The Commander of the Faithful: The Moroccan Elite – A Study in Segmented Politics . Lo n d o n : Wei den f e l d and Nicolso n .
  125. (1970). The Commander of the Faithful: The Moroccan Elite – A Study in Segmented Politics. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. doi
  126. (1983). The Court Society, trans.
  127. (2007). The Darker Nations: A People’s History of the Third World . doi
  128. (2007). The Darker Nations: A People’s History of the Third World. doi
  129. (1980). The Gulf Between Two Revolut i o n s:
  130. (1980). The Gulf Between Two Revolutions: 1958–1979, doi
  131. (1982). The Impact of Emigrat i o n on Nation a l Develo p me n t in the Arab Region: The Case of the Ye men Arab Republic.
  132. (1982). The Impact of Emigration on National Development in the Arab Region: The Case of the Yemen Arab Republic. doi
  133. (1985). The Indian Community in Bahrai n : Labour Immi gr a t i o n in a Plural Society. PhD dissert a t i o n ,
  134. (1985). The Indian Community in Bahrain: Labour Immigration in a Plural Society. PhD dissertation,
  135. (1981). The Manpower Problem in Kuwait . L o n d o n : Kegan Paul Interna t i o n a l . doi
  136. (1982). The New Arab Social Order: A Study of the Social Impact of Oil Wealth . doi
  137. (1982). The New Arab Social Order: A Study of the Social Impact of Oil Wealth. doi
  138. (1970). The Patterns and Problems of Econo mi c Devel o p me n t in Renti e r States : The Case of Iran,
  139. (1993). The Politi c a l Economy of Popula t i o n Moveme n t s in the Middle East. Middle East Report ,
  140. (2008). The Politi c a l Impact of Labor: Migrat i o n
  141. (1981). The Politic s of In tra-Regional Migration,
  142. (1993). The Political Economy of Population Movements in the Middle East. doi
  143. (2008). The Political Impact of Labor: Migration in Bahrain. doi
  144. (1981). The Politics of Intra-Regional Migration,
  145. (1963). The Politics of Social Change in the Middle East and North Africa . doi
  146. (1990). The Rentier State in the Arab World, doi
  147. (2007). The Siege of Mecca: The Forgotte n Uprising
  148. (2007). The Siege of Mecca: The Forgotten Uprising
  149. (1980). Tribe and State in Bahrain . Chicago: doi
  150. (1980). Tribe and State in Bahrain. Chicago: doi
  151. (1997). Walls Built on Sand: doi
  152. (1997). Walls Built on Sand: Migration, Exclusion and Society in Kuwait. doi
  153. (2000). We i t z ma n , B., doi
  154. (2000). Why did Arab Monarchies Fall? An Analysis of Old and New Explanations,
  155. (1987). Work Camps and Company Towns: Settlement Patterns and the Gulf Oil Industry .
  156. (1987). Work Camps and Company Towns: Settlement Patterns and the Gulf Oil Industry.
  157. (1995). Ye me ni Exodus from Saudi Arabia: The Gulf Conflic t and the Ceasing of Workers Emigrati o n .
  158. (1995). Yemeni Exodus from Saudi Arabia: The Gulf Conflict and the Ceasing of Workers Emigration.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.