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Rapid dot-ELISA for the detection of specific antigens in the cyst fluid from human cases of cystic echinococcosis.

By Y Wang, H Bradshaw, MT Rogan and PS Craig


A rapid dot-ELISA was developed for the detection of specific antigens in samples of cyst fluid from human cases of Echinococcus granulosus infection, permitting the confirmation of cystic echinococcosis (CE). Peroxidase-conjugated antibodies against antigen B (derived from the fluid in the cysts of sheep infected with E. granulosus) were used to test cyst-fluid samples from 22, surgically confirmed cases of human CE and 21 domestic animals (horses, sheep, buffalo, a cow and a camel) with CE. All of these samples were found to be strongly positive in the dot-ELISA, by direct reading with the naked eye. In contrast, fluid samples from seven, non-parasitic liver cysts of human origin were all negative, and a sample taken from the residual cavity left in a patient after previous CE surgery showed a weakly positive reaction. The antigen-detection assay, which can be completed within 10min, may be a useful 'bedside' test for the differential diagnosis of cysts during surgery or percutaneous treatment for suspected CE

Topics: R1, health_and_wellbeing
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2002
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