Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Crime on bus routes: an evaluation of a safer travel initiative

By AD Newton, SD Johnson and KJ Bowers

Abstract

This paper reports the main findings of an evaluation of an intensive four-week policing operation along a single bus corridor, aimed at reducing the extent of crime along the bus route. The evaluation, which adopts a mixture of quantitative evaluation techniques, demonstrates that the operation was successful both in increasing officer arrest rates (up to four times for the officers who worked on the scheme), and also in reducing crime levels for particular crime types, namely assault and theft from vehicle, up to 400m from the route. A conceptual discussion is provided as to how to measure the effectiveness of an operation with no geographically predefined action area and to define the relationship between action areas and displacement or diffusion zones. Consequently, this evaluation examines both the influence of the scheme within a predefined distance from the route, and also proposes a method for determining the likely range of influence of the scheme in terms of physical distance

Topics: crimes, buses, passenger transport, policing, United Kingdom, PUBLIC TRANSPORT, DISPLACEMENT, PREVENTION
Publisher: EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LIMITED
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.ucl.ac.uk.OAI2:147
Provided by: UCL Discovery

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1998). A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions,
  2. (2002). Anticipated consequences: developing a strategy for the targeted measurement of displacement and diffusion of benefit”,
  3. (2002). Anticipatory benefits in crime prevention”, in Tilley,
  4. (1995). Biting Back: Tackling Repeat Burglary and Car Crime, Home Office Crime Detection and Prevention Series, Paper 58, Home Office,
  5. (1998). British Crime Survey,
  6. (1991). Citizen-based crime control activity and victimisation risks: an examination of displacement and free-rider effects”,
  7. (2000). Crime and public transport”, in
  8. (1986). Crime at Bus Stops. A study of environmental factors”,
  9. (1989). Crime prevention that works: the care of public transport in the Netherlands”,
  10. (1993). Design Against Crime. Beyond Defensible Space,
  11. (2002). Effects of Improved Street Lighting On Crime: A Systematic Review, Home Office Research Study 251, 251, Home Office,
  12. (1998). Evaluation: Methods for Studying Programs and Policies,
  13. (1999). Exploring links between crime and disadvantage in North-West England: an analysis using geographical information systems”,
  14. Get on Board: On Board: An Agenda for Improving Personal Security in Bus Travel, Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions,
  15. (1998). Identifying what works: recent trends in crime prevention strategies”,
  16. (1997). Improving Transit Security. A Synthesis of Transport Practice, TCRP Synthesis 21, Transportation Research Board,
  17. (2003). Measuring the geographical displacement of crime”,
  18. (2003). Opportunity is in the eye of the beholder: the role of publicity in crime prevention”,
  19. (1990). Personal security as a transport issue: a state of the art review”,
  20. (1999). Personal Security Issues in Pedestrian Journeys, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions,
  21. (1990). Police crackdowns: initial and residual deterrence”,
  22. (1997). Policing mass transit: serving a unique community”,
  23. (1997). Preventing crime at places”, in
  24. (1991). Preventing Crime on Transport, Australian Institute of Criminology,
  25. (1998). Preventing Crime: What Works. What Doesn’t, What’s Promising, National Institute of Justice,
  26. (1993). Public transport safety: a community right and a communal responsibility”, in
  27. (2003). Pushing Back the Boundaries: New Techniques for Assessing the Impact of Burglary Schemes, Home Office Online Report 24/03, Home Office,
  28. (1996). Redesigning hell: preventing crime and disorder at the port authority bus terminal”,
  29. (1992). Reducing Crime on the London Underground: An Evaluation of Three Pilot Projects, Crime Prevention Unit Paper 30, Home Office,
  30. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: a routine activity approach”,
  31. (2001). Uncovering the true picture. evaluating crime reduction initiatives using disaggregate crime data”, Crime Prevention and Community Safety:
  32. (1997). Visibility and Vigilance: Metro’s Situational Approach to Preventing Subway Crime, National Institute of Justice,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.