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Reactive oxygen species, cell growth, cell cycle progression and vascular remodeling in hypertension

By M. Vokurkova, S. Xu and R.M. Touyz


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) include superoxide, hygrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical. Under physiological conditions, all vascular cell types produce ROS in a controlled and regulated fashion, mainly through nonphagocyte NADPH oxidase. An imbalance between pro-oxidants and antioxidants results in oxidative stress. ROS are important intracellular signaling molecules. There is growing evidence that increased oxidative stress and associated oxidative damage are mediators of vascular injury in hypertension, as well as in other cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative stress causes vascular injury by reducing nitric oxide bioavailability, altering endothelial function and vascular contraction/dilation, promoting vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and hypertrophy, and increasing extracellular matrix deposition and inflammation. The present review focuses on the regulatory role of ROS on cell growth and cell cycle progression and discusses implications of these events in vascular remodeling in hypertension

Publisher: 'Future Medicine Ltd'
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.2217/14796678.3.1.53
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Provided by: Enlighten
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