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Modulation of the Permeability of H2 Receptor Antagonists Cimetidine and Ranitidine by P-Glycoprotein in Rat Intestine and the Human Colonic Cell Line Caco-21

By Andrew Collett, Norman B. Higgs, E. Sims, M. Rowland and Geoff Warhurst


The influence of secretory transporters on intestinal permeability characteristics of the H2 receptor antagonists ranitidine and cimetidine was studied in Caco-2 monolayers and rat intestinal mucosa mounted in Ussing chambers. Both drugs exhibited vectorial transport across rat ileum with significantly greater (2-4-fold) permeability in the serosal-to-mucosal than the mucosal-to-serosal direction, indicative of net mucosal secretion. Mucosal ranitidine secretion was also observed in rat distal colon, although to a lesser degree. Ileal ranitidine secretion was concentration dependent and significantly reduced by the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates verapamil and cyclosporin. In contrast, probenicid, an inhibitor of the multidrug-related protein, had no effect on ranitidine permeability. The paracellular marker mannitol showed no evidence of asymmetric permeability or sensitivity to P-gp inhibitors. Significant expression of P-gp protein in rat intestinal epithelial cells was confirmed by immunoblotting. Caco-2 monolayers, which overexpress P-gp, also showed asymmetric permeability of ranitidine and cimetidine. In this model, ranitidine permeability in the mucosal-to-serosal direction decreased by 95% as monolayer resistance increased from 150 to 500 /cm2, indicating a primarily paracellular route of transport. However, serosal-to-mucosal permeability was insensitive to resistance changes, consistent with a primarily transcellular route in this direction. These data indicate that ranitidine and cimetidine can act as substrates for intestinal P-gp and suggest that the balance between absorptive and secretory mechanisms as a factor in determining intestinal absorption needs to be a routine consideration even for compounds expected to have a predominantly paracellular route of absorption

Topics: QH301
Publisher: American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Year: 1999
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